Technological future of Russia: the challenge of the “third nature”

Abstract

The article discusses the technological development of Russia in the light of the tasks set by the National Technological Initiative. The subject of discussion and analysis is the logic of the development of the innovation ecosystem of the Russian Federation, the problem of anticipating the world trends in technical and economic development and the global issue of the grounds for making state decisions in the spheres of science, economy and education. It is shown that solving the task of developing a technological innovation ecosystem requires involvement not only of managers and specialists in engineering development, but also philosophers, sociologists, historians. The purpose of the article is to show the transformation of the technical and economic balance of society, inevitable in the conditions of explosive technological growth, to isolate and analyze the basic stages of this transformation, their philosophical foundations and main features. The question of the development of a technological innovation ecosystem in terms of general philosophy is stated as a problem of constructing ontologies that entail significant technological, economic and social transformations. The trial solution of the problem is represented in the form of a scheme of eight stages of development – from the model “Funnel” to the model “Grail” – and is a deductive construction, open to verification and falsification procedures. Verification and approbation of the solution of the problem of the development of technical and economic balance formulated in the article requires the participation of a wide range of specialists in the socio-humanitarian, technical and natural-science fields. The current state of technology and economics on a global scale is characterized as a transition from “second nature” technologies to “third nature” technologies. A consistent model of management of the technical and economic balance, overcoming the current model described by the Stevens-Burley formula is demonstrated. The role and the problem of the person in the conditions of technologies of the second and third nature is emphasized, problems of determining the substance of educational activity concerning the generations that will live in a new technical and economic environment are formulated.

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