SOMATIC METAPHOR (CASE STUDY OF THE ENGLISH AND SPANISH LANGUAGES)

Abstract

This article discusses various definitions of the concepts of metaphor and metaphorical model. The meaning of the somatic metaphor in sports discourse is analyzed. Subspecies of somatic metaphor - physiological metaphor, morbial metaphor and social metaphor are identified. Conclusions about similarities and differences of the English and Spanish sports discourses are made. A large number of metaphors are created in the areas of language functioning that are in the center of special public attention, and on issues that are debatable in society, such as politics, economics, ecology, etc.

Modern linguistic studies, interpreting metaphor as a mental and cognitive phenomenon, make it possible to speak about the universality of metaphor, its presence in the conceptual structures of human thinking.

The study used the methods of analysis and synthesis, the method of comparison. Work has been done on the study of somatic metaphors in English and Spanish; comparisons of physiological metaphors, morbial metaphors and social metaphors are made in the sports discourse of Spanish and English.

In the course of study, it was found out that the physiological metaphor is used both in English and in Spanish, but differs by objects of comparison, i.e. those with which parts of the body the association takes place. If in English sports discourse such parts of the body as head and face are the source of metaphorical images, in the Spanish version bones and muscles dominate.

Consequently, the widespread use of anthropomorphic metaphor in the texts of Hispanic media is not accidental. Possessing all these properties, sport functions as an organism. This gives grounds for highlighting the metaphoric model “SPORT-BODY”, within which we can say that the names of body parts can be a source of metaphors in sports discourse.

About the authors

Yu. A. Shekhovskaya

University of Tyumen

Author for correspondence.
Email: morenov@ssau.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7045-4310

postgraduate student of the 2nd year of study, Department of the English Language

A. V. Peretyatko

Lomonosov Moscow State University

Email: morenov@ssau.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1381-6992

postgraduate student of the 2nd year of study, Department of Spanish Language

References

  1. Arutyunova 1990 – Arutyunova N.D. Diskurs [Discourse]. In: Lingvisticheskii entsiklopedicheskii slovar’ [Linguistic encyclopaedic dictionary]. M.: Sov. Entsiklopediya, 1990, pp. 136–137. Available at: http://tapemark.narod.ru/les/136g.html [in Russian].
  2. Wenchong 2016 – Wenchong L. Ustoichivye slovesnye kompleksy v raznykh vidakh sportivnogo diskursa [Steady verbal complexes in different types of the sports discourse]. Nauchnyi zhurnal KubGAU [Scientific Journal of KubSAU], 2016, no. 115(01). Available at: http://ej.kubagro.ru/2016/01/pdf/05.pdf
  3. [accessed 26.03.2019] [in Russian].
  4. Glazunova 2002 – Glazunova O.I. Logika metaforicheskikh preobrazovanii [Logic of metaphorical transformations]. SPb.: Piter, 2002, 190 p. Available at: http://philology.ru/linguistics1/glazunova-00.htm [in Russian].
  5. Zilbert 2001 – Zilbert A.B. Sportivnyi diskurs: tochki peresecheniya s drugimi diskursami (problemy intertekstual’nosti) [Sports Discourse: Intersection Points with Other Discourses (Intertextual Problems)]. In: Yazyk, soznanie, kommunikatsiya [Language, consciousness, communication]. M., 2001, Issue 19, pp. 103–112. Available at: https://www.philol.msu.ru/~slavphil/books/jsk_19_09zilbert.pdf [in Russian].
  6. Komarova 2004 – Komarova A.I. Funktsional'naya stilistika yazyka: Yazyk nauchnogo obshchestva, yazyk dlya spetsial’nykh tselei (LSP) [Functional Stylistics of the Language: Language of Scientific Society, Language for Specific Purposes (LSP)]. M.: URSS, 2004 [in Russian].
  7. Kudrin 2011 – Kudrin S.A. Bazovye metafory sportivnogo diskursa kak tekstoporozhdayushchie modeli: avtoref. dis. … kand. filol. nauk: 10.02.19 [Basic sports discourse metaphors as text-generating models: author’s abstract of Candidate’s of Philological Sciences thesis: 10.02.19]. M., 2011, 20 p. Available at: https://www.philol.msu.ru/~ref/avtoreferat2011/kudrin.pdf [in Russian].
  8. Lakoff, Johnson 2004 – Lakoff G., Johnson M. Metafory, kotorymi my zhivem [Metaphors We Live By]. M., 2004. Available at: http://philology.ru/linguistics1/lakoff-johnson-90.htm [in Russian].
  9. Mangutova – Mangutova V.R. Sportivnyi diskurs i ego uchastniki [Sports Discourse and Its Participants]. Available at: http://www.acis.vis.ru (accessed 26.03.2019) [in Russian].
  10. Maslova 2017 – Maslova A.S. Perevod voennoi metafory v sportivnom diskurse (na materiale angliiskikh SMI) [Translation of military metaphor in sports discourse (on the material of the British media)]. In: Nauchnoe soobshchestvo studentov: Mezhdistsiplinarnye issledovaniya: sb. st. po mat. XIV mezhdunar. stud. nauch.-prakt. konf. [Scientific community of students: Interdisciplinary research: collection of articles according to the materials of the XIV International student research and practical conference], 2017, no. 3 (14), pp. 30–39. Available at: https://sibac.info/studconf/science/xiv/68373 [in Russian].
  11. Pankratova 2005 – Pankratova O.A. Lingvosemioticheskie kharakteristiki sportivnogo diskursa: dis. ... kand. filol. nauk: 10.02.19 [Linguo-semiotic characteristics of sports discourse: Candidate’s of Philological Sciences thesis: 10.02.19]. Volgograd, 2005, 223 p. Available at: http://www.dslib.net/jazyko-znanie/lingvosemioticheskie-harakteristiki-sportivnogo-diskursa.html [in Russian].
  12. Sklyarevskaya 1993 – Sklyarevskaya G.N. Metafora v sisteme yazyka [Metaphor in the language system]. SPb.: Nauka, 1993, 150 p. Available at: https://docplayer.ru/46627316-Metafora-v-sisteme-yazyka.html [in Russian].
  13. Sidel’nikova 2016 – Sidel'nikova M.N. Morbial’naya metafora kak sredstvo razvenchivaniya liberal’noi ideologii v sovremennom politicheskom diskurse sportivnykh SMI [Morbial metaphor as a means of liberal ideology discrediting in the contemporary political discourse of the Russian mass-media]. Filologicheskie nauki. Voprosy teorii i praktiki (vkhodit v perechen’ VAK) [Filological Sciences. Issues of Theory and Practice]. Tambov: Gramota, 2016, no. 6, Part 2, pp. 152–155. Available at: http://www.gramota.net/materials/2/2016/6-2/42.html [in Russian].
  14. Chudinov 2008 – Chudinov A.P. Metafora kak sredstvo predstavleniya znaniy [Metaphor as a means of representing knowledge]. In: Mezhd. kongress po kognitivnoi lingvistike: Sb. mat-lov [International congress on cognitive linguistics: Collection of materials]. Tambov: TGU im. G.R. Derzhavina, 2008, pp. 143–144 [in Russian].

Statistics

Views

Abstract: 941

PDF (Russian): 402

Dimensions

PlumX

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Shekhovskaya Y.A., Peretyatko A.V.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies