«JOURNEY» TO KUZKINO: A HISTORY OF THE CHILDREN OF RUSSIAN EMIGRANTS FROM YUGOSLAVIA REMOVED TO THE USSR AFTER THE WORLD WAR II

Abstract

The article is devoted to the history of repatriation of the children of Russian emigrants from Yugoslavia, who were removed to the USSR from the German city of Annaberg by the decision of the government of December 19, 1945 and located in the orphanage № 25 in the village of Kuzkino, Kuibyshev region. Among the repatriated, there was a group of former students of the Kharkov Girl Institute and its director M.A. Neklyudova, a graduate of the Smolny Institute. The removal of children to the USSR caused a collective protest from a group of Russian emigrants who were in the camp for displaced persons of the American occupation zone in Austria, who claimed their parental rights.

Based on the materials from the Office of the Commissioner for Repatriation of the USSR Council of Ministers, the author reconstructs the circumstances of the children’s repatriation, their living conditions in the orphanage and arrangements for preparing their removal to Austria for transfer to the parents – Russian emigrants that was done with the mediation of the American side.

About the authors

N. N. Ablazhey

Institute of History of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Author for correspondence.
Email: morenov@ssau.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7045-4310

Doctor of Historical Sciences, senior researcher

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