ON SOME FEATURES OF ARTISTIC-LEGAL NARRATIVE IN RUSSIAN LITERATURE

Abstract

In the paper the concept of artistic-legal narrative is advanced, its specificity and some features of functioning in Russian literature of the XIX–XX centuries are considered. Under the artistic-legal narrative,
the authors of the article understand the system of narrative and rhetorical «figures» that form texts describing events of a legal nature. The methodological base of the research was compiled by the works of the Russian and foreign philosophers, philologists, law theorists, sociologists – M. Bakhtin, G. Genette, W. Iser, Yu. Lotman, D. Likhachev, P. Ricoeur, V. Tyupa, M. Foucault, H.R. Jauß. Bakhtin’s idea of a dialogue, the method of communicative analysis, the method of narrative analysis, the structural-semiotic method were significant for the research. The law in artistic-legal narrative is interpreted as a socio-cultural phenomenon, while the legal code appears as a system of signs allowing you to read out information of legal nature and interpret it within a certain artistic system in conjunction with other codes. It was found that rhetorical techniques in the artistic-legal narrative correlate with various speech practices: judicial (court documents, speeches of the accuser, lawyer, etc.), legislative and documentary (Constitution, criminal law, civil law), regime-restrictive (internal regulations in prisons, the army) and other speech practices. The authors substantiate the dependence of this type of narrative on the rhetorical practices of the courtship inherent in a particular historical epoch, and also trace the similarity of the narrators to the participants in the trial. Particular attention is paid to the «hard labor» and «camp» prose narrative. In the course of the research, the influence of reporter and journalistic genres on Dovlatov is established. The artistic-legal narrative of «hard labor» and «camp» prose incorporates normative references related to various kinds of
prohibitions, and eliminates them via various compositional and rhetorical techniques. The authors argue that the legal discourse acquires such features as conflict and spectacularity through interaction with dramatic
and theatrical discourses. The influence of the developed forms of psychological analysis in the 19th century and laconic forms of an anecdote, a song, an intellectual story in the 20th century on the artistic and legal narrative is emphasized.

About the authors

E. S. Shevchenko

Samara National Research University

Author for correspondence.
Email: morenov.sv@ssau.ru
Russian Federation

A. V. Makarychev

Samara National Research University

Email: morenov.sv@ssau.ru
Russian Federation

References

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Copyright (c) 2018 Shevchenko E.S., Makarychev A.V.

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