Structural features and specifics of abbreviations in the professional discourse (vocabulary of the nuclear industry reviewed)

Abstract

The article identifies three principles of classification of initial and mixed abbreviations relating to the vocabulary of the nuclear industry: according to their lexical and grammatical category (appellatives, nomens, onyms), their pronunciation (alphabetism and acronyms) and their origin (proper and borrowed abbreviations). The types and characteristics of abbreviations are studied by means of the descriptive, contextual, pragmatic and structural methods in order to identify their specific features which are likely to denote the abbreviations of the professional discourse. The sample language material includes the vocabulary of the nuclear industry. The outcomes of the research make it possible to draw the following conclusions about the general and specific characteristics of abbreviations in professional discourse: 1) according to the communicative-discursive approach, the abbreviation process ensures the success of a communicative act providing the idea to be short and clear; 2) the use of abbreviations outside the professional discourse can lead to communicative failure due to the existing discursive antinomy «friend or foe» that defines professional language users and people irrelevant to the professional discourse; 3) the abbreviations-appellatives are likely to predominate due to long-word terms as a characteristic of a developing industry and a young terminological system; 4) the numerical or alphabetic part of abbreviations is seen as their specific features that can make sense for professionals and absolutely vague for the rest of native speakers; 5) abbreviations-onyms, including ergonyms and chrematonyms, follow the general linguistic trends; 6) alphabetisms come over acronyms that is non-typical for Modern Russian and is caused by a great number of long-word terms, often including abbreviations with hard-to-pronounce sound combinations, as well as preserving the informational significance of components or provoking homonymous repulsion processes.

 

About the authors

N. B. Feldman

Vladimir State University named after Alexander and Nikolay Stoletovs, Vladimir, Russian Federation; Vladimir Information Center of Nuclear Energy (ICONE), Vladimir, Russian Federation

Author for correspondence.
Email: morenov@ssau.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0354-3778

post-graduate student, Department of Russian Language, Pedagogical Institute, Vladimir State University named after Аlexander and Nikolay Stoletovs,
87, Gorky Street, Vladimir, 600000, Russian Federation; Vladimir Information Center of Nuclear Energy (ICONE)

References

  1. Zerkina, Kostina, Pitina 2015 – Natalia Zerkina, Nikolaevna Kostina and Svetlana Anatol’evna Pitina (2015) Abbreviation Semantics. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 199, issue 1, pp. 137–142. doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.07.497.
  2. Annisette 2017 – Marcia Annisette (2017) Discourse of the professions: The making, normalizing and taming of Ontario's «foreign-trained accountant». Accounting, Organizations and Society, vol. 60 (С), pp. 37–61. doi: 10.1016/j.aos.2017.06.006.
  3. Koriche 2015 – Hassiba Koriche (2015) The Emergence of a New Discourse for Business Communication, ‘A Case Study of e-mails in Shipping Company’. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 199, pp. 539–547. doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.07.544.
  4. Kuzmina, Fominykh, Abrosimova 2015 – Olga D. Kuzmina, Anna D. Fominykh and Natalia A. Abrosimova (2015) Problems of the English Abbreviations in Medical Translation. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 199, pp. 548–554. doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.07.545.
  5. Zharkova 2012 – Zharkova T.I. (2012) Abbreviation in intercultural business communication. Bulletin of IGLU, no. 2, pp. 22–27. Available at: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/abbreviatura-v-mezhkulturnoy-delovoy-kommunikatsii. (In Russ.)
  6. Kukhno 2016 – Kukhno I.Yu. (2016) Communicative-pragmatic and cognitive aspects of the study of the term. Vestnik Samarskogo universiteta. Istoriia, pedagogika, filologiia = Vestnik of Samara University. History, pedagogics, philology, no. 2, pp. 204–207. Available at: https://journals.ssau.ru/index.php/hpp/article/view/4251. (In Russ.)
  7. Leychik 2009 – Leychik V.M. (2009) People and words: How words are generated and developed in Russian, G.V. Stepanov (Ed.). 2nd edition, revised and enlarged. Moscow: Knizhnyi dom «LIBROKOM», 216 p. (In Russ.)
  8. Maksimenko 2017 – Maksimenko O.I. (2017) New abbreviation tendencies (in Russian, English and German languages). RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 174–181. doi: 10.22363/2313-2299-2017-8-1-174-181. (In Russ.)
  9. Romanova 2012 – Romanova L.G. (2012) Semantic potential of abbreviations in political discourse. Proceedings of Irkutsk State Technical University, no. 5 (64), pp. 352–355. Available at: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=17749621. (In Russ.)
  10. Superanskaya 2009 – Superanskaya A.V. (2009) General terminology: Theoretic problems. T.L. Kandelaki (Ed.). 5th edition. Moscow: Knizhnyi dom «LIBROKOM», 248 p. Available at: http://padabum.com/d.php?id=30658. (In Russ.)
  11. Khodzhagel’dyev, Shurupova 2016 – Khodzhagel'dyev B.D., Shurupova O.S. (2016) Specifics of borrowing English abbreviations. Philology. Theory & Practice. Tambov: Gramota, no. 12 (66): in 4 parts. Part 1, pp. 186–188. Available at: https://www.gramota.net/materials/2/2016/12-1/55.html. (In Russ.)
  12. Shumarin 2011 – Shumarin S.I. (2011) Lexicographic presentation of semantic and derivational processes in abbreviation. Journal of Historical, Philological and Cultural Studies, 2011, no. 3 (33), pp. 94–96. Available at: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=17072403. (In Russ.)
  13. Person and His Discourse – 4 2014 – Zheltukhina M.R. (Ed.) (2014) Person and His Discourse – 4. Multi-authored monograph. Moscow: IIaRAN; Izdatel'skii tsentr «Azbukovnik», 398 p. Available at: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=23856432. (In Russ.)
  14. Yudina, Kotlyarova 2019 – Yudina N.V., Kotlyarova O.V. (2019) Language Portrait of a Civil Servant: Regional Aspect: monograph. Vladimir: Vladimirskii filial RANKhiGS, 208 p. Available at: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=37225140. (In Russ.)
  15. Yarmashevich 2013 – Yarmashevich M.A. (2013) Structure and Semantics of Abbreviation. Izvestiya of Saratov university. New series. Series: Philology. Journalism, vol. 13, issue 3, pp. 3–5. Available at: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=25368997. (In Russ.)
  16. Yarmashevich 2019 – Yarmashevich M.A. (2019) Structural Characteristics of Russian Graphic-Lexical Abbreviations. Izvestiya of Saratov university. New series. Series: Philology. Journalism, vol. 19, issue 3, pp. 261–267. doi: 10.18500/1817-7115-2019-19-3-261-267. (In Russ.)

Statistics

Views

Abstract: 165

PDF (Russian): 78

Dimensions

PlumX

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Feldman N.B.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies