FUTURE I: PERCULIARITIES OF SEMANTICS AND THE USAGE DYNAMIC

Abstract

In the article one of the most discussable forms of the German tense system is analyzed – the form of future I. Peculiarities of its usage are characterized, its semantic status is determined. Future I is considered to be a form, which main task is to express the future meaning. Side by side with the expression of future semantics modal meanings (volitive and epistemic) reveal themselves. When the speaker means by the expression of future meaning definite source of information, future I form has also evidential meaning. Last decades the part of future I forms in direct speech comes down. In cooperation with other factors this can promote the rising of subjectivity level of utterance with future I forms, for example emphasizing the importance of coming acts or events, accentuating on speaking person.

About the authors

E. V. Bodnaruk

Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov

Author for correspondence.
Email: morenov.sv@ssau.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1825-0097
Russian Federation

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