Calculation methods of investigating the surface layer of thin-walled shafts hardened by methods of surface plastic deformation

Abstract

Calculation methods of investigating the residual stress-strain state of the surface layer of shafts hardened by shot peening and diamond burnishing are discussed in the paper. Shafts manufactured at aircraft plants are mostly thin-walled. In addition high requirements are imposed on the accuracy of their geometric dimensions and shape. Ensuring the fatigue resistance of shafts is achieved by applying hardening treatment. Hardening treatment residual stresses result in residual deformation of shafts often exceeding manufacturing tolerances. The models and approaches proposed in this paper make it possible to predict computationally the residual stress-strain state of the surface layer after diamond burnishing as well as technological residual deformations of the shafts caused by residual stress. They also allow adjusting the modes of shot peening and diamond burnishing at the stage of process development. The work was carried out for a shaft made of VT-22 and EP517-SH materials. The results of the investigation show that the use of preliminary numerical analysis of treatment modes makes it possible to ensure residual deformations of the most critical sections of the shafts and seating surfaces for bearings within manufacturing tolerances and also to reduce tensile residual stress on the shaft surface after diamond burnishing.

About the authors

A. S. Bukaty

Samara State Aerospace University

Author for correspondence.
Email: bukaty@inbox.ru

Candidate of Science (Engineering)

Associate Professor

Russian Federation

A. N. Shvetsov

Samara State Aerospace University

Email: shvecovalexey@yandex.ru

Assistant

Russian Federation

References

  1. Bukaty A.S., Stogov S.V., Ivanov A.A. Optimization of shot peening regimes of precision parts based on the energy of the surface plastically deformed layer. International Conference «Strength of Materials and Structural Elements: Proceedings». V. 1. Kiev: Institute for Problems of Strength Publ., 2011. P. 56-57. (In Russ.)
  2. Bukaty S.A., Bukaty A.S. Automated system for determining residual stresses. Proceedings of the XXXVIII international «Mechanics and control processes». V. 1. Ekaterinburg-Miass: Russian Academy of Sciences Ural Branch Publ., 2008. P. 191-194. (In Russ.)
  3. Bukaty S.A., Bukaty A.S. Energy method to determine the rational regimes of hardening of thin-walled and small-hard turbine engine parts by surface plastic deformation. Aviatsionno-kosmicheskaya tekhnika i tekhnologiya. 2009. No. 10(67). P. 45-49.(In Russ.)
  4. Bukaty S.A., Ivanov S.I. Izmenenie razmerov tonkostennogo vala posle uprochnyayushchey obrabotki poverkhnosti. Sbornik nauchnykh trudov «Voprosy prochnosti i dolgovechnosti elementov aviatsionnykh konstruktsiy». V. 3. Kuibyshev: Kuibyshev Aviation Institute Publ., 1977. P. 83-87. (In Russ.)
  5. Shvetsov A.N. Skuratov D.L. Analiz rezul'tatov modelirovaniya almaznogo vyglazhivaniya otverstiy sredstvami CAE-tekhnologiy v programnom komplekse ANSYS. Materialy Vserosiyskoy nauchno-tekhnicheskoy konferentsii s mezhduna-rodnym uchastiem «Vysokie tekhnologii v mashinostroenii». Samara: Samara State Technical University Publ., 2011. P. 34-36. (In Russ.)
  6. Shvetsov A.N. Stress-strain state modeling of surface layer of part at the diamond smoothing in ANSYS. Fundamental and applied problems in the modeling of modern engineering and metallurgy. Collection of scientific works. Part 2. Lipetsk: Lipetsk State Technical. University Publ., 2012. P. 49-53. (In Russ.)

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