Multi-satellite Universat-SOCRAT mission for monitoring technogenic and natural hazards

Abstract

The natural and “man-made” space environment generates serious risks for the implementation of space missions, both automatic and human. The main natural and technogenic risk factors that limit or pose a threat to the implementation of space-based automatic and manned space missions in the near-Earth space are cosmic radiation and space debris. In the upper layers of the atmosphere, natural transient electromagnetic phenomena associated with significant energy release are also risk factors for suborbital flights. It is planned to create a system of spacecraft in the proposed “Universat-SOCRAT” project that makes it possible, in a mode close to real-time, to determine the radiation conditions in a significant part of the area of trapped radiation, up to the orbits of global navigation satellite systems or the geostationary orbit. It is also planned to create a space segment of monitoring space debris and electromagnetic transients in the upper atmosphere. Monitoring of space debris will allow all-weather and global tracking of near-Earth objects and, thereby, increase the efficiency of analyzing data and making necessary decisions.  In some cases it will improve the accuracy of determining the coordinates of objects for their subsequent cataloging. Successful realization of the project will make it possible to create a space system for monitoring and preventing space hazards for both ongoing and planned space missions for the first time in the world.

About the authors

V. A. Sadovnichiy

Lomonosov Moscow State University

Author for correspondence.
Email: mmmf@mech.math.msu.su

Doctor of Science (Phys. & Math.), Professor, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences,
Rector 

Russian Federation

M. I. Panasyuk

Lomonosov Moscow State University

Email: panasyuk@sinp.msu.ru

Doctor of Science (Phys. & Math.), Professor
Director of Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics

Russian Federation

V. M. Lipunov

Lomonosov Moscow State University

Email: lipunov2007@gmail.com

Doctor of Science (Phys. & Math.), Professor
Professor of the Physics Department

Russian Federation

A. A. Belov

Lomonosov Moscow State University

Email: aabcad@gmail.com

Candidate of Science (Engineering)
Junior Researcher

Russian Federation

V. V. Bogomolov

Lomonosov Moscow State University

Email: bogovit@rambler.ru

Candidate of Science (Phys. & Math.)
Associate Professor,  Physics Department

Russian Federation

G. K. Garipov

Lomonosov Moscow State University

Email: ggkmsu@yandex.ru

Senior Researcher, Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics

Russian Federation

E. S. Gorbovskoi

Lomonosov Moscow State University

Email: gorbovskoy@sai.msu.ru

Candidate of Science (Phys. & Math.)
Senior Researcher, Sternberg Astronomical Institute

Russian Federation

A. F. Iyudin

Lomonosov Moscow State University

Email: aiyudin@srd.sinp.msu.ru

Doctor of Science (Phys. & Math.), Associate Professor
Head of Laboratory, Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics

Russian Federation

V. V. Kalegaev

Lomonosov Moscow State University

Email: klg@dec1.sinp.msu.ru

Doctor of Science (Phys. & Math.)
Head of Laboratory, Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics

Russian Federation

P. A. Klimov

Lomonosov Moscow State University

Email: pavel.klimov@gmail.com

Candidate of Science (Phys. & Math.)
Head of Laboratory, Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics

Russian Federation

V. G. Kornilov

Lomonosov Moscow State University

Email: victor@sai.msu.ru

Doctor of Science (Phys. & Math.), Associate Professor
Associate Professor of the Physics Department

Russian Federation

S. K. Mit

Lomonosov Moscow State University

Email: msergey1996@mail.ru

Software Developer, Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics

Russian Federation

V. I. Osedlo

Lomonosov Moscow State University

Email: osedlo@mail.ru

Candidate of Science (Phys. & Math.)
Deputy Director of Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics

Russian Federation

V. L. Petrov

Lomonosov Moscow State University

Email: vas@srd.sinp.msu.ru

Junior Researcher, Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics

Russian Federation

M. V. Podzolko

Lomonosov Moscow State University

Email: spacerad@mail.ru

Candidate of Science (Phys.& Math.)
Researcher, Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics

Russian Federation

E. P. Popova

Schmidt Institute of Physics of the Earth of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Email: popovaelp@mail.ru

Candidate of Science (Phys. & Math.)
Leading Researcher

Russian Federation

I. A. Rubinshtein

Lomonosov Moscow State University

Email: iarubinst@mail.ru

Candidate of Science (Engineering)
Leading Researcher, Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics

Russian Federation

S. I. Svertilov

Lomonosov Moscow State University

Email: sis@coronas.ru

Doctor of Science (Phys. & Math.), Associate Professor
Professor of the Physics Department

Russian Federation

V. I. Tulupov

Lomonosov Moscow State University

Email: ikt0840@mail.ru

Candidate of Science (Phys. & Math.)
Senior Researcher, Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics

Russian Federation

A. S. Chepurnov

Lomonosov Moscow State University

Email: chas@marathon.ru

Candidate of Science (Phys. & Math.)
Senior Researcher, Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics

Russian Federation

I. V. Yashin

Lomonosov Moscow State University

Email: iv_n@bk.ru

Candidate of Science (Phys. & Math.)
Leading Researcher, Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics

Russian Federation

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