Linguo-pragmatic parameters of the English medical scientific minitexts

Abstract

This paper proposes the linguo-pragmatic analysis of English medical abstracts within scientific discourse. Both scientific medical advancement and increasingly larger role of scientific discourse as a source of authentic evidence-based knowledge motivated this research. Evidence-based medicine is gaining importance and, as a result, becomes quite popular. Its foundations are becoming the methodological framework in scientific medical research. Advances in understanding of medical science cause the creation of new medical terms which enrich the concept ‘medicine’. This study seeks to reveal and systematize linguo-pragmatic characteristics of the concept ‘medicine’ within the boundaries of scientific discourse. We focus on the analysis of medical scientific minitexts, abstracts in particular, because they perform both informative and pragmatic functions. The empirical study is based upon the modern scientific articles from top-rated medicine journals «BMC Medicine», «BMJ Open», «The Lancet Infectious Diseases» and includes such methods as data collection and analysis, description and classification of material, semantic and conceptual analysis accompanied by discourse analysis. One important finding is that according to the most popular themes of medical studies we can find the main trends in the evolution of modern medicine. Another remarkable result is that the medical linguistic markers under consideration form the concept ‘medicine’ mainly nominating diseases, diagnostic techniques, medical studies and trials as well as medical scientific models. It is interesting to note that the highest human values – life and health–lie at the heart of medical trials and form their pragmatic potential. Further analysis showed that the authors’ use of word compression, abbreviation, stylistic devices (metaphors, metonyms and allusions) and graphic design (quotation marks and italic type), which are the most popular and vivid linguo-pragmatic features of abstracts in English-language medical articles contributes to pragmatic potential of the texts under study and makes them appealing to the reader.

About the authors

A. A. Golubykh

Samara National Research University

Author for correspondence.
Email: morenov@ssau.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1724-6931

postgraduate student of the Department of English Philology

References

  1. Dorgeloh, Wanner 2009 – Dorgeloh H., Wanner A. (2009) Formulaic argumentation in scientific discourse. Formulaic Language, no. 83, pp. 523–544. doi: 10.1075/tsl.83.16dor.
  2. Hamilton, Carter-Thomas 2017 – Hamilton C.E., Carter-Thomas S. (2017) Competing influences: the impact of mode and language on verb type and density in French and English scientific discourse. Chimera: Romance Corpora and Linguistic Studies, no. 4 (1), pp. 13–34. Available at: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01570889.
  3. Livnat 2010 – Livnat Z. (2010) Impersonality and grammatical metaphors in scientific discourse. The rhetorical perspective. Lidil. Revue de linguistique et de didactique des langues, no. 41, pp. 103–119. doi: 10.4000/lidil.3015.
  4. Long 2016 – Long K.P. (2016) Gender and scientific discourse in early modern culture. Routledge, 330 p. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-0424.2011.01679_1.x.
  5. Alikaev, Karchaeva 2009 – Alikaev R.S., Karchaeva S.Kh. (2009) Typological features of scientific discourse. Current Issues in Philology and Pedagogical Linguistics, no. 11, pp. 61–68. Available at: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=18785513. (In Russ.)
  6. Bakhtin 1996 – Bakhtin M.M. (1996) From archival records to the work «Problems of Speech Genres». In: Collected works, vol. 5. Works of 1940–1960. Moscow, pp. 207–286. Available at: http://b-ok.cc/book/2709715/cdf24f. (In Russ.)
  7. Vishnyakova 2018 – Vishnyakova O.D. (2018) Cognitive-pragmatic functions of metaphor in medical discourse. Scientific Bulletin of Belgorod State University. Humanities Sciences, no. 2, pp. 204–211. doi: 10.18413/2075-4574-2018-37-2-204-211. (In Russ.)
  8. Gvishiani 2008 – Gvishiani N.B. (2008) The language of academic communication (issues in methodology). 2nd edition, revised. Moscow: Izdatel'stvo LKI, 280 p. Available at: https://www.booksite.ru/fulltext/gvishian/text.pdf (In Russ.)
  9. Golubykh 2019 – Golubykh A.A. (2019) «Medicalisation» of modern internet advertising (based on English YouTube commercials). Vestnik Samarskogo universiteta. Istoriia, pedagogika, filologiia = Vestnik of Samara University. History, pedagogics, philology, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 162–169. doi: 10.18287/2542-0445-2019-25-4-162-169. (In Russ.)
  10. Karasik 2002 – Karasik I.V. (2002) Language circle: personality, concepts, discourse. Volgograd: Peremena, 477 p. Available at: https://docplayer.ru/28188986-Yazykovoy-krug-lichnost-koncepty-diskurs.html. (In Russ.)
  11. Kasymova, Linnik 2017 – Kasymova O.P., Linnik L.A. (2017) Medical discourse in modern linguistics. Vestnik Bashkirskogo universiteta = Bulletin of Bashkir University, no. 3, pp. 767–773. Available at: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=32283347. (In Russ.)
  12. Malyuga 2019 – Malyuga E.N. (2019) Emergent trends in English scientific discourse: issues of research relevance and linguistic identity. Tomsk State University Journal of Philology, no. 58, pp. 52–70. doi: 10.17223/19986645/58/4 (In Russ.)
  13. Mishankina 2015 – Mishankina N.A. (2015) Pragmatics of scientific discourse. Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University Bulletin, no. 2 (24), pp. 126–133. doi: 10.15293/2226-3365.1502.12 (In Russ.)
  14. Slyshkin 2000 – Slyshkin G.G. (2000) From text to symbol: linguistic and cultural concepts of precedent texts in consciousness and discourse. Мoscow: Academia, 128 p. Available at: https://b-ok.cc/book/3224245/e22295 (In Russ.)
  15. Stepanova 2018 – Stepanova E.S. (2018) Actualization of the interdiscourse category in the scientific medical discourse. Tomsk State Pedagogical University Bulletin, no. 7 (196), pp. 19–24. doi: 10.23951/1609-624Х-2018-7-19-24 (In Russ.)
  16. Kharkovskaya 2019 – Kharkovskaya A.A. (2019) Linguo-synergetic potential of English academic articles on the humanities problematic issues: based on English minitexts. In: Minitexts in various types of English discourse: collection of research articles. Samara, pp. 140–149. Available at: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=41190237. (In Russ.)
  17. Cherkunova 2019 – Cherkunova M.V. (2019) Abstract as a type of minitexts. In: Minitexts in various types of English discourse: collection of research articles. Samara, pp. 149–159. Available at: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=41190240. (In Russ.)
  18. Chernyavskaya 2010 – Chernyavskaya V.E. (2010) Interpretation of a scientific text. Мoscow: Knizhnyy dom «Librokom», 128 p. Available at: https://padaread.com/?book=117941&pg=1. (In Russ.).

Statistics

Views

Abstract: 451

PDF (Russian): 219

Dimensions

PlumX

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Golubykh A.A.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies