MAN FROM VOLCHANKA: THE WHOLE WORLD IN ONE FIND

Abstract

In 1979 a Bronge Age mound was explored by the archeological expedition of Kuibyshev State University. Among findings there is one vessel common for Srubnaya culture with unique image made by drawing on a clay. It portrays dancing or leaving young naked man back to the viewer. There are no analogs in the world heritage of this time made with great quality, a portraying man with perspective, dynamic and expression. Previously this finding was not mentioned in scientific researches on an appropriate level. Moreover, this vessel is so unique that needs distinct study. The discovered object is connected not only with ancient period of transformation of Eurasian cultures, but with times of the formation of the Aryans, when «The first of the dead» pra-Indian god Yama, the King of Hell, «was not the god yet». Furthermore, this object allows to see connections between pra-Aryan, pra-Indian and modern cultures in a new way. Naturalistic images were banned in researched time due to protoideological tendencies linked with formation of reproducing economy. All the pictures on vessels of Srubnaya culture we know is not only schematic, but they are nominal. Typically, vessels are decorated with ornamental compositions or simple separate ornaments. This is widely known among experts that rare images of people are statuary and primitive. However, mentioned vessel from Volchanka, as for a middle of II millennium B.C. is unique in every sense. Technique, plot, composition, angle, quality are amazing. Some analogs with similar images can be found in the Northern Black Sea region: Trypillia culture, anthropomorphic stelles of III-II millennium B.C. It was exactly Northern Black Sea region which saved ancient traditions of super realistic images (historically inherent to many cultures, especially to Indo-Aryans with their productivity). When it came to the oldest beliefs, and sometimes local tribal cults, posterity, the survival of the tribe, then deviations from the canons were allowed. In Indo-Aryan culture, plots are firmly tied to the traditions of rebirth and getting offspring. I suppose, that plot from mentioned vessel is a part of similar widespread beliefs about possibility to keep the tribe numerous, or, even, about rebirth of a dead teen.

About the authors

A. E. Kisly

Institute of Archeology of Crimea, Russian Academy of Sciences

Author for correspondence.
Email: morenov@ssau.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7045-4310

Doctor of Historical Sciences, head of the Department of Archeology of Primitive Society

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