Theoretical and experimental studies of a gas stamping device with a piston pressure multiplier

Abstract


In many industries, the share of small-scale production plants is significant. In these conditions, compared with traditional methods of pressure treatment, pulse pressure treatment methods, one of the varieties of which is gas stamping, are more efficient. However, the known devices of gas stamping provide mainly stamping of thin-walled parts. To expand the technological capabilities of gas stamping, the authors developed a gas stamping device with a piston pressure multiplier, in which heating and deformation of the stamping workpiece is carried out using the energy of combustion of fuel mixtures in the combustion chamber, in the working cylinder and in the cavity of the matrix. This article is devoted to the study of the workflow of this device. Theoretical analysis of the workflow was carried out, and, as a result, a pattern was determined for the variation of the pressure that performs the stamping process in the working cylinder. In particular, it was found that at the final stage of the stamping process, due to the energy of combustion of the fuel mixture, the pressure in the working cylinder increases 1.5...2 times, which allows a significant increase in the thickness of the parts to be stamped. An experimental gas stamping device with a piston pressure multiplier was developed, and experimental studies were carried out. The studies confirmed the main results of the theoretical analysis: the discrepancy between the theoretical and experimental values of the degree of pressure multiplication in the working cylinder does not exceed 11%.


About the authors

A. Yu. Botashev

North Caucasian State Humanitarian Technological Academy

Author for correspondence.
Email: botashev11@mail.ru

Russian Federation

Doctor of Science (Engineering), Professor
Head of the Department of Technological Machines and Materials Processing

R. A. Bayramukov

North Caucasian State Humanitarian Technological Academy

Email: melov.mel@mail.ru

Russian Federation

Postgraduate Student of the Department of Technological Machines
and Materials Processing

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