Urban periphery. The problem of spontaneous growth of the territory of Samara in the second half of the XIX – early XX century

Abstract

The article discusses the development of Samara’s urban space in the focus of the formation and development of urban periphery. The factor of spontaneity in the formation of urban space is considered. The second half of the XIX – early XX centuries was characterized by a rapid growth of the urban population, which led to the formation of new settlements near city. The demarcation and construction of new suburban settlements was carried out by residents without the consent of the city authorities. The purpose of this article is to analyze the factor of spontaneity in the formation and development of urban space. The influence of spontaneous suburbs on the urban space of Samara and the formation of its socio-cultural identity is analyzed. The research is based on the subject field of historical urbanism and is on an interdisciplinary and socio-cultural approach. The source base of the research is the office documentation of city authorities. The ways of solving the problem of spontaneous construction in Samara at the beginning of the XX century are considered. The emergence of spontaneous suburbs was the result of the authorities’ untimely response to overpopulation of urban space during a period of rapid economic growth and shortsightedness in planning urban areas. Most often, migrants built residential houses on the lands of the industrial zone, which, along with the inaccessibility of urban communications and overcrowded irregular development, led to unsanitary conditions and outbreaks of diseases. At the same time, the poverty of the local population influenced the growth of deviant forms of behavior and contributed to the formation of a rural look of peripheral areas. All this adversely affected the urban space as a whole. In this regard, the solution of the problem of spontaneous suburbs for the city authorities was equated with the improvement of the urban environment and the improvement of its quality.

 

About the authors

E. I. Chepurnova

Samara National Research University, Samara, Russian Federation

Author for correspondence.
Email: morenov@ssau.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9499-9801

post-graduate student of the Department of Russian History, Samara National Research University

References

  1. Barinova 2008 – Barinova E.P. (2008) Russian nobility in the early XX century: economic status and socio-cultural appearance. Moscow: ROSSPEN, 351 p. Available at: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=21656282. (In Russ.)
  2. Eskov 1991 – Eskov P.M. (1991) Zubchaninovka. In: Samarskii kraeved, part 1, pp. 192–200. Available at: http://publ.lib.ru/ARCHIVES/S/’’Samarskiy_kraeved’’/_’’Samarskiy_kraeved’’.html (In Russ.)
  3. Karkaryan 2006 – Karkaryan V.G. (2006) Modern in architecture of Samara. Samara: Agni, 336 p. Available at: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=23347152. (In Russ.)
  4. Kobozeva 2013 – Kobozeva Z.M. (2013) Bourgeois estate of Samara in space of the power and daily life (second half of XIX – beginning of the XX century), or the Story about «Soul with duties». Samara: Izd-vo «Samarskii universitet», 615 p. Available at: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=41502538; http://rushist.samsu.ru/books1/kobozeva.pdf. (In Russ.)
  5. Kuryatnikov 2019 – Kuryatnikov V.N. (2019) Pre-Samara quarter. Problemy rossiiskoi tsivilizatsii i metodiki prepodavaniia istorii, no. 11, pp. 132–141. Available at: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=39534438. (In Russ.)
  6. Orlova 2015 – Orlova V.D. (2015) Understanding of space factor of formation of urban culture in Russia in the second half of XIX – the beginning of XX century by historical science. Tambov University Review. Series: Humanities, no. 7 (147), pp. 145–155. Available at: : https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=24116218. (In Russ.)
  7. Sinelnik 2000 – Sinelnik A.K. (2000) Urban planning history of the Samara region. Samara: Agni, 192 p. Available at: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=22291129. (In Russ.)
  8. Trofimov 2017 – Trofimov A.V. (2017) Russian historical urbanism: historiographical problems. In: Ryzhkova O.V. (Ed.) City, society, environment: history and vectors of development: materials of the all-Russian research and practical conference. Nizhny Tagil: NTGSPI, 2017, pp. 25–29. Available at: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=30100088. (In Russ.)
  9. Tyurin 2013 – Tyurin V.A. (2013) Structure, quantity, social composition of urban population of the MiddleVolga region in the second half of XIX – early XX centuries. Vestnik of Samara State University, no. 8–2 (109), pp. 92–98. Available at: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=20886459. (In Russ.)

Statistics

Views

Abstract: 209

PDF (Russian): 109

Dimensions

PlumX

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Chepurnova E.I.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies