Vol 14, No 3 (2023)

Cover Page

Full Issue


Assessment of the impact of innovative potential of universities on the development of Russian regions

Alabaeva N.S.


This article is devoted to the study of the impact of innovative potential of higher education institutions on regional development, which in the future will allow us to develop models of the impact of innovative development of universities on the level of regional development. The internal policy of the Russian Federation has been focused for several years on the transition to an innovative model of economy, which is reflected in many regulatory legal acts and government programs to support innovation. Individual regions of the Russian Federation have their own characteristic territorial and economic features, uneven development of various aspects of innovation processes, which requires building individual approaches to the development and implementation of regional innovation policy, as well as individual approaches to the development of models of the impact of innovative development of universities on the level of regional development. Regional systems are of paramount importance, since their level of development determines the formation of a system aimed at creating and implementing innovative projects that are necessary to meet the emerging needs of the economy and are aimed at its qualitative transformation to strengthen the state of the state and its competitive advantages. Universities are of strategic importance for regional innovative development, able to determine the optimal characteristics of innovative projects necessary to improve the economic and social condition. To identify the relationship between the innovation potential of Russian regions and their socio-economic development, as well as to assess the strength of this relationship, the following statistical indicators were considered in this study: gross regional product (GRP) per capita and the Russian Regional Innovation Index (RRII) calculated by the Higher School of Economics.

Vestnik of Samara University. Economics and Management. 2023;14(3):7-15
pages 7-15 views

Concept of energy efficiency improvement management at industrial enterprises of the region in the conditions of its innovative development

Anisimova V.Y.


The article discusses the conceptual foundations of energy efficiency management and increasing the level of energy efficiency of industrial enterprises at the regional level under the influence of modern innovative processes for its development. As part of the work carried out, the limiting factors that have a restraining effect on the spread of innovations with a high potential for improving energy efficiency at industrial enterprises in the Russian economy are indicated. The uniqueness of many industrial clusters of the domestic economy imposes the need to consider models of different, differentiated approaches to solving the issue at enterprises dedicated to the processes of improving energy efficiency within the framework of its active innovative development. Thanks to the experience of recent years in attracting and introducing innovative programs to enterprises, an up-to-date, modular classification of energy-saving measures has been formed in accordance with the state and problems of fuel and energy complex of our country. Different approaches to the selection of effective energy saving and energy efficiency programs at enterprises of different types are presented, as well as aspects of innovation activity within the framework of a single management process that unites the sustainable development of the enterprise, achieving the main goals of the enterprise through the processes of relevant innovation activity, as well as ensuring the development of a stable, sustainable management system of an industrial enterprise to update the program of adopted innovative measures to improve energy efficiency. The ways of development of innovation policy within the framework of improving the energy efficiency of industrial enterprises of the Samara region in accordance with the current economic situation, the problems of the industrial cluster in relation to the development of innovative activity of enterprises are given. The methodological foundations of establishing the procedure for introducing innovations in the field of energy efficiency and resource conservation, as well as an approach to choosing priority ways of developing regional procedures for planning, implementing, implementing and monitoring energy efficiency programs at industrial enterprises in the region are considered. The research materials can be used to improve the management processes of developing programs to increase energy and resource efficiency at the enterprises of the region in the conditions of current level of development of the economy of the Russian Federation in general and the Samara region in particular.

Vestnik of Samara University. Economics and Management. 2023;14(3):16-27
pages 16-27 views

Transformation processes of infrastructural institutions of the national innovation system of Russia in the context of import substitution of innovations

Bogatyrev V.D., Tyukavkin N.M., Vasiliev B.N.


At the present stage, the infrastructure institutions of the National Innovation System are being actively transformed, caused primarily by the instability of the geopolitical situation, economic and political sanctions against Russia carried out by the states of Western Europe and the United States. In this regard, in order to preserve and develop state technological sovereignty and further improve innovation policy, it is necessary to improve the institutional innovation infrastructure. The national innovation system, taking into account the transformational processes in the innovation market, has a special role in improving the institutions for ensuring innovation activity, consisting of their interconnected economic entities and institutional organizations that interact with each other in the process of creating innovations. The transformation processes of NIS infrastructure institutions represent transformations of the structure of the innovation economy, methods and forms, as well as the target orientation of integrated support for the development and production of innovations, representing the main development of innovation activity. The author notes in the article that the development of any system includes functional and structural transformation associated with the preservation of its basic functions and the stability of its activities. As certain changes accumulate, a transformation begins in the system, which includes: first, changes in quantitative and qualitative parameters, and later, as they accumulate and the properties of the system change, its transformation occurs due to qualitative changes in parameters, culminating in the creation of a new system. Currently, the transformation of the innovation infrastructure is aimed at the integration of foreign economic activity and the formation of conditions for the creation of their own innovative industries that do not depend on imported technologies and components. A specific feature of the integration infrastructure is that it is the basic subsystem of innovative industrial production. The proposed comprehensive approach to the implementation of transformational processes in the innovation infrastructure is based on the criteria of its formation: functional purpose, territorial structure, industry orientation in the production of innovations. The use of an integrated approach to infrastructure transformation makes it possible to identify current trends and trends in its development. A new scientific result is a model of transformation of the institutes of the innovation infrastructure of NIS, with a key object – the national innovation cluster, which is an analogue of NIS. Also, as new scientific results, the author introduces the following concepts: «network institutes» and «institutes of digital twins».

Vestnik of Samara University. Economics and Management. 2023;14(3):28-40
pages 28-40 views

Forecasting and assessment of uncertainty in the economic activity of enterprises

Bukhalkov M.I., Melnikov M.A., Safronov E.G.


In public life and practical activity of people, uncertainty is an objective and very important and complex scientific category. In this article, one of the first attempts is made to reveal the essence of the category of economic uncertainty itself and to identify its impact on the final results of production, economic and socio-economic activities of enterprises in the region. The scientific and practical significance of uncertainty in the sphere of economic activity of enterprises is to take into account its impact on real processes to the fullest extent, as well as to best justify such types, volumes, timing and other indicators of production and sale of goods and services. Taking into account the market conditions, with the skillful use of available resources, this can bring the greatest final result to the enterprise. The completion of this study involves the theoretical justification, methodological support and practical application at industrial enterprises of a comprehensive system of scientifically based criteria, organizational and management mechanisms, planning and economic standards and indicators to reduce the impact of uncertainty and increase on this basis the efficiency of the use of production resources, primarily the labor of employees and the capital of entrepreneurs. The study reveals the essence of the category of «uncertainty» in the field of economic activity from a scientific standpoint, suggests a mechanism for reducing uncertainty in the work of industrial enterprises, provides recommendations for assessing the level of uncertainty and improving the final economic results.

Vestnik of Samara University. Economics and Management. 2023;14(3):41-49
pages 41-49 views

System of assessment and forecasting of regional industrial systems development prospects taking into account the innovation-technological factor

Gorky A.S.


The published scientific article is devoted to the need for integrated and systemic strategies to promote the development of the regional industrial complex, which is the most important aspect of innovative strategies of production units and allows regions to increase their production competitiveness and attract additional investment. The article defines the concept of forecasting in scientific research and regulatory documents; presents a system of indicators for assessing the forecasting of regional economic systems within the Russian Federation; highlights the elements of the strategy of socio-economic development of the subjects of the Russian Federation; emphasizes that regional forecasting includes economic, demographic and social forecasts of regional development; presents a specific classification of forecasts for the studied time period; a distinction is made between search and regulatory forecasts: search forecasts are based on the analysis of the prevailing trends of economic growth, and regulatory forecasts are based on the desired future state of the region, corresponding to the objectives of the study; it is argued that the socio-economic development and industrial complex of the region are significantly influenced by innovation and technological factors; to assess the innovation and technological factor in the article it is proposed to carry out mathematical modeling of innovation processes within the framework of the regional industrial complex; the stages of modeling these innovative processes are outlined; the use of a matrix of correlation indicators for the selection of factors is justified, which allows to systematically assess the relationship between various variables, helping to identify factors affecting regional development.

Vestnik of Samara University. Economics and Management. 2023;14(3):50-58
pages 50-58 views

Financial support for the technological development of economic sectors

Ermakova Z.A.


The article deals with the issues of the influence of long-term financing on the technological development of the sectors of the Russian economy as a whole and its individual regions. The purpose of the study was to identify the relationship between the amount of investment, the availability of external long-term financing, and the level of technological development of economic sectors. The objectives of the study were: to identify the dynamics of commissioning and the level of renewal of fixed assets in basic industries; determination of the structure of sources of financing with the allocation of budgetary funds and a bank loan; assessment of the compliance of the volume, sufficiency and nature of financing with the requirements of the technological development of the economy. The study used general and special methods of scientific knowledge: theoretical generalization, the method of monographic research, systemic and evolutionary approaches, methods of economic analysis and statistical data processing, graphics. The information base was the data of Rosstat and its territorial departments, presented on the official websites. As a result, the following conclusions were drawn: about the discrepancy between the level of technological development of basic industries and the requirements of economic growth, which is expressed by the low dynamics of indicators of innovative development of the economy; about the inconsistency of the structure of sources of long-term financing with the needs of the technological development of economic entities; about the forced use by economic entities of their own funds (according to the author, up to 70 % against 54–55 % according to statistics) as sources of investment due to the inaccessibility of bank loans. Technological development is carried out through an active innovation and investment process, which requires not only long-term debt financing, but also low-cost funds. Such sources in Russia are budgetary funds from the federal and regional budgets, as well as funding equivalent to them from funds (modernization of industry, development of single-industry towns, etc.). Bank loans, which in developed economies are the most important source of economic development, occupy 10–11 % in Russia (twice less than budget financing). Thus, the banking system has not become a driver of technological and, more broadly, economic development. In general, the need for financing to ensure technological development is shown by all basic sectors of the economy. Directions for future research may include measures taken at the level of the Government of the Russian Federation, the Bank of Russia, and regional authorities to increase the volume of investment financing; the effectiveness of tools to reduce the cost of funds raised (in particular, bank loans); determination of a sufficient amount of financing for investment processes; decomposition of scientific and technological priorities in the territorial aspect. The conducted research and its results will be useful to scientists dealing with the problems of organizational and economic support of economic development, as well as teachers and students in economic areas.

Vestnik of Samara University. Economics and Management. 2023;14(3):59-70
pages 59-70 views

Fiscal policy and economic growth

Zotikov N.Z.


The relevance of the research topic is due to the fact that socio-economic development of the country is impossible without an effective budgetary and tax policy as an integral part of the socio-economic policy of state aimed at ensuring a balanced growth of territories. The issue of balanced development of territories is becoming especially relevant in the current sanctions economic conditions. The purpose of the article is to study the impact of current tax and budget policy on the socio-economic development of the regions. The following methods were used in the study: analysis and synthesis, generalization, grouping, comparison, tabulation, etc. The subject of the study is the socio-economic indicators of the development of regions as a result of tax and budgetary policy. In the course of the study, it was found that the ongoing tax and budgetary policy does not ensure the successful development of territories: the unevenness of their socio-economic situation persists and intensifies. This is manifested in such indicators as the gross regional product, per capita cash income, investment in fixed assets. At the same time, due to the high centralization of the economy, which limits the autonomy of the subjects of the Federation in the formation of the resources necessary for progressive development, the regions are not able to pursue an independent tax and budgetary policy, the effectiveness of its implementation is limited by the powers granted to them in the public sector in conditions of limited revenue sources. Municipalities do not participate at all in the conduct of tax-budgetary policy; there are no taxes in their budgets that stimulate production growth. Under these conditions, a significant place in the regional and local budgets is occupied by interbudgetary transfers, which only cover the budget deficit, but do not stimulate production growth.

Vestnik of Samara University. Economics and Management. 2023;14(3):71-79
pages 71-79 views

Opportunities, prospects and problems of creation tourist and recreational cluster near the city of Zhigulevsk

Ivanenko L.V., Volchak A.A.


The article is devoted to the possibility of creating a modern recreational zone near the city of Zhigulevsk, on the territory of which the formation of a tourist cluster is likely. Further, the article presents a description of the city of Zhigulevsk, which is located in the Samara region, on the banks of the Volga River. This city was founded in 1952, it is almost 70 years old. Zhigulevsk has the status of an "urban district" and is a small town with a population of 53,800 people. In accordance with the strategic goal, the urban district of Zhigulevsk should become a high-class tourist center and a «smart city» with high-tech industry, a comfortable urban environment and a favorable investment climate. The unique location conditions include the fact that Zhigulevsk is located within the boundaries of two specially protected natural areas of Federal significance – this is the Samarskaya Luka National Park and the Zhigulevsky State Natural Biosphere Reserve named after I.I. Sprygin. Diverse landscapes, picturesque relief, relic and endemic plants and animals, numerous monuments of nature and history, culture and architecture make this region an unusual territory. All this is the basis for the creation of a recreational and tourist cluster with a control center in the urban district of Zhigulevsk. This area may be attractive to investors. At present, the process of establishing this territory as a modern recreational area is being actively carried out, where it is possible to create a tourist cluster. The article points out that there are complex obstacles for the implementation of this: the infrastructure is poorly developed, most of the settlements are not well-maintained, there are not enough facilities for accommodating tourists: hotels, shelters, glampings, boarding houses, recreation centers, etc. At the same time, the Zhigulevsk urban district has competitive advantages that distinguish it from other small towns in the region and create opportunities for sustainable development in the long term. These include: a fairly developed industrial potential, high logistics capabilities, developed transport network, qualified labor resources, favorable geographical position and rich cultural traditions. All this substantiates and reveals wide opportunities for the formation of tourist and recreational potential. A brief description of domestic clusters is also given, the shortcomings of their organization and functioning are shown. Recommendations on the creation of a domestic innovation cluster are presented.

Vestnik of Samara University. Economics and Management. 2023;14(3):80-86
pages 80-86 views

Development of a decision-making model by the company taking into account its financial activities

Ivanov D.A.


The subject of the study is the cash flow of a commercial organization, in particular in the field of its financial activities. The principle of dividing the organization's activities into financial and other (operational and investment) is based on the International Financial Reporting Standard (IAS) 7 «Cash Flow Statement». «Financial activity» in the work is understood as activities related to the receipt and return of the company's own and borrowed resources, i.e. everything related to attracting sources of financing. The main (operational) activity of the organization, which directly brings it revenue, as well as the investment activity of the organization related to the acquisition and sale of non-current assets and the investment of funds in the financial market, in the work conditionally refers to non-financial activities. In order to improve the efficiency of the company's functioning, an economic and mathematical model has been developed that can help optimize managerial decision-making in the management of the company's financial activities. The proposed model is based on a cash flow budget. As a criterion for optimizing the company's activities in this model, it is proposed to use profit maximization as the most common goal of a commercial enterprise according to economic theory. A limit is imposed on the amount of the cash balance for any given time, which allows the company to have a financial buffer that can save the situation in case of unforeseen circumstances. In case of a decrease in the cash balance to a critical level, the company resorts to borrowing funds from credit institutions in the short term. These can be one-time loans or the opening of a credit line that allows an organization to take and repay bank loans at any time during the term of the loan agreement and in the amount of the limit provided, thereby eliminating the financial gaps that have arisen. The developed dynamic model makes it possible to optimize the company's activities, and also allows the management to make timely decisions, to have a financial buffer for unforeseen circumstances.

Vestnik of Samara University. Economics and Management. 2023;14(3):87-94
pages 87-94 views

Main directions of PPP development in the Samara region

Klimentyeva S.V.


Over the past two decades, leading statesmen of the Russian Federation have emphasized that they are building a social state that has great economic security and puts the quality of life of citizens at the forefront. This is supported by the development and implementation of national projects for the development of the country in priority areas, which are planned and implemented in the form of a number of programs at different administrative levels. At the same time, the history of the world economy has shown that the development of large infrastructure projects and a number of smaller, but very long-term and non-profitable ones, turns out to be impossible without the involvement of the state as an investor or guarantor in their financing. The role of the state especially increases when it is necessary to develop the country during periods of economic downturns and exit from them. In this case, various mechanisms and tools for organizing processes and their financing can be used. One of the well-established ways of implementing state programs for the development of territories and industries is public-private cooperation. However, it is necessary to approach it from the standpoint of complexity, identifying the most popular and promising areas and forms for the implementation of specific activities in various sectors, taking into account the socio-economic situation within a particular region. It is also important to determine the most effective level of implementation of public-private cooperation projects. Based on the complexity of projects, their cost and funding opportunities in modern Russia, they have become a regional level. It is at this level that the largest number of territorial and sectoral development projects are implemented, industry clusters are created, technology parks and other points of economic growth appear. At the same time, one of the leading regions in the field of public-private partnership over the past few years has been the Samara region. The article examines the evolution of public-private partnership, the current conditions in which the mechanism of public-private partnership is developing, and also suggests directions for its further development in the Samara region.

Vestnik of Samara University. Economics and Management. 2023;14(3):95-103
pages 95-103 views

Use of resource-saving technologies in the conditions of energy transition and sustainable development of enterprises of oil and gas complex of the Samara region

Manukyan M.M., Artemyan K.B.


Today, the development of oil and gas complex is one of the most important factors in the development of the economy of each country. In the Samara region, oil and gas industry is of particular importance, as it is one of the main sources of income in the region. Therefore, the main objectives of this report will be to show the need to change the use of resource-saving technologies in the oil and gas industry in the conditions of energy transition and stable development. And also to consider in more detail the characteristics of oil and gas complex of the Samara region. Since oil and gas complex is one of the branches of the economy that is associated with the research, exploration, production, processing and transportation of oil and gas, this sector combines both companies and organizations working in the field of oil and gas exploration, production and processing, as well as equipment manufacturers, suppliers services, producers of petroleum products and gas companies.

Vestnik of Samara University. Economics and Management. 2023;14(3):104-109
pages 104-109 views

Cluster-network mechanism in ensuring innovative regional development

Milyukov A.A., Goman K.I.


The article discusses the theoretical and methodological foundations of clustering, which serve as the basis for a modern proactive innovation policy. The cluster-network mechanism, which is the most important tool for ensuring the innovative development of regions, is considered. The principle of regional cluster policy is singled out, aimed at progressive development by encouraging the formation of clusters in order to create a self-sustaining ecosystem that ensures economic growth and social well-being in the region. It is stated that the formation of a cluster economy is based on a set of interrelated theoretical, methodological and methodologically sound provisions revolving around the concept of a balance of economic and social interests in order to harmonize relations between regions. Strategies that can be used in the implementation of cluster policy are identified: increasing the critical mass; supporting innovation through funding, grants or other forms of financial assistance; encouragement of cooperation between cluster entities, which involves the creation of networks or platforms that facilitate the exchange of knowledge, or the holding of events and initiatives that bring together stakeholders; development of infrastructure that supports business in a particular industry or sector; creating an enabling policy environment that promotes the growth and development of clusters through a regulatory framework that supports innovation and entrepreneurship. The article substantiates the methodological groups of provisions for the creation of a cluster economy, formulated both positive (presence of modern technological and scientific infrastructure on the territory, readiness of all parties to cooperate, an effective system of interaction between various organizations), and constraining conditions (bad business climate, underdevelopment of associative structures, inadequate planning of the regional economy, neglecting the specific requirements of cluster development), necessary for the functioning of clusters. The definition of the cluster-network approach and its mechanism is also presented, as well as the various stages of the implementation of the cluster-network management model. The integral approach allows us to assess the diversity of the state of the economic system of the region with a high level of clustering. Reflected integral approach allows us to assess the diversity of the state of the economic system of the region with a high level of clustering. In addition, the article proposes a methodological approach to stimulating the cluster-network mechanism of regional development.

Vestnik of Samara University. Economics and Management. 2023;14(3):110-118
pages 110-118 views

Import substitution in the energy industry as the basis for the economic growth of the region (on the example of the Samara region)

Mironova E.A., Komisarov A.S.


Samara region is one of the leading regions in terms of the level of development of industrial production, innovation activity, and investment attractiveness. Therefore, Samara region has every opportunity for active development of hydrogen energy, in particular, the production and use of green hydrogen. The published article is devoted to the analysis of all possible potentials for the active development of hydrogen energy in the Samara region. The main problems that hinder the introduction of hydrogen into industrial production and other spheres of life in the Samara region, which relate to environmental friendliness, infrastructure, the state of legislation, incomplete readiness of society for a new type of fuel, are analyzed. Measures of actions that need to be taken to promote ideas for the introduction of hydrogen are described. In addition, real examples related to research and development work in the field of hydrogen technologies in the Samara region were disclosed. As the most promising methods of large-tonnage transportation of hydrogen, transportation by pipelines, various modes of transport in a liquefied or compressed state, as well as in a bound state in the form of ammonia or liquid organic carriers is considered.

Vestnik of Samara University. Economics and Management. 2023;14(3):119-128
pages 119-128 views

On the issue of assessing the impact of innovation activity on the results of an activity of an enterprise of Russian economy strategic industry

Pasechnikova L.V., Larina T.N.


The innovative activity of an enterprise reflects its ability to respond to changes in the external environment through the production or development of new products, the introduction of new technologies, as well as restructuring, development of organizational systems and management systems. In practice, the innovative activity of an enterprise is manifested in the regular updating of production technologies, in the growth of investments in production and scientific developments, in the growth of expenses for training (advanced training) of personnel, etc. The result of innovation activity should be an increase in financial results and strengthening of the financial condition of the enterprise, an increase in the value of assets, a decrease in indicators of harmful effects on the environment, etc. In the article, innovative activity is considered as an important factor in the development of an enterprise that determines the dynamics of its economic indicators. The purpose of the study is to assess the impact of an organization's innovation activity on the results of its activities. The object of the study is the oil refining enterprise of Public Joint Stock Company (PJSC) «Orsknefteorgsintez», which operates on the territory of the Orenburg region. The authors analyzed the achieved results of the company's work in the current economic conditions, the directions of its innovative activity. The article presents the prospects for further development of the company, taking into account the ongoing measures to modernize and upgrade equipment, expand production. The authors showed the expected results of innovation activity in 2023, measured by indicators: financial results, volume and quality of oil refining. The information base of the study is the reporting of PJSC «Orsknefteorgsintez», specialized Internet portals for 2020–2022. The tools of empirical research are presented by statistical methods of analysis of dynamics and structure.

Vestnik of Samara University. Economics and Management. 2023;14(3):129-138
pages 129-138 views

Approaches to calculating the attractiveness of technological projects

Tomskikh M.I.


For the selection and further effective implementation of a technological project, it is important to assess its attractiveness. The relevance of the scientific article follows from this request, since it considers the main drawback of the available tools for assessing the investment attractiveness of technological projects. It is important not only to analyze the attractiveness of the economic results of the economic sphere, but to create and transform existing technological projects, with the help of which the development of the country's domestic market will be achieved. The object of research of the scientific article is the need for changes in the Russian market of production and services. The subject of the study of the scientific article are the tools for assessing the investment attractiveness of the project. The purpose of the study in the scientific article is to analyze the methods for calculating the attractiveness of technological modernization in the constant technological change in the economy and politics of the country. The tasks of researching a scientific article necessary to achieve the stated goal: analytics of the functioning of the Russian economy, as a dependence on the technologization of business and society; study of technological structures from the point of view of innovative changes in the economy. Research methods used in the work: a set of general scientific methods: analysis, synthesis, analogy, forecasting, a systematic approach, a number of special methods: observation, structuring information by graphical and tabular methods. Results. Thus, the problem of transformation of transitional aspects in the innovative economic analysis of technological projects is quite modern and important since the study of tools for assessing the attractiveness of projects reveals their lack of independence.

Vestnik of Samara University. Economics and Management. 2023;14(3):139-144
pages 139-144 views

Socio-technological types and models of implementation of import substitution policy by states and regions

Tyukavkin N.M., Anisimova V.Y.


The presented study analyzes the foreign experience of import substitution, which made it possible to identify three types of strategies implemented with the help of state policies – the first, second and third types. In the author's scientific work, a chronological study of import substitution processes in the Russian economy is carried out, the need for an import substitution policy at various stages of economic activity is substantiated. The objectives of import substitution are defined, which are the elimination of artificial barriers, sanctions, the creation of analogues and fundamentally new domestic technologies, support and policy of economic preferences for the most vulnerable types of economic activity, the organization of R&D and the production of experimental high-tech product samples. It is revealed that in order to solve the priority tasks in the field of import substitution, it is necessary to form a set of state measures that create conditions for the creation of domestic products that are competitive on the world market and represent the basis for the modernization of the Russian economy. The policy of import substitution should be carried out systematically, using methods of public administration and regulation, economic incentives and the combined method. The types of import substitution policies have been supplemented: the policy of ensuring state sovereignty; the policy of developing strategically important sectors of the economy; the policy of forced import substitution caused by the sanctions impact on the state economy; the policy of state preferences and protectionism of the domestic sector of the economy. The paper presents models of import substitution policy implemented at the present stage, reflecting innovative and intellectual activity. It is determined that the basis of the import substitution policy at the present stage is the opposition to economic sanctions in the innovation sphere, in order to create technologies of «superiority» and advanced development.

Vestnik of Samara University. Economics and Management. 2023;14(3):145-157
pages 145-157 views


Digital transformation of industrial enterprises innovative activities management system

Vasyaycheva V.A.


The implementation of the Concept of Scientific and Technological Development of Russia until 2030 involves a radical transformation of the usual way of modern business. First of all, it focuses on eliminating the gap in the pace of innovative economic growth of the domestic industrial structure from the world leaders through the use of digital and new information technologies, increasing the efficiency of the growth of economic processes and business models. The purpose of the scientific article is to study the possibilities of digitalization of the innovation management system and develop scientific and practical recommendations for the introduction of new technologies in Russian industrial enterprises. In the process of achieving this goal, the methods of statistical, portfolio, structural analysis and synthesis, generalization, analogy, system analysis were used. Based on the results of the analysis carried out by the author, recommendations were made to improve the efficiency of the system for managing the innovation activity of industrial enterprises. Scientific conclusions and proposals are of high importance for the development of theoretical and methodological provisions of innovation management and acceleration of economic and innovative growth of the Russian economy. Thus, scientific and practical recommendations and conclusions formed in the work can act as a methodological and information base for the management of enterprises in the implementation of a set of actions to ensure effective management of innovation activities and improve the methodological tools of innovation management using modern digital technologies.

Vestnik of Samara University. Economics and Management. 2023;14(3):158-166
pages 158-166 views

Insurance company in the production risk management system

Ivanov D.Y., Rostova E.P., Klyovina M.V.


The article examines one of the most common methods of preventive measures used by the management of most organizations – insurance. The role of this process in the risk management system of enterprises is studied, its types are considered: property, personal (employee insurance), liability insurance. The normative legal acts regulating this process are listed. A description of the risk management system in the «Center-Agent» format is proposed. This system will allow modeling systems involving multiple Agents. The company acts as a Center, the insurance company acts as Agent 1, it is also assumed that there is an Agent 2 in the system – a waste disposal company. There are information, financial and resource flows in the system. This study describes the activity of Agent 1: its functions in the system, as well as its overall functioning process. The Center acts as a decision-maker, Agents build their work on the basis of this information. The work schematically depicts the activity of Agent 1 and its relationship with the Center. Mathematical models are constructed based on the objective profit function of Agent 1, as well as a system of constraints. The first model describes the relationship between the Center and Agent 1 in the standard mode, when the company carries out the insurance process, but the insurance indemnity is not paid, since there was no risk event. The second model is designed to calculate when an emergency has occurred, since it includes compensation for damage paid by the insurance company. The resulting models are designed to predict the costs of preventive measures of the Center, they also allow you to plan the activities of Agent 1.

Vestnik of Samara University. Economics and Management. 2023;14(3):167-176
pages 167-176 views


Solvency of the population as an indicator of socio-economic development of the territory in conditions of a crisis

Nikolaeva N.A., Zhuravleva T.A.


To date, the global economic space has faced a number of strategic challenges. The Russian Federation and its regions have been subjected to unprecedented measures of influence by a number of foreign states. The situation that has developed on the Russian territory has been an impetus for the activation of internal resource potential for the formation of a new one that meets all the trends of economic policy. The sanctions had a negative impact on the labor market and the economic activity of small and medium-sized enterprises dependent on imports of goods and services. The purpose of the study is to analyze the solvency of the population in modern conditions and to determine the ways of socio-economic development of the Russian Federation and its regions on the example of the Samara region. As a scientific novelty of the research, it should be noted the use of a retrospective analysis of the level and quality of life of the population in terms of formation of their income and provision with social guarantees, as part of the ongoing socio-economic development program. The methodology of research in the field of studying the socio-economic development of the region is an urgent agenda in the scientific community today. As prospects for improving the quality and standard of living of the population of regions of the Russian Federation, the accents of strategic development are placed and their role in the formation of an effective economic trajectory is noted.

Vestnik of Samara University. Economics and Management. 2023;14(3):177-187
pages 177-187 views

Assessment of personnel risks of the personnel release process

Solovova N.V., Kapustina N.N., Kalmykova O.Y.


The problem of timely prevention of personnel risks is relevant for large industrial organizations due to a decrease in the comfort index of the organizational environment due to the socio-economic situation and ongoing organizational changes. In the article, the authors consider the problem of improving the methods of the process of releasing (dismissing) the personnel of an industrial organization in order to prevent personnel risks in modern socio-economic conditions. The purpose of the study is to develop scientific and practical recommendations for the implementation of methods for identifying and assessing personnel risks that arise in the process of personnel measures to release personnel from industrial organizations. As an empirical material, the analysis of scientific publications of Russian scientists on the research problem was carried out. Analysis of the effectiveness of the existing process of releasing the personnel of the industrial organization under study served as the basis for identifying and assessing the existing external and internal personnel risks. Based on the method of expert assessments, their significance and probability of occurrence were assessed, a profile of personnel risks was built and a personnel risk passport was formed for the release of personnel of an industrial organization. As a methodology, recommendations are presented that allow minimizing external and internal personnel risks of an industrial organization. Scientific novelty is determined by the proposed scientific and practical recommendations for improving the process of releasing personnel, ensuring the minimization of personnel risks of an industrial organization. Measures for the prevention and minimization of personnel risks in the process of dismissal (dismissal) of personnel include: development of documentation support (register and passport of personnel risks) of the process of dismissal of personnel; implementation of advanced training programs aimed at improving the managerial competence of personnel officers; annual stress monitoring and assessment of personnel risks.

Vestnik of Samara University. Economics and Management. 2023;14(3):188-194
pages 188-194 views


Theory of cooperative games in the economy under external uncertainty

Andrianova I.D., Yashin S.N., Yurlov F.F.


The article analyzes the issues of theory and practice of cooperative games in conditions when there are uncontrollable factors affecting the performance of economic systems, and the systems themselves are evaluated by a set of criteria. In modern scientific literature, solutions to real economic problems of cooperation often do not take into account the methods of choosing optimal strategies in the economy. This reduces the effectiveness of decision-making. The article analyzes the problems of decision-making in the absence of information about the impact of many environmental factors. The method of using the concept of cooperative games with the use of stochastic models of uncertainty is given. A comprehensive solution to the problems of uncertainty of the external environment when applying the theory of cooperative games is of particular importance in the current development of relations between different countries. This refers to the economic relations between the countries of the East and the West. The sanctions imposed on Russia, as a rule, are unpredictable. At the same time, these sanctions are imposed in concert by several countries. Therefore, it can be assumed that when they are introduced, certain coalitions are formed. And, consequently, there is a need to consider the possibilities of applying the theory of cooperative games. The authors present tools for modeling efficiency matrices for choosing optimal strategies, taking into account the risk of exposure to uncertainty factors. The proposed methodology implements a comprehensive solution to the problems of an uncontrolled external environment when applying the theory of cooperative games. The application of various optimality principles for evaluating the effectiveness of the subjects of analysis is presented in stages. Also, this technique may be of interest to decision makers. To increase the competitiveness of the company, the manager must have a foresight of the prospects for development in the conditions of dynamically changing characteristics of the external world. The authors conducted a study of the problems of accounting for the uncertainty of the external environment and the theory of cooperative games for decision-making and presented a methodology for complex analysis of these issues.

Vestnik of Samara University. Economics and Management. 2023;14(3):195-204
pages 195-204 views

Model of stochastic dynamics of a manufacturing enterprise, taking into account the optimal rates of domestic investment

Ilyina E.A., Saraev L.A.


In the published article, a new economic and mathematical model of the stochastic dynamics of the development of a multifactorial manufacturing enterprise is proposed, the restoration of resources of which is provided by internal investments. Forecasting the growth of output volumes, production costs, profits and depreciation deductions is described by a system of stochastic differential equations. It is shown that the dynamics of optimal development of an enterprise, within which it enters production capacities that correspond to maximum profit, correspond to effective coefficients of internal investment rates, for the calculation of which a special system of equations is established. It is shown that the choice of inefficient coefficients of internal investment rates does not allow the enterprise to ensure its maximum profit.

Vestnik of Samara University. Economics and Management. 2023;14(3):205-218
pages 205-218 views

Simulation model of decision-making on the choice of the optimal level of quality in the conditions of non-price competition between aircraft manufacturers

Kolychev S.A.


This article discusses the competitive interaction of producers of heterogeneous products in the conditions of the Cournot duopoly, where, unlike the classical model of volume and price competition, the main parameter of competitive interaction is the quality level indicator. This integral indicator of the quality level is represented by a quantitative assessment that takes into account the properties of the product, both from the point of view of the consumer, and the technical and technological component. Based on an analytical decision-making model for choosing the optimal quality level for a light aircraft using the Simulink software complex, a simulation model of competitive interaction between manufacturers producing various modifications of light aircraft has been formed. With the help of this simulation model, a research was made concerning the influence on the equilibrium values of individual parameters, such as the level of costs for the production of a unit of a product, that is, the cost and level of investments aimed directly at improving quality. The analysis of various scenarios of the initial dynamics of adaptation of market participants was carried out, taking into account the selected values of the initial parameters. The developed model can be used in the formation of a competitive strategy for enterprises producing light-engine aviation equipment, as well as other heterogeneous engineering products.

Vestnik of Samara University. Economics and Management. 2023;14(3):219-227
pages 219-227 views

Classification without training of subjects of the Volga federal district by indicators of development of the level of education

Trusova A.Y., Ilina A.I.


Анализ показателей развития сферы образования в настоящее время является важным и одним из первостепенных. Данная сфера определяет стратегию дальнейшего развития трудового потенциала отдельного региона и страны в целом, формирует устойчивые тенденции в развитии показателей социально-экономической сферы. Регулярный мониторинг результатов развития и формирование тенденций являются актуальными и практически значимыми. Изучению вопросов развития показателей сферы образования на примере данных по Приволжскому федеральному округу посвящено настоящее исследование. В работе в качестве математического инструментария использовался аппарат многомерных статистических методов. Классификация без обучения позволила выявить однородные по показателям субъекты Приволжского федерального округа. Средствами факторного анализа проведена визуализация субъектов Приволжского федерального округа, а также изучена структуризация субъектов, факторов. Субъекты Приволжского федерального округа представлены в теоретическом пространстве двух латентных факторов, что позволяет выявить долевое соотношение между изучаемыми показателями с учетом их взаимосвязи с латентными факторами. Используя компоненты матрицы факторного отображения, проведена кластеризация субъектов Приволжского федерального округа с использованием взвешенной евклидовой метрики.

Vestnik of Samara University. Economics and Management. 2023;14(3):228-254
pages 228-254 views

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