SEMANTIC DERIVATION OF CONSUBSTANTIAL TERMS OF THE HUMANITIES, SOCIAL AND POLITICAL SCIENCES

Abstract

The article deals with the semantic changes of the terms of the Humanities and those of social and political sciences, the majority of which are consubstantial. It is universally acknowledged that a lexical-semantic way of coining new terms is the most productive one, which makes the majority of terms consubstantial.

Words borrowed from the general literary language more often than not undergo the process of terminologisation and turns into terms proper whose meaning becomes more precise and narrow. Besides the process of terminologisation the article also considers the processes of determinologisation and reterminologisation. The research has also shown that the meaning of the term changes due to its transition from the category of the author original terms to international ones. These conclusions are also applicable to metaphor-based terms and terms coined on the basis of proper nouns. Having become part of terminological word combinations, proper nouns lose the meanings common for all participants of the speech community.

The growing level of terminologisation results in the change of meaning of the term to such an extent that it becomes understandable only to professionals. The common seme which the term shares with the word of the general language disappears.

The material for the research includes terminological dictionaries of various fields of the humanities and social and political sciences (economics, politics, law, art criticism). The authors have tried to present the studied material as a whole, to address certain problem caused by the change of meaning and to identify regularities of terminological meaning change.

About the authors

А. G. Anisimova

Lomonosov Moscow State University, GSP-1

Author for correspondence.
Email: morenov@ssau.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7045-4310

Doctor of Philological Sciences, professor of the Department of English Linguistics

M. I. Pavlyuk

MGIMO University

Email: morenov@ssau.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1381-6992

senior lecturer, Department of the English Language № 1

References

  1. Comfort 2005 – Comfort Nicholas. Brewer’s Politics. Cassell; London, 2005 [in English].
  2. Offer Waterman. – Offer Waterman. Walter Richard Sickert. Available at: https://www.waterman.co.uk/artists/131-walter-richard-sickert/works/809 [in English].

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Copyright (c) 2019 Anisimova А.G., Pavlyuk M.I.

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