Influence of pad geometry and method of oil supply on the thermal state of GTE rotor tilting-pad journal bearing


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Abstract

High heat generation in the hydrodynamic wedge is one of the main factors limiting application of pad journal bearings as bearings for rotors of aircraft gas turbine engines. The goal of the research is to study the influence of the oil supply method on the bearing thermal state and to determine the design factors reducing the bearing temperature. The study was carried out with the use of bearings with diameters of 100…320 mm with different design of the oil supply: through oil dispensing grooves in the pads, through oil nozzles in the inter-pad space, using lead-in chamfers for the pads, with oil bypass channels. The tasks posed were solved by using volumetric geometric models with the tools of computational fluid dynamics in the ANSYS CFX package in which differential equations describing the model are solved by the finite element method. The patterns of temperature and pressure distribution over the surface of the lower, most loaded bearing pad were obtained for various options of oil supply and different geometry of bearing pads; values of the bearing load carrying capacity, maximum pressure in the working gap, the oil mass flow through the elements of the oil supply; dependences of the bearing static performance on the distance between the shaft and nozzles. Oil supply through oil dispensing grooves made in pads is a factor that negatively affects the bearing thermal state, which is associated with so-called “locking” of the working gap. It is shown that implementation of oil supply through the space between the pads is more efficient. The use of a lead-in chamfer with plain inserts simplifies oil supply to the working gap. The design solutions described make it possible to reduce the maximum oil temperature in the bearing by 3…6 degrees Celsius.

About the authors

E. F. Parovay

Samara National Research University

Author for correspondence.
Email: selena_pa@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9769-2677

Senior Lecturer of the Department of Aircraft Engine Construction and Design, Research Assistant of the Engine Design Bureau

Russian Federation

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