Ontology description languages for high-tech fields of applied engineering


The main task of ontology description languages is to describe semantics of domain data. Nowadays, ontology is the most common form of representation of semantically-interconnected data. Ontology consists of a set of concepts in a domain and relations between them. In this paper we consider the problems of existing toolkits for creating semantically-interconnected data storages for engineering domains and propose a solution in the form of an ontology. A modern approach to the classification of assets for ontology engineering is presented. The strengths and weaknesses of the approaches described are highlighted. The paper describes problems of structuring data in the engineering domain and the ways they can be solved using ontologies. A brief review of the common ontology description languages is given. Examples of the applied ontological approach in the database creation in the airspace engineering domain are presented. XML and HTML are highlighted as the most widespread languages in the description of subject areas in modern information systems. The OWL ontology description language is described in detail as the most promising ontology description language recommended by the W3C. Varieties of the OWL language are described in terms of their applicability to solving various problems of describing engineering domains taking into account the limitations of descriptive ability and complexity of the syntax of each version. Examples of the use of the OWL language in engineering domains are given.

About the authors

E. E. Burakova

Samara State Aerospace University

Author for correspondence.
Email: bee_2004@mail.ru

Undergraduate student

Russian Federation

N. M. Borgest

Samara State Aerospace University

Email: borgest@yandex.ru

Candidate of Science (Engineering)

Professor, Department of Aircraft Design

Russian Federation

M. D. Korovin

Samara State Aerospace University

Email: maks.korovin@gmail.com

Postgraduate  student, Department of Aircraft  Design

Russian Federation


  1. Ontology Summit 2013 Communique. Towards Ontology Evaluation across the Life Cycle. Available at: http://ontolog.cim3.net/cgi-bin/wiki.pl?OntologySummit2013_Communique
  2. Conservative groupoids recognize only regular languages. Available at: http://www.academia.edu/9200925/Conservative_groupoids_recognize_only_regular_languages_Extended_Version
  3. Gellish А. Product Modeling Language. Available at: http://sourceforge.net/apps/trac/gellish/#a5.1TheGellishlanguage
  4. Orlando Chiarello, Dr. Knezevic Jezdimir The Role of Simplified Technical // English in Aviation Maintenance. 2013. No. 2. P. 36-38.
  5. ASD Simplified Technical English-Specification ASD-STE100. Available at: http://www.asd-ste100.org
  6. Simplified English. Available at: http://www.aecma.ru/
  7. Semantic Information Modeling in Formal English. Available at: http://www.gellish.net/
  8. Oscar Corcho. A Roadmap to Ontology Specification Languages. Available at: http://www.gellish.net/
  9. Kazekin М.М. Istorya yazikov predstavleniya ontologii [History of the ontology description languages]. Available at: http://www.ict.edu.ru/ft/006054/2008_4_03-11.pdf
  10. Knowledge Interchange Format. Available at: http://www.ksl.stanford.edu/knowledge-sharing/kif/
  11. CycL Syntax. Available at: http://www.cyc.com/cyc/cycl/syntax
  12. Negoda D. Yaziki predsavleniya ontologii [Ontology description languages]. Available at: http://callisto.nsu.ru/documentation/CSIR/qmeta/rus_237.pdf
  13. Share: News and Opinions about HTML. Available at: http://www.w3.org/html/
  14. Steven Pemberton. XHTML 1.0 The Extensible Hyper Text Markup Language. Available at: http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/
  15. Soshnikov D. Software Toolkit for Building Embedded and Distributed Knowledge-Based Systems // In Proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop on Computer Science and Information Technologies CSIT´ 2000. Ufa, 2000. P. 103-111.
  16. Klein Graham. Resource description framework (RDF): Concepts and basic syntax. Available at: http://www.w3.org/2007/03/rdf_concepts_ru/
  17. Brickly Dan. RDF Vocabulary Description Language 1.0: RDF Schema. Available at: http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-schema-20040210
  18. Unified Modeling Language. Available at: http://www-01.ibm.com/software/rational/uml/
  19. SysML Open Source Specification Project. Available at: http://www.sysml.org/
  20. Prudhommuks Eric. SPARQL query language for RDF. Available at: http://www.cambridgesemantics.com/semantic-university/sparql-by-example
  21. Kalyanpur A. OWL: Capturing Semantic Information using a Standardized Web Ontology Language // Multilingual Computing & Technology Magazine. 2004. V. 15, issue 7. Available at: http://www.mindswap.org/papers/MultiLing.pdf (accessed 20.05.2011)
  22. OWL Web Ontology Language Guide. Available at: http://www.w3.org/TR/owl-guide/
  23. OWL Web Ontology Language Use Cases and Requirements. Available at: http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-webont-req-20040210/#onto-def
  24. Trofimov I.V. Evolutsiya vyrazitelnyh sposobnostey yazika OWL [Evolution of the OWL language description capabilities]. Available at: http://psta.psiras.ru/read/psta2011_4_85-94.pdf
  25. Steven Jenkins. Ontologies and Model-Based Systems Engineering // IN-COSE IW 2010 MBSE Workshop. California Institute of technology: Jet Propulsion Laboratory. February 2010.
  26. NASA Exploration Information Ontology Model (NEхIOM) primer and vision. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Headquarters Washington DC 20546. Washington, 2005. 18 p.
  27. Alexander Kossiakoff. Systems engineering: principles and practice. Available at: http://www.incose.org/ProductsPubs/pdf/SEVision2020_20071003_v2_03.pdf
  28. Welcome to protégé. Available at: http://protege.stanford.edu/
  29. Lutzkiy M.G. Ontology development of aviation security // Engineering Software. 2010. No. 4. P. 56-62.
  30. Borgest N.M., Gromov A.A., Moreno R.H., Korovin M.D., Shustova D.V., Odintsova S.A., Knyazihina Y.E. Robot-designer: fantasy and reality // Ontology of designing. 2012. No. 4. P. 73-94. (In Russ.)



Abstract: 3539

PDF (Russian): 2283




  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2015 VESTNIK of the Samara State Aerospace University

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies