Choice of design characteristics of «garbage collector» spacecraft with a low-thrust electrojet engine

Abstract


The paper is devoted to the problem of debris in the near-Earth space. We investigate a method of cleaning the space of large fragments of space debris using a “garbage collector” spacecraft with a low- thrust electrojet engine. A mass model of one-shot and shuttle spacecraft has been constructed. A mission trajectory plan is presented that includes the spacecraft flight from the parking orbit to that of debris location, its descent to the surface of the Earth and the return of reusable spacecraft to the parking orbit. Analytical relationships for the calculation of the spacecraft design parameters have been obtained for the proposed criterion for evaluating the effectiveness of the logistic space mission and the assumption about constant thrust acceleration. The results of calculation of the design parameters are summarized.


About the authors

S. A. Ishkov

Samara State Aerospace University

Author for correspondence.
Email: ishkov@ssau.ru

Russian Federation

Doctor of Science (Engineering)

Professor of the Department of Spacecraft Design

G. A. Filippov

Samara State Aerospace University

Email: ssau@ssau.ru

Russian Federation

Engineer

References

  1. Venjaminov S.S., Chervonov A.M. Kosmicheskiy musor – ugroza chelovechestvy [Space debris - a Threat to Mankind]. Moscow: IKI RAN Publ., 2012. 192 p.
  2. Alpatov A.P., Gusynin V.P. Space vehicle with electric thruster for gathering fine space debris // 59th International Astronautical Congress 2008, IAC 2008; Glasgow; United Kingdom. V. 4. С. 2494-2497.
  3. Miklashevskaya A. Shvejcaria zayjmetsja uborkoyj v kosmose [Switzerland will clean the space] // Kommersant – Online, 2012.
  4. Ishkov S.A. Metodicheskie osnovyi formirovaniya proektnyih harakteristik kosmicheskogo apparata – sborschika musora s elektroraketnyimi dvigatelyami maloy tyagi [Methodical bases of formation of the design characteristics of the spacecraft - the garbage collector with electrorocket thrusters] // Sbornik trudov XVI Vserossiyskogo seminara po upravleniyu dvizheniem i navigatsii letatel'nykh apparatov. Part 2. Samara: SNTs RAN Publ., P. 3-8. (In Russ.)
  5. Salmin V.V., Starinova O.L., Ishkov S.A. Metodyi resheniya variatsionnyih zadach mehaniki kosmicheskogo polyota s maloy tyagoy [Methods of solving variational problems in low-thrust space mission mechanics]. Samara: SNTs RAN Publ., 2006. 164 p.

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