Thermal treatment effect on the mechanical properties of 1570, 1580 and 1590 aluminum alloys

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The study addresses the effect of thermal treatment on the mechanical properties and grain size of magnesium rich alloys with small scandium additions 1570, 1580 and 1590. The effect of preheat temperature (within 260…440 °С range) and soaking time (within 2 – 100 hours range) on yield strength, tensile strength and relative elongation of the alloys under investigation  was analyzed. Mechanical properties were determined using uniaxial tensile tests in accordance with ISO 6892-1. In addition, for some modes the microstructure was studied for Al3Mg2 β-phase presence and distribution by optical metallography methods depending on thermal treatment conditions. The studies demonstrated that supersaturated solid solution in the 1570 alloy decomposes faster in the entire studied temperature range, and after 48 hours soaking, its strength properties start degrading. At the same time, the 1580 and 1590 alloys are much more thermally stable, with slightly lower yield strength after long soaking time, while tensile strength remains unchanged. The conditions of 260 °C annealing temperature are not favorable for plastic properties, severely degrading (due to β-phase formation) in the 1570 and 1580 alloys. Plastic properties degradation is not so evident at higher soaking temperature, however, the 1590 alloy maintains the highest plasticity indices.

About the authors

E. V. Aryshensky

Samara National Research University

Author for correspondence.
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3875-7749
Russian Federation

V. Yu. Aryshensky

Samara National Research University;
Arconic SMZ, Samara

ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6869-4764

Doctor of Science (Engineering), Professor, Chief Researcher of Research Laboratory No. 4;
Chief Roller Operator

Russian Federation

A. М. Drits

Samara National Research University;
Arconic SMZ, Samara

ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9468-8736

Candidate of Science (Engineering), Leading Researcher
of Research Laboratory No. 4;
Director of Business Development and New Technologies

Russian Federation

F. V. Grechnikov

Samara National Research University

ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3767-4004

Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Science (Engineering), Head of the Department of Metal Forming

Russian Federation

A. A. Ragazin

Samara National Research University;
Arconic SMZ, Samara

ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6762-7436

Postgraduate Student of the Department of Metal Technology and Aviation Materials, Engineer of Research Laboratory No. 4;
Leading Industrial Engineer

Russian Federation


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