Small spacecraft for the registration of micrometeorites and space debris

Abstract

Small spacecraft (SSC) is exposed to fluxes of micrometeoroids and space debris during its flight in space environment. These effects may result in the destruction of the SSC. The article describes the design of the SSC for the registration of micrometeoroids and space debris. The SSC is made up of the orientation system, detectors of micrometeoroids and space debris particles based on microchannel plates. A 3D-model of SSC has been developed and its full-scale mockup has been made. The method of measuring registration of micrometeoroids and space debris particles is based on the measurement of the ion current of shock plasma that is formed in the particle’s hypervelocity impact with the detector target (solar batteries and the film stretched between them). The great area of the detector target increases the probability of its interaction with high-velocity micro-particles and increases the efficiency of the detector.

About the authors

N. D. Semkin

Samara State Aerospace University

Author for correspondence.
Email: semkin@ssau.ru

Doctor of Science (Engineering)
Head of the Department of Design and Technology of Electronic Systems and Devices

Russian Federation

А. М. Telegin

Samara State Aerospace University

Email: talex85@ssau.ru

Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences
Assistant Professor of the Department of Design and Technology of Electronic Systems and Devices

Russian Federation

A. S. Vidmanov

Samara State Aerospace University

Email: jkt13@rambler.ru

Postgraduate student
D
epartment of Design and Technology of Electronic Systems and Devices

Russian Federation

References

  1. Semkin N.D., Telegin A.M. Preobrazovateli informatsii v elektronnykh ustroystvakh bortovykh system [Information transducers in electronic devices of on-board systems: Textbook]. Samara: Samara State Aerospace University Publ., 2012. 307 p.
  2. Semkin N.D., Telegin A.M., Vergunets K.I., Kalaev M.P., Voronov K.E., Abrashkin V.I. Ustroystvo registratsii parametrov mikrometeoroidov i kosmicheskogo musora [Device for recording parameters of micrometeoroids and space junk]. Patent RF, no. 2456639, 2012. (Publ.20.07.2012).
  3. Semkin N.D., Telegin A.M. Small spacecraft to register micrometeoroids and space debris. Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Manufacturing Engineering and Technology for Manufacturing Growth (METMG 2015). Canada, Vancouver, 2015. P. 46-49.
  4. Friichtenicht J.F., Slattery J.C. Ionization associated with hypervelocity impact. Symposium on Hypervelocity Impact Proceedings. 1963. V. 2, part 2. P. 591-612.

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