Cite item


The article is a study of the image of Leo Tolstoy, reflected in the photographic heritage of the great writer, represented by the photo funds of the State Museum of L.N. Tolstoy. Photos are considered in the context of heritage and historical memory. It shows the imprinting and deposition of the image of Tolstoy by a variety of people who create the context of historical memory. At the same time, special attention is paid to the photographic image of the writer created by his wife S.A. Tolstaya. It turns out that the image of the young Tolstoy appear at the same time with the advent of photography in Russia. It is established that in connection with the expansion of the social circle increases the number of photographers of Tolstoy, who want to capture a variety of moments of his life and creative experiences. In the 1900s, the number of photos associated with the arrival of guests and loved ones to Yasnaya Polyana, who created entire photo collections, which displayed a variety of topics, was expanding. This is the creative cuisine of Tolstoy, and images of him in full growth, and gatherings with friends, and the Caucasus. It is revealed that the photographic memory is heterogeneous: Tolstoy was shot by professional photographers, amateurs, reporters, and images of each group have their own characteristics, but they were all included in the cultural and anthropological aspect of life in Russia. Through the prism of meetings and spiritual quest shown a progressive significance of photography for the social life of Russia. The collections of the museum are analyzed as stages of forming of the visual image in the collective memory. Photos are studied in the context of the lifetime iconography of the great writer. Their positive aspect connected with visualization of everyday life in Russia is shown.

About the authors

A. E. Purygin

Samara National Research University

Author for correspondence.
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7045-4310

postgraduate student, Department of Russian History


  1. Bazhak 2003 – Bazhak K. Istoriya fotografii. Vozniknovenie izobrazheniya [History of photography. Image appearance]. M., 2003 [in Russian].
  2. Bart 2011 – Bart R. Camera lucida. Kommentarii
  3. k fotografii [Camera lucida. Comment to the photo]. M., 2011 [in Russian].
  4. Benyamin 2015 – Benyamin V. Kratkaya istoriya fotografii [Brief history of photography]. M., 2015 [in Russian].
  5. Bulgakov 1918 – Bulgakov V.F. Lev Tolstoi v poslednii god ego zhizni: dnevnik sekretarya L.N. Tolstogo V.F. Bulgakova. 2-e izd., ispr. i dop. [Leo Tolstoy in the last year of his life: the diary of the secretary of L.N. Tolstoy V.F. Bulgakov. 2nd edition, revised and enlarged]. M: Zadruga, 1918 [in Russian].
  6. Gosudarstvennyi muzei L.N. Tolstogo – Gosudarstvennyi muzei L.N. Tolstogo. Kollektsii-online. Fotofond [State Museum of Leo Tolstoy. Collections- online. Photofund]. Available at:;
  7. (accessed 22.02.2018) [in Russian].
  8. Dashkova 2013 – Dashkova T. Telesnost’ – Ideologiya – Kinematograf: Vizual’nyi kanon i sovetskaya povsednevnost’ [Physicality – Ideology – Cinema: Visual Canon and Soviet Everyday Life]. M., 2013 [in Russian].
  9. Krutkin 2009 – Krutkin V. Snimki domashnikh albomov i fotograficheskii diskurs [Snapshots of home albums and photographic discourse]. In: Vizualnaya antropologiya: nastroika optiki [Visual anthropology: optics tuning]. M., 2009 [in Russian].
  10. Morozov 1961 – Morozov S. Russkaya khudozhestvennaya fotografiya. Ocherki iz istorii fotografii 1839–1917. Vtoroe izdanie [Russian art photography. Essays from the history of photography 1839-1917. Second edition]. M., 1961 [in Russian].
  11. Narskiy 2008 – Narskiy I.V. Fotokartochka na pamyat: Semeinye istorii, fotograficheskie poslaniya i sovetskoe detstvo (Avtobio-istorio-graficheskii roman) [Photo from memory: family stories, photographic epistles, and Soviet childhood (Autobio-historical-graphic novel)]. Chelyabinsk, 2008 [in Russian].
  12. Popov 2010 – Popov A.P. Iz istorii rossiiskoi fotografii [From the history of Russian photography]. M., 2010
  13. [in Russian].
  14. Repin, Tolstoy 1949 – Repin I.E. Tolstoy L.N. Perepiska: v 2 t. T. 1 [Correspondence: in 2 Vols. Vol. 1]. M.: Iskusstvo, 1949 .
  15. Stigneev 2013 – Stigneev V. Ot piktorealizma – k fotoreportazhu, ocherki po istorii otechestvennoi fotografii 1900–1950 [From piktorealizm – to the photo essay, essays on the history of national photography 1900–1950]. M., 2013 [in Russian].
  16. Fedosova 2014 – Fedosova E.P. Lev Tolstoy i iskusstvo fotografii [Leo Tolstoy and the art of photography]. Gumanitarnye vedomosti TGPU im. LN. Tolstogo [Gumanitarnye Vedomosty of TSPU], 2014, no. 3 (11), October, pp. 77–85. Available at:
  17. [in Russian].
  18. Chibisov 1987 – Chibisov K.V. Ocherki po istorii fotografii [Essays on the history of photography]. M., 1987 [in Russian].
  19. Shipova 2012 – Shipova T.N. Moskovskie fotografy 1839–1930. Istoriya moskovskoi fotografii [Moscow photographers 1839–1930. History of Moscow photography]. M., 2012 [in Russian].

Copyright (c) 2019 Purygin A.E.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies