ASSISTANSE OF THE UNION CENTER TO THE BELORUSSIAN SSR IN RESTORATION OF AGRICULTURE IN 1943-1945

Abstract


The article describes the types and scale of assistance provided in 1943 – 1945 by the Belarusian SSR by the Union center in the restoration of the destroyed by the Nazi invaders agriculture of the Republic.

It states that this assistance was part of the state program of restoration and development of the national economy of Belarus, developed by the Soviet government with the participation of the republican leadership of the BSSR.

The authors of the article touch upon such important types of assistance of the Belarusian village from the Union center as the allocation of funds for the restoration of the agricultural economy, the import of cattle and agricultural machinery from the Eastern regions of the RSFSR to the BSSR and due to the reparations from the defeated Nazi Germany, etc. The article also highlights the problematic issues in obtaining the help of the Belarusian SSR from the Union center.

The authors conclude that the assistance provided by the Union center of the BSSR in 1943–1945 played a crucial role in the process of restoration of the destroyed agriculture of the Republic.


About the authors

V. V. Kondrashin

Institute of Russian History of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Author for correspondence.
Email: morenov@ssau.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7045-4310

Doctor of Historical Sciences, professor, Center for Economic History

V. D. Selemenev

The National archives of The Republic of Belarus

Email: morenov@ssau.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1381-6992

Candidate of Historical Sciences, Department of Publications

References

  1. Vosstanovlenie sel’skogo khozyaistva… 2018 – Vosstanovlenie sel’skogo khozyaistva Belarusi: 1943–1945: dok. i materialy. Sost.: V.D. Selemenev (otv. sost.) [i dr.]; redkol.: V.I. Kurash (otv. red.) [i dr.] [Rehabilitation of agriculture in Belarus: 1943–1945: documents and materials. Complier: Selemenev V.D. (responsible complier) [et al.]; editorial staff: V.I. Kurash (responsible editor) [et al.]. Minsk: Natsional’nyi arkhiv Respubliki Belarus’, 2018. 648 p. Available at: http://www.rusarchives.ru/publikacii/otechestvennye-arhivy/5340/vosstanovlenie-selskogo-hozyaystva-belarusi-1943-1945. [in Russian].
  2. Velikaya Otechestvennaya voina … 2013 – Velikaya Otechestvennaya voina 1941–1945 godov: v 12 t. T. 7. Ekonomika i oruzhie voiny [The Great Patriotic War of 1941–1945: in 12 vols. Vol. 7. Economy and weapons of war]. М.: Kuchkovo pole, 2013, pp. 230–234. Available at: https://b-ok.org/book/2523187/e87bb9 [in Russian].
  3. Vyltsan, Kondrashin 2004 – Vyltsan M.A., Kondrashin V.V. Patriotizm krestyanstva [Patriotism of the Peasantry]. In: Vlast’ i obshchestvo, 1941–1945: v 2 kn. Otv. red. G.N. Sevastyanov; In-t rossiiskoi istorii [Power and Society, 1941–1945: in 2 books. G.N. Sevastyanov (Ed.). Institute of Russian history]. M.: Nauka, 2004. Book 2, pp. 50–77 [in Russian].

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Copyright (c) 2019 Kondrashin V.V., Selemenev V.D.

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