YASAK PEASANTS OF THE KAZAN REGION IN THE SOUTHERN MIDDLE VOLGA REGION (TO THE QUESTION OF THE SPECIFICS OF COLONIZATION PROCESSES IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE XVII CENTURY)

Abstract

The article describes the characteristics of the development of the Southern Middle Volga Region by the yasak indigenous population of the Kazan Region in the second half of the XVII century. During this period the military administrative and economic integration of its territory into Russia took place.

The source base of the work consists of published documents and archival materials from the funds of the RGADA and other archives.

The purpose of the study is to study the characteristics of participation of the indigenous peoples of the Kazan Region in the economic colonization of the Southern Middle Volga and the formation of a new society on its space. An attempt was made to determine their place and role in this process.

It is shown that in the second half of the XVII century Chuvash, Mordovians and Tatars are becoming one of the most significant categories of inhabitants of the region. Until that time, they were engaged in the exploitation of “hitting” of the region’s natural resources. In the second half of the century, in the course of mass economic development of new lands, the indigenous peoples of the Kazan Region, along with the Russians, became almost equal participants in agricultural colonization. It was revealed that in the process of resettlement various ethnic groups were in close social, legal, economic conditions. The government policy was directed on such conditions of the colonization process.

It was concluded that in that period a peculiar process of “finding a homeland” took place on the territory of the South Middle Volga Region. A single regional socio-cultural community began to emerge from different ethnic and confessional groups of immigrants.

About the authors

E. L. Dubman

Department of Russian History, Samara National Research University

Author for correspondence.
Email: morenov@ssau.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7045-4310

Doctor of Historical Sciences, professor

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