Ensuring permissible level of gas turbine dynamic loading in operation by means of standard engine control devices

Abstract

To solve the fatigue resistance problems of gas turbine engine elements using the existing principles of regulation based on the use of safe load factors for various loading schemes we suggest exercising controlled influence upon the loading sources in operation using a system of automatic control and standard devices for engine monitoring. The article discusses the use of this approach to minimize the dynamic loading of the LPC (low pressure compressor) blades of afterburning turbojet engines installed on supersonic aircraft, as well as to combat oscillatory combustion in combustion chambers with shock actuation of free wheel clutches and self-induced oscillation in the helicopter transmission system. Besides, it is shown that the monitoring of GTE (gas turbine engine) dynamic load should be accompanied by improving the efficiency of the on-board engine diagnostic system. It is impossible to reduce the probability of target drop-out or faulty actuation of the existing standard means and facilities of such systems down to the required level without applying an individual approach to the determination of permissible levels of adjustable diagnostic parameters.

About the authors

V. V. Chervonyuk

Gromov Flight Research Institute

Author for correspondence.
Email: nio3@lii.ru

Doctor of Science (Engineering)
Head Researcher

Russian Federation

B. B. Korovin

Gromov Flight Research Institute

Email: nio3@lii.ru

Doctor of Science (Engineering)
Head of Science Laboratory

Russian Federation

References

  1. Korovin B.B. Otsenka nagruzheniya elementov konstruktsii GTD v usloviyakh poleta. V kn.: «Letnye ispytaniya gazoturbinnykh dvigateley samoletov i vertoletov». Moscow: Mashinostroenie Publ., 1983. P 159-168. (In Russ.)
  2. Korovin B.B, Chervonyuk V.V. Some features of GTE elements loading while working in configured of supersonic aircraft. Trudy LII. 1976. No. 300. 36 p. (In Russ.)
  3. Korovin B.B. Identifikatsiya aerouprugikh yavleniy v lopatkakh turbomashin metodami spektral'nogo analiza. V kn.: «Aerouprugost' turbomashin». Kiev: Naukova Dumka Publ., 1980. P. 159-168. (In Russ.)
  4. Korovin B.B., Chervonyuk V.V. O vozmozhnosti regulirovaniya urovnya vynuzhdennykh kolebaniy lopatok turbomashin s pomoshch'yu upravlyaemogo vozdeystviya na potok. V sb.: «Vibratsionnaya prochnost' i nadezhnost' dvigateley i sistem letatel'nykh apparatov». Kuybyshev: Kuybyshev Aviation Institute Publ., 1983. P. 79-84. (In Russ.)
  5. Chervonyuk V.V. Prichiny vibroaktivnosti GTD v komponovke letatel'nogo apparata i metodologiya letnykh vibratsionnykh ispytaniy i obespecheniya ekspluatatsionnogo vibrokontrolya aviatsionnykh dvigateley. Diss. … doktora tekhn. nauk [Causes of aircraft gas turbine engine vibration activity, methodology of flight vibration tests and ensuring aviation engine vibration monitoring in flight operation]. Zhukovsky, 1991. 308 p.
  6. Chervonyuk V.V., Akopyan E.G. Individual'nyy kontrol' dvigateley D-30KP kak sostavnaya chast' resursosberegayushchey ekspluatatsii samoletov Il-76 aviakompanii «Ilavia». Trudy mezhdunarodnogo nauchno-technicheskogo simpoziuma «Aviatsyonnye technologii 21 veka» (August, 17-22, 1999, Zhukovsky, Russian Federation). Zhukovsky: Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute Publ., 1999.

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