ELECTRIFICATION OF THE RAILWAY TRANSPORT IN THE VOLGA REGION AND ON THE URALS IN 1956–1991

Abstract

The main aim of the article is the investigation of the process of fundamental technical reconstruction
of transport on the basis of electrification. In 1956 the Council of the Ministers confirmed the Railway Transport Electrification Master Plan. The railway transport of the Urals and of the Volga Region entered in the new period of progress connected with radical reorganization of the railway transport system. Electrification of the Ural railway transport had been predetermined by the great volumes of transportations, highlands and hard climatic conditions of the Urals. The analysis of great amount of documents proved that the railways of the Urals and of the Volga Region had been electrified as the local cuts of great railways of the USSR – Great Siberian railway, Southern Siberian railway and main lines Moscow – Sverdlovsk and Moscow – Kazan. Electrification made deep changes in the material and technical basis of the railway transport: the heavy solid rails had been laid in the track on the metal ballast, radio communication had been spread on the railroads for the short time, the great impulse had been given to scientific investigations in the sphere of power system of railroads. But the most significant achievement of modernization became the foundation on the transport of the new institutes and technical schools where the large majority of engineers and technicians had been trained for exploitation of the electrified railroads.

The author determined the main aims of electrification in the Volga Region and in the Urals. The electrified railways of the Volga Region increased the carrying capacity of communications of the central regions with the Bashkir Republic and Kazakhstan. The electrified lines of the Urals provided the modernization of the Great Siberian railway and improved the communications between the European regions of the USSR and the Western Siberian region. The author proved that modernization of the Ural and the Volga Region railways on the basis of diesel traction had small economic and technical effects. Electrification became the main and decisive way of modernization of the Ural and Volga Region railway transport.

About the authors

A. A. Konov

Ural State University of Railway Transport

Author for correspondence.
Email: morenov@ssau.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7045-4310

Candidate of Historical Sciences, assistant professor, Department of Philosophy and History

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