Correlation between science and worldview in the light of M. Heidegger’s fundamental ontology

Abstract

The article clarifies the correlation between science, philosophy and worldview in the light of M. Heidegger’s fundamental ontology. The worldview, according to Heidegger, is a way of self-understanding and self-interpretation of man in the modern (modern European) science. Both worldview and private sciences have a positive character. That means that ideology, like private sciences, deals with things and not with existence. The question of worldview (the correlation between philosophy and worldview) is essential for the institutional identity of phenomenological philosophy as such. The author shows that the specific character and originality of Heidegger's philosophical project (“fundamental ontology”) is largely connected with a consistent and essential distinction between philosophy and worldview. The relation of the phenomenon of worldview with humanism and anthropocentrism is explained. According to Heidegger, humanism and anthropocentrism are part of any worldview, worldview as such, not only a certain type of worldview. The meaning of Heidegger’s disidentification of the concepts of “essence” (Seiende) and “object” (Gegenstand) for fundamental ontology in general and the interpretation of ideology and science in particular is identified. It is established that, as a rule, Heidegger understands “science” not as the totality of  positive sciences (sciences of the essence), and not as a special type of perception, but as the dimension of the being of essence and the way of entity of essence, that was established and became dominant in European culture of the modern age.

About the authors

I. V. Demin

Samara State Aerospace University

Author for correspondence.
Email: ilyadem83@yandex.ru

Candidate of Science (Philosophy)

Associate Professor, Department of Philosophy and History

Russian Federation

References

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