Personalized professional orientation of schoolchildren: designing self-realization in activities


The article authors discusse the methodology of a fundamentally new organization of preparing schoolchildren for a conscious orientation in a rapidly changing professional environment, the essence of which is the formation of the schoolchildren’s ability to meaningfully construct invariants of their professional activity, providing an actual change in the state of the object in the process of putting forward and implementing their own ideas. The expediency of introducing the discipline «WORLD of activity» into the curriculum is proved, the content of which is aimed at creating a holistic parametric model of the subject’s professional activity and the meaningful implementation of the axiomatic relationship of changes in the structure of the activity with changes in the state of the object’s parameters in a real environment. The development mechanism of a schoolchildren’s ability to carry out the transformation and design of activities in the process of update the relationship of activity directions is described: industrial, environmental, scientific, artistic, managerial, pedagogical, medical, physical, need, goal, self-determination, norms, criteria, content, methods, personal abilities, and ways of working. It is argued that the conscious management of the selection of the relationship of directions of activity and their contextual filling with information that reflects the state and changes in the environment of activity allows the schoolchildren to develop original ideas and create many options for their implementation, to discover a wide range of professional trajectories and opportunities for self-realization in activities. The indicators of productivity of personalized professional orientation of schoolchildren were revealed: an increase in the productivity of intellectual activity, an increase in personal motivation and a personal need for predicting promising areas and types of activity, a decrease in unproductive memory load about the knowledge about well-known areas of activity and professions, real-time construction of professional activities in the chosen field.


About the authors

N. M. Melnik

Samara State Technical University, Samara, Russian Federation

Author for correspondence.
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2422-954X

Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, associate professor, associate professor of the Department of Psychology and Pedagogy, Samara State Technical University

V. M. Nesterenko

Samara State Technical University, Samara, Russian Federation

ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1381-6992

Doctor of Pedagogical Sciences, professor, professor of the Department of Psychology and Pedagogy, Samara State Technical University


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