GENRE AND STYLISTIC CHARACTERISTICS OF NOUN ATTRIBUTES IN GERMAN TOWN CHRONICLES OF THE XV AND XVI CENTURIES

Abstract

The paper deals with the actual issue of the historical stylistics of German – development of the nominal style in the Early New High German (XVth and XVIth centuries). The town chronicles as one of the most popular genres of the narrative prose from this period are used as study material. For the research, four chronicles of the German-language area from XVth and XVIth centuries have been chosen: these of Bern, Basel, Worms and Zürich. The purpose of article is to analyze different types of attributes with regard to their genre-specific function. First, an analysis of syntactic and semantic types of attributes in each chronicle is conducted with subsequent data comparison between each text and conclusions about stylistic and pragmatic factors of the use of attributes. For this, we used a sample of 1500 noun phrases chosen from the chronicles specified.

The action nouns realize their combinative potential most often. The most frequent attribute type is an attribute in Genitive, whereby some differences in its topology are discovered between the chronicles of the XVth century, on the one side, and the chronicles of the XVIth century, on the other. In the latters, the attributive genitive is more often placed after the main word. For all chronicles, only a small number of infinitives and participles in function of attribute are found, the number of noun phrases with several attributes is small, too. The percentage of noun phrases with attributes of the second and third dependency degree is not large either.

The research made allows a conclusion that the town chronicles have differed from the usage of official writing in respect to the volume and «depth» of a noun phrase. Differences between the chronicles of XVth and XVIth centuries are discovered only in some attribute types, whereas the general picture does not alter principally. The noun phrase in our texts should be characterized as a compact one. It may be explained with the unwillingness of authors to complicate the perception of their texts, for many official chronicles were read aloud. Complexity and informativeness characteristic for the official and early scientific texts seem to be expressed in chronicles at the level of the main sentence parts, but not at that of a noun phrase.

About the authors

A. E. Dunaev

Samara National Research University

Author for correspondence.
Email: morenov@ssau.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1593-889X

Candidate of Philological Sciences, associate professor at the Department of Foreign Languages and Professional Communication

References

  1. Arnold 1969 – Arnold Walter. Einleitung. Wormser Chronik von F. Zorn mit den Zusätzen F. von Flersheim. / Hrsg. von W. Arnold. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1969, S. 1–10. Available at: https://archive.org/details/bub_gb_hDgLAAAAQAAJ [in German].
  2. Ebert 1999 – Ebert Robert. Historische Syntax des Deutschen. Bd. 2: 1300–1750. Berlin: Weidler, 1999, 195
  3. S .
  4. Available at: https://ru.b-ok.cc/book/3398787/275216 [in German].
  5. Fleischer 1977 – Fleischer Wolfgang, Michel Georg. Stilistik der deutschen Gegenwartssprache. Leipzig: VEB, 1977, 394 S. [in German].
  6. Kleinschmidt 1982 – Kleinschmidt Erich. Stadt und Literatur in der frühen Neuzeit. Köln: Böhlau, 1982, 415 S. [in German].
  7. Menke 1958 – Menke Johannes. Geschichtsschreibung und Politik in deutschen Städten des Mittelalters. Köln: Verlag der Löwe, 1958, 194 p. doi: 10.7788/jbkgv-1958-jg02 [in German].
  8. Metzler 1995 – Metzler R. Zur Subklassifizierung chronikalischer Texte des 16. Jh. In: Chronologische, areale und situative Varietäten des Deutschen in der Sprachhistoriographie. Hrsg. Von G. Lerchner. Frankfurt/Main: Peter Lang, 1995, S. 101–112 [in German].
  9. Piirainen 1980 – Piirainen Ilpo. Frühneuhochdeutsche Bibliographie. Tübingen: Niemeyer, 1980, 77 S. [in German].
  10. Roloff 1970 – Roloff Hans-Gert. Stilstudien zur Prosa des XV. Jh. Die Melusine des Thuring von Ringoltingen. Köln: Böhlau, 1970, 192 S. [in German].
  11. Wriedt 2000 – Wriedt Klaus. Bürgerliche Geschichtsschreibung im XV und XVI Jh. In: Städtische Geschichtsschreibung im Spätmittelalter und in der Frühen Neuzeit. Hrsg. von P. Johanek. Köln; Weimar; Wien: Böhlau, 2000, S 19–50 [in German].
  12. Admoni 1966 – Admoni W.G. Razvitie struktury predlozheniya v period formirovaniya nemetskogo natsional'nogo yazyka [Development of the phrase structure in the period of establishing the German national language]. L.: Nauka, 1966, 214 p. [in Russian].
  13. Admoni 1973 – Admoni W.G. Puti razvitiya grammaticheskogo stroya v nemetskom yazyke [Ways of grammar development in the German language]. М.: Vysshaya shkola, 1973, 175 p. [in Russian].
  14. Shubina 2007 – Shubina E.L. Problema normy i variativnosti v nemetskom yazyke na urovne slovosochetanii tipa Nquant + AdjN i eine Art + AdjN (po materialam khudozhestvennoi literatury XVII–XX vekov, sovremennoi pressy i eksperimental'nykh dannykh): avtoref. dis. ... d-ra filol. nauk [Problem of norm and variation in German at the level of word-group of type Nquant + AdjN and eine Art + AdjN (on the material of imaginative writing of the XVII–XX centuries, modern press and experimental data): author’s abstract of Doctoral of Philological Sciences thesis]. M., 2007, 49 p. Available at: https://www.dissercat.com/content/problema-normy-i-variativnosti-v-nemetskom-yazyke-na-urovne-slovosochetanii-tipa-nquantadjn-/read [in Russian].

Statistics

Views

Abstract: 632

PDF (Russian): 145

Dimensions

PlumX

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Dunaev A.E.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies