Vol 1, No 3 (2021)

Full Issue


Visual syntax in social media

Bylieva D.S.


Modern technologies have fundamentally changed the sphere of communication. One of the interesting social media characteristics is the prevalence of the visual transmission mode. Regardless of the fact that photo-rhetoric in social networks usually lacks complexity and is often limited to the statement of facts, there exist more complex forms of visual syntax. The article analyses the options for creating a twofold semantic conception of images, enabling communication to expand temporally. Moreover, there have been demonstrated the visual metaphors in social networks as exemplified by 2020 gestalt.

Semiotic studies. 2021;1(3):6-12
pages 6-12 views

Signs and meanings of sacrifice in J. K. Rowling’s “Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone”

Serikov A.E., Ryabov V.S.


The article discusses symbolic means that express different meanings of the “victim” concept and the idea of sacrifice in J. K. Rowling’s novel “Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone”. The book’s title refers to the alchemical understanding of a philosopher’s stone as a means of immortality. Since the main purpose of the sacrifice rite is the magic of the appropriate death and rebirth essence, i.e. immortality, the philosopher’s stone can be interpreted as a symbol of sacrifice, and the stages of obtaining it – as the rite stages of selection and preparation of the future victim for her / his sacralization or sanctification. There are at least two criteria for a typical victim, and they are the ones that determine the purity of a soul: the degree of innocence and the severity of the suffering. On a symbolic level the novel describes the transformation of a victim into sacrifice the essence of which is the soul purification. Only innocent victims, who have suffered personally but at the same time did not make other people suffer intentionally, may become a sacrifice. The main characteristic feature of Harry Potter as the novel’s protagonist is his readiness for self-sacrifice, which consists of such components as absence of greed and desire for power, as well as the ability to love, to overcome suffering and fear, to take risks and pose a challenge to prohibitions in the name of love, accepting both victories and defeats.

Semiotic studies. 2021;1(3):13-19
pages 13-19 views

D. Chalmers and J. Perry on Zombie Problem and the Content of Phenomenal Concepts

Moiseeva A.Y.


David Chalmers and John Perry both construe phenomenal concepts as irreducible to descriptive concepts of physical properties or properties, which logically supervene on them. But they draw different conclusions from this point. D. Chalmers in “The Conscious Mind” argues that the epistemic gap between phenomenal and physical properties shows that the former cannot be ontologically identified with the latter. J. Perry in “Knowledge, Possibility and Consciousness” claims that we can identify phenomenal properties with physical ones without being committed to reductionism. In this paper I am going to examine Chalmers’ and Perry’s views on meaning and necessity, especially with respect to identity statements, in order to find where exactly their ways of thinking about the content of phenomenal concepts.

Semiotic studies. 2021;1(3):20-23
pages 20-23 views


Acoustic spaces of Fritz Kater’s dramatic collages

Seibel N.E., Shebelbayn Y.O.


The article examines the “GDR Trilogy” by Fritz Kater as a dramatic collage, characterized by the multiplicity and heterogeneity of its constituent elements, re-coding the meanings of each fragment in the context of the whole, synthesis of various dramatic and epic techniques, elements of music, painting and other types of arts. The relations of connection, repulsion, parallelism, contrast that arise between the scenes in the context of the trilogy are traced. The author’s strategy of constructing an auditory image in the play is described. On the example of the first of the plays “Vineta or Vodomania” / “Vineta or Oderwassersucht”, 2001), the author analyzes the sound score written in the author’s remarks, emphasizing the division of the piece into two parts according to the principle of the golden section. The motive analysis used in the article shows how the extra-musical sound palette of the play, built in the spirit of John Cage, reveals and enhances the motive of loss – the main motive of the first movement, and the silence that occurred in the last scenes helps to highlight the shame-motive that arises in them. Musical fragments of the play are associated with the mythological image of the sunken city, the lost “paradise”, the flourishing Vineta.

Semiotic studies. 2021;1(3):24-32
pages 24-32 views

Media formats of post-drama theater

Boldyreva T.V.


The article is devoted to the study of the question of the existence of post-dramatic performances in the modern media environment, in particular, the media formats of site-specific performances are studied. The purpose of this study is to identify the mechanisms of interactivity, performativity and immersiveness in the media formats of post-drama theater. The article raises the question regarding the meaning of the “media format” concept used in media studies in its connection with theatrical practices. The basic components of the concept of “media format” are the technical characteristics and focus on the target public. The chosen methodology allows us to characterize the technical capabilities of modern media formats for creating the effects of performativity, interactivity and immersiveness. The empirical basis of the research is the podcast “The Theater of Everyday Life. Site-Specific Performances for Everyday Places and Routes” in the mobile application “Yandex Music” and performances in the application “Mobile Art Theater”. The article draws conclusions concerning the influence of technical and verbal means of interaction used in mobile applications and in VR performances on the emergence of the effects of performativity and immersiveness in the minds of the audience. It is pointed out that the mechanics of the performances under consideration are connected with the concepts of A. Artaud and H.-T. Lehman, in particular, draw a conclusion about the role of the audience in such performances.

Semiotic studies. 2021;1(3):33-38
pages 33-38 views

“Us them”: trends in the development of Russian and Belarusian dramaturgy of the last third of the XX ― beginning of the XXI century

Lepisheva E.M.


The article focuses on the features of the dramatic process in Belarus and Russia, studied in a comparative aspect of the Soviet (1970s-1980s) and post-Soviet (1990s – 2010s) periods. Our goal is to identify common and different in the dramaturgical systems of related literatures through the prism of the
key topos of the artistic structure of the works of Russian and Belarusian authors – hero, conflict, chronotope. Methods of comparative studies (comparative analysis of the literary process), as well as historical and literary methods are used to implement the tasks set. The material includes the works of more than 200 Belarusian and Russian playwrights. Russian literature (A. Vampilov, L. Petrushevskaya, N. Kolyada) and Belarusian literature (A. Makayonok, E. Popova, A. Dudarev), separate directions (“new wave” of Russian dramaturgy of the 1970s-1980s), stages of dramaturgical life (“new drama” of the 1990s-2010s), aesthetically controversial development intentions (dramaturgical practice of “netuteyshy” in Belarusian post-Soviet dramaturgy) are given special attention. The scientific novelty of the research is predetermined by the fact that for the first time in literary studies, a comparative analysis of the dynamics of the dramatic process in Belarus and Russia has been undertaken for such a long time – the last four decades.

Semiotic studies. 2021;1(3):39-49
pages 39-49 views


Socio-economic inequality as a key challenge of our modernity

Butkaliuk V.A.


The article is devoted to the study of the causes, essence and social consequences of socio-economic inequality in the modern world. On the basis of an economic-sociological approach, the author investigates the evolution of this phenomenon from the beginning of the implementation of neoliberal reforms to the present. The article proves that the key reason for the intensification of the polarization of income and wealth in recent decades has been the fundamental transformations of the sphere of labor and employment, as well as other economic and political measures implemented within the framework of introducing the principles of neoliberalism into economic practice. The declining share of the labor income within the national income, the blurring of the link between productivity and wage growth, the dismantling of the welfare state and weakening trade unions are the result of the neoliberalization of the global economic system and key drivers of income and wealth differentiation and our modernity of labor inequality.
The article focuses on the study of inequality in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic and the current COVID-crisis. The author comes to the conclusion that the growth of inequality and other social problems as a result of the pandemic was determined mainly by the socio-economic policies of the states of the pre-pandemic period. The COVID-19 pandemic acted as a “social x-ray” that revealed to the world’s population the real state of modern social institutions.

Semiotic studies. 2021;1(3):50-58
pages 50-58 views

Electronic information and educational environment of the University: sociological analysis (as exemplified by Samara National Research University)

Malakanova O.A., Orlova T.P.


The article discusses the concept of electronic information and educational environment of the university and its structure. The features of its implementation are analyzed on the example of Samara National Research University named after academician S.P. Korolev. The article presents the results of a sociological study, the purpose of which has been to point out the specifics of the use of the university’s IEE under conditions of the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as to carry out the research regarding the students’ opinion about the educational features of distance learning process. The following components of EIEE are most often used during distance learning: personal educational account, e-learning system based on Moodle (do.ssau.ru) and the university portal (ssau.ru). The majority of respondents believe that online educational platforms have limited opportunities for interactive interaction between students and teachers. Students suggest to pay attention primarily to the technical equipment of the educational process and the development of free online educational platforms. That is their proposal regarding the optimization of the online learning process.

Semiotic studies. 2021;1(3):59-73
pages 59-73 views

Independent assessment of the work quality of social organizations: evolution of the legislative and methodological frameworks

Baeva E.S.


The article is focused on one of the public participation technologies within the scope of the state processes’ management – an independent assessment of the work quality regarding institutions providing services in the social sphere. The author examines the process of changing the legislative norms governing the process of conducting an independent assessment. The main purpose of the analysis is to demonstrate how the understanding of the object, subject, methodology and methods are changing. The informational background for writing the article is domestic researchers’ data, as well as the author’s own experience as the chairman of the public council for carrying out the independent assessment concerning the terms of service quality of the organizations referring to the social service (Ministry of Socio-Demographic and Social Policy of Samara Region), as well as the status of a representative of the organization-operator. Analyzing the key components of an independent assessment, the author describes the risks of reducing the data quality, expanding the practices of conducting work in a cost-cutting format by operating organizations, emasculating the contents from an independent assessment, and, as a result, the loss of significance related to public control technology.

Semiotic studies. 2021;1(3):74-82
pages 74-82 views

Historiography of Arabic influences on Mozarabic: theory and history (711–1492)

Khosueva S.


The present research focuses on the historiographic aspect of Arabic influence on Mozarabic between 711 and 1492. Among the goals of the present research, we cannot but mention: 1) consideration of the most explored issues in Mozarabic studies; 2) identification of the research centers and names related to Mozarabic studies; 3) systematization of contents of the most significant works and research papers on the above-mentioned topic; 4) review of the language contacts that have taken place during the selected period as reflected in the accessible literature. The studies of this topic are far from being numerous while the trace of medieval Arab Spain remains visible by now in a variety of forms that make the chosen topic relevant. Regarding the outcomes of the work, it has been shown that the problem under analysis is not among the most researched ones; geographically it is mostly connected with Spain; the suggested works of scholars have some noticeable drawbacks and, lastly, the sphere of language contact being applied to the issue is underdeveloped and can be viewed via or on the level of three dimensions: 1) phonetical; 2) lexical and 3) graphical.

Semiotic studies. 2021;1(3):83-91
pages 83-91 views

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