BEGINNING OF THE WAR: THE 1941 NAVIGATION ON THE RIVERS OF THE EUROPEAN PART OF THE USSR

Abstract


After the war began water ways became one of the most important means of transportation. The goal of the article is to determine the significance of river transportation during the 1941 navigation. The task is to show fulfillment of the target amounts of people and cargo transportation for the Front, as well as transportation of the wounded, civilians and industrial facilities to the rear. The study is based on the objectiveness and historical principles as well as the systematic approach. The general scientific, special historical and quantitative methods were applied. The study uses both published sources and archival ones.

It has been established that after the beginning of the war the significance of river transportation grew dramatically and it came to be of the utmost importance. River cargo traffic and turnover of goods changed, the Volga included. The strategically important goods transportation (oil included) grew. At the same time the amount of ships at river transport organizations (at the Volga organizations particularly) across the country fell sharply due to mobilization for military needs. This greatly affected the amounts of civil cargo and passenger transportation that had to be risen. Besides river transportation suffered from the lack of workforce. Workers were supplied from various sources, the workforce-training system included. Nevertheless this problem had been acute until the war was over.


About the authors

O. A. Gomanenko

Volgograd State University

Author for correspondence.
Email: morenov@ssau.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7045-4310

Candidate of Historical Sciences, associate professor, assisstant professor of the Department of Social Technologies

References

  1. Amusin 1997 – Amusin B.M. Ispol’zovanie rechnogo transporta na frontovykh rechnykh i ozernykh basseinakh v Velikoi Otechestvennoi voine 1941–1945 gg. [Use of river transport on front river and lake basins in the Great Patriotic War. 1941–1945]. Kaliningrad: Tipografiya Kaliningradskogo VVMU, 1997, 202 p. Available at: https://search.rsl.ru/ru/record/01000625242 [in Russian].
  2. Bitva za neft' 1985 – Bitva za neft’: Rechniki «Volgotankera» v bitve za neft’, za Volgu i oborone Stalingrada (neopublikovannaya rukopis’ veteranov parokhodstva «Volgotanker») [The Battle for Oil: River Transport Workers of «Volgotanker» in the Battle for Oil, the Volga and the Defense of Stalingrad (Unpublished Manuscript of Veterans of the Steamship Line «Volgotanker»)]. Kuibyshev, 1985, 229 p. [in Russian].
  3. Gomanenko 2011 – Gomanenko O. Nizhnevolzhskoe rechnoe parokhodstvo v Velikoi Otechestvennoi voine. 1940–1945 gg. [Lower Volga River Steamship Line in the Great Patriotic War. 1940–1945]. Saarbrücken: LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing, 2011, 256 p. Available at: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=25756411 [in Russian].
  4. Istoriya Astrakhanskogo kraya 2000 – Istoriya Astrakhanskogo kraya [History of Astrakhan Region]. Astrakhan: Izd-vo AGPU, 2000, 1122 p. Available at: a href='https://elibrary' target='_blank'>https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=22776294'>https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=22776294 [in Russian].
  5. Matishov, Afanasenko, Krinko, Kurbat 2012 – Matishov G.G., Afanasenko V.I., Krinko E.F., Kurbat T.G. Voina. Yug. Perelom (leto 1942 – osen’ 1943 gg.) [War. South. Fracture (Summer 1942 – Autumn 1943)]. Rostov-on-Don: Izd-vo YuNTs RAN, 2012, 284 p. Available at: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=23779410 [in Russian].
  6. Permyakov 2002 – Permyakov V. Opalennye Volgoi [Scorched by the Volga]. Samara: Danglis, 2002, 449 p. [in Russian].
  7. Shakhovskaya, Boldyrev, Pakhomov 2015 – Shakhovskaya L.S., Boldyrev N.Ju., Pakhomov M.E. Promyshlennost’ i transport Stalingrada i oblasti v gody Velikoi Otechestvennoi voiny [Industry and Transport of Stalingrad and the Region during the Great Patriotic War]. In: Stalingradskaya bitva – «reshayushchii argument» Vtoroi mirovoi voiny (Volgograd, 30 yanvarya 2015 goda): materialy nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii, [The battle of Stalingrad – the «Decisive Argument» of the Second World War: materials of research and practical conference. Volgograd, 30 January 2015]. Volgograd: Izd-vo VOUNB im. M. Gorkogo, 2015, pp. 46–62. Available at: http://www1.vounb.volgograd.ru/elibrary/book/kr_st.pdf [in Russian].

Statistics

Views

Abstract - 52

PDF (Russian) - 25

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

PlumX

Dimensions

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Gomanenko O.A.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies