Cite item


The article attempts to reconstruct the emigrant period of life of one of the minor heroes of the novel
A. Tolstoy «Eighteenth Year», a native of the Samara province, a prominent figure in the Socialist Revolutionary movement, a member of the Constituent Assembly, the Minister of Internal Affairs of the Komuch Prokopy Klimushkin (1888–1958). Biographical information about P.D. Klimushkin is scattered in many sources, some of which contradict the others, but the least studied until today remains the emigrant period of his life, which began after, «going to an illegal position», Klimushkin left together with the Czech echelon at first to Irkutsk, then to Vladivostok and, finally, to Prague. Studying the «Prague» period, the author of the article found it necessary to divide it into two twenty years – before the Second World War and after it. Special attention is paid to P.D. Klimushkin’s activity within the framework of the so-called «Russian action» in Czechoslovakia, as director of the Russian People’s University and in the «Society of Volga Movement Members of 1918», for the first time information on the personal life of the former minister is systematized, and also highlights his «walking on the agony», which began after 1945 and ended two years before his death, in 1956. Reconstructing the previously little studied period of P.D. Klimushkin’s biography, the author of the article is based on archival documents, publications in Russian and foreign sources and testimonies of contemporaries, among which the most important place belongs to the memoirs of S. Nikolaev «In the first place truth and only truth».

About the authors

M. A. Perepelkin

Samara National Research University

Author for correspondence.
Email: morenov@ssau.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7045-4310

Doctor of Philological Sciences, professor of the Department of Russian and Foreign Literature and Public Relations


  1. Vospominaniya 2011 – Vospominaniya. Dnevniki. Besedy. Russkaya emigratsiya v Chekhoslovakii. Kn. 1. Sost. i obshch. red. L. Beloshevskoi [Memories. Diaries. Conversations. Russian emigration in Czechoslovakia. Book 1. Complier and general editorship L. Beloshevskoy]. Prague, 2011 [in Russian].
  2. Evseeva 2001 – Evseeva E. Russkii Narodnyi universitet v Prage (1923-1933) [Russian People’s University in Prague (1923–1933)]. [The New Historical Bulletin], 2001,
  3. no. 1 (3). Available at: http://www.nivestnik.ru/2001_1/24.shtml [in Russian].
  4. Kabytov, Kurskov 2004 – Kabytov P., Kurskov N. Vtoraya russkaya revolyutsiya: bor’ba za demokratiyu na Srednei Volge v issledovaniyakh, dokumentakh i materialakh (1917–1918 gg.) [Second Russian revolution: the struggle for democracy on the Middle Volga in studies, documents and materials (1917–1918). Samara, 2004
  5. [in Russian].
  6. Klimushkin 1925 – Klimushkin P. Chekhoslovatskoe vystuplenie. Volzhskoe dvizhenie i obrazovanie Direktorii [Czechoslovak speech. Volga movement and formation of Directory]. Prague, 1925 [in Russian].
  7. Klimushkin 1930 – Klimushkin P. Bor’ba za demokratiyu na Volge [Fight for democracy on the Volga]. In: Grazhdanskaya voina na Volge [Civil War on the Volga]. Prague, 1930. Issue 1 [in Russian].
  8. Nikolaev 2015 – Nikolaev S. Vospominaniya.
  9. Na pervom meste pravda i tol’ko pravda [Memories.
  10. In the first place is the truth and only the truth]. Prague: Russkaya traditsiya, 2015 [in Russian].
  11. The Poets of Prague Skit 2005 – Poety prazhskogo «Skita». Antologiya [The Poets of Prague Skit. Anthology]. SPb.: Rostok, 2005 [in Russian].
  12. Savitsky 2012 – Savitsky I. «Russkaya aktsiya»: kak eto bylo [«Russian action»: how it was]. In: Rossiyane v Chekhii: vchera i segodnya [Russians in the Czech Republic: in past and present]. Prague, 2012 [in Russian].
  13. Serapionova 2015 – Serapionova E. Deyateli prazhskogo Zemgora [Representatives of Prague Zemgora]. Slavyanovedenie [Slavyanovedenie], 2015. № 4. Available at: http://inslav.ru/sites/default/files/slav-2015-4.pdf
  14. [in Russian].
  15. Serapionova 2013 – Serapionova E.P. Obshchestvo uchastnikov «Volzhskogo dvizheniya 1918 g.» [Society of the participants of the «Volga movement of 1918»].
  16. In: Russkoe zarubezhe i slavyanskii mir: sbornik trudov. Sost. P. Bunyak [Russian abroad and the Slavic world. Collection of papers. Complier P. Bunyak]. Belgrade: Slavisticheskoe obshchestvo Serbii, 2013 [in Russian].
  17. «Skit» 2006 – «Skit». Praga 1922–1940: Antologiya. Biografii. Dokumenty [«Skit». Prague 1922–1940: Anthology. Biographies. Documents]. M.: Russkii put’, 2006 [in Russian].
  18. Struve 1996 – Struve G. Russkaya literatura v izgnanii. Kratkii biograficheskii slovar’ russkogo zarubezhya [Russian literature in exile. A brief biographical dictionary of Russian йmigrй community]. M.: Russkii put’, 1996 [in Russian].
  19. «Syn vol’nogo shturmana» 2005 – «Syn vol’nogo shturmana» i trinadtsatyi «smertnik» protsess s.-r. 1922 g.: Dokumenty i materialy iz lichnogo arkhiva V.N. Rikhtera – chlena partii sotsialistov-revolyutsionerov [«The son of a free navigator» and the thirteenth «suicide bomber» process of the s.-r. 1922: Documents and materials from the personal archive of V.N. Richter – a member of the Socialist Revolutionary Party]. M.: ROSSPEN, 2005, 349 p.
  20. [in Russian].
  21. Tolstoy 1959 – Tolstoy A.N. Sobranie sochinenii: v 10 t. T. 5. [Collected Works: in 10 Vols. Vol. 5]. M.: Khudozhestvennaya literatura, 1959, p. 450 [in Russian].

Copyright (c) 2019 Perepelkin M.A.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies