In 1979 a Bronge Age mound was explored by the archeological expedition of Kuibyshev State University. Among findings there is one vessel common for Srubnaya culture with unique image made by drawing on a clay. It portrays dancing or leaving young naked man back to the viewer. There are no analogs in the world heritage of this time made with great quality, a portraying man with perspective, dynamic and expression. Previously this finding was not mentioned in scientific researches on an appropriate level. Moreover, this vessel is so unique that needs distinct study. The discovered object is connected not only with ancient period of transformation of Eurasian cultures, but with times of the formation of the Aryans, when «The first of the dead» pra-Indian god Yama, the King of Hell, «was not the god yet». Furthermore, this object allows to see connections between pra-Aryan, pra-Indian and modern cultures in a new way. Naturalistic images were banned in researched time due to protoideological tendencies linked with formation of reproducing economy. All the pictures on vessels of Srubnaya culture we know is not only schematic, but they are nominal. Typically, vessels are decorated with ornamental compositions or simple separate ornaments. This is widely known among experts that rare images of people are statuary and primitive. However, mentioned vessel from Volchanka, as for a middle of II millennium B.C. is unique in every sense. Technique, plot, composition, angle, quality are amazing. Some analogs with similar images can be found in the Northern Black Sea region: Trypillia culture, anthropomorphic stelles of III-II millennium B.C. It was exactly Northern Black Sea region which saved ancient traditions of super realistic images (historically inherent to many cultures, especially to Indo-Aryans with their productivity). When it came to the oldest beliefs, and sometimes local tribal cults, posterity, the survival of the tribe, then deviations from the canons were allowed. In Indo-Aryan culture, plots are firmly tied to the traditions of rebirth and getting offspring. I suppose, that plot from mentioned vessel is a part of similar widespread beliefs about possibility to keep the tribe numerous, or, even, about rebirth of a dead teen.

About the authors

A. E. Kisly

Institute of Archeology of Crimea, Russian Academy of Sciences

Author for correspondence.
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7045-4310

Doctor of Historical Sciences, head of the Department of Archeology of Primitive Society


  1. Bіblіya 1988 – Bіblіya abo knigi Svyatogo Pisma Starogo ta Novogo Zapovіtu іz movi davnoєvreiskoї i gretskoї na ukraїnsku doslіvno nanovo perekladena [The Bible or the Book of Scripture of the Old and New Testament from the language of Hebrew and Greek into Ukrainian is literally re-translated]. M.: Vid. Mosk. patrіarkhata, 1988, 1528 p. [in Ukrainian].
  2. Davnya іstorіya Ukraїni: v 3 t. Gol. red. P.P. Tolochko. T. 1 [Ancient history of Ukraine: in 3 Vols. P.P. Tolochko (Ed.). Vol. 1]. Kiev: Nauk. dumka, 1997, 560 p. [in Ukrainian].
  3. Entsiklopedіya tripіlskoї tsivіlіzatsії 2004 – Entsiklopedіya tripіlskoї tsivіlіzatsії u dvokh tomakh. Red. kolegіya. L.M. Novokhatko (golova). T. І. [Encyclopedia of Trypillya civilization in two volumes. Ed. board. L.M. Novokhatko (head). Vol. I]. Kiev: Ukrapolіgrafmedіa, 2004, 704 p. [in Ukrainian].
  4. Zakharova 2000 – Zakharova Ye.Yu. Sosudy so znakami srubnoi obshchnosti epokhi pozdnei bronzy [Vessels with signs of the Srubna community of the Late Bronze Age]. Voronezh: VGU, 2000, 180 p. [in Russian].
  5. Indiiskaya filosofiya 2009 – Indiiskaya filosofiya: entsiklopediya. Red. M.T. Stepanyants; In-t filosofii RAN [Indian philosophy: encyclopedia. M.T. Stepanyants (Ed.); Institute of Philosophy, Russian Academy of Sciences]. M.: Vost. lit., 2009, 950 p. [in Russian].
  6. Kisly 2005 – Kisly Oleksandr. Demografіchnii vimіr іstorії
  7. [Demographic measurement of history]. Kiev: Aristei, 2005, 328 p. [in Ukrainian].
  8. Kisly 2009 – Kisly A.E. Tipologiya i khronologiya antropomorfnykh stel Severnogo Prichernomorya v kontekste ekonomiko-demograficheskikh issledovanii [Typology and chronology of anthropomorphic stelae of the Black Sea coast in the context of the economicе- demographic studies]. Drevnosti Bospora [Antiquities of Bospor], 2009, Vol. 13, pp. 232–255. Available at: [in Russian].
  9. Kisly 2011 – Kisly A.E. Uslovnost’ i realizm iskusstva Kamenskoi kultury Vostochnogo Kryma [Conditional Character and Realism of Art of Kamensk Culture of the Eastern Crimea]. Drevnosti Bospora [Antiquities of Bospor], 2011, Vol. 15, pp. 189–208. Available at: [in Russian].
  10. Klochkov 1983 – Klochkov T.S. Dukhovnaya kultura Vavilonii: chelovek, sud,ba, vremya [Spiritual culture of Babylonia: man, fate, time]. M.: Nauka, 1983, 207 p. Available at: [in Russian].
  11. Krylova 1976 – Krylova L.P. Kernosovskii idol (stela) [Kernos idol (stela)]. In: Eneolit i bronzovyi vek Ukrainy: sb. st. [Aeneolithic and Bronze Age of Ukraine: сollection of articles]. Kiev: Nauk. dumka, 1976, pp. 36–46 [in Russian].
  12. Kuznetsova – Kuznetsova L.V. Otchet ob issledovaniyakh Volchanskogo kurgannogo mogil’nika v Krasnoarmeiskom raione Kuibyshevskoi oblasti v 1979 g. [Report on the research of the Volchansky burial mound in Krasnoarmeysky district of the Kuibyshev Region in 1979]. Nauchnyi arkhiv Instituta arkheologii RAN [Scientific archive of the Institute of Archaeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences], R-1, № 7450, 7450a [in Russian].
  13. Kuznetsova, Sedova 1991 – Kuznetsova L.V., Sedova M.S. Kurgannyi mogil’nik srubnoi kultury u s. Volchanka v Kuibyshevskom Zavolzh’e [Kurgan cemetery of the timber-grave culture near Volchanka village on the left bank of the Volga, Kuibyshev area]. Sovetskaya arkheologiya [Soviet archaeology], 1991, no. 3, pp. 161–177. Available at: [in Russian].
  14. Otroshchenko 1979 – Otroshchenko V.V. O sotsial’nom chlenenii pogrebenii srubnoi kultury [On the social division of the burials of the timber-grave culture]. In: Problemy epokhi bronzy yuga Vostochnoi Evropy. Tezisy dokladov konferentsii [Problems of the Bronze Age of the South of Eastern Europe. Scientific conference abstracts]. Donetsk: IA AN USSR, 1979, pp. 86–87 [in Russian].
  15. Otroshchenko 1990 – Otroshchenko V.V. Ideologicheskie vozzreniya plemen epokhi bronzy na territorii Ukrainy (po materialam srubnoi kultury) [Ideological views of the tribes of the Bronze Age on the territory of Ukraine (according to the materials of the timber-grave culture). In: Obryady i verovaniya drevnego naseleniya Ukrainy [Rites and beliefs of the ancient population of Ukraine]. Kiev: Nauk. dumka, 1990, pp. 5–16 [in Russian].
  16. Radkhakrishnan 1993 – Radkhakrishnan Sarvepalli. Indiiskaya filosofiya: v 2 t. Nauchn. red. V. I. Kalyanova, A.S. Barkhudarova. T. 1. [Indian philosophy: in 2 Vols. V.I. Kalyanov, A.S. Barkhudarov (Ed.). Vol. 1]. M.: Mif, 1993, 624 p. [in Russian].
  17. Rigveda 1989 – Rigveda: v 3 t. T. 1. Mandaly I—IV. Per. T. Ya. Elizarenkovoi [Rigveda: in 3 Vols. Vol. 1. Mandalas I–IV. Translated by T.Ya. Elizarenkova]. M.: Nauka, 1989, 768 p. [in Russian].
  18. Suprunenko 2011 – Suprunenko A.B. Fedorovskii idol i kurgan [Fedorovsky idol and mound]. Kiev; Poltava: Tsentr pamyatnikovedeniya NANU, 2011, 84 p. [in Russian].



Abstract: 994

PDF (Russian): 295




  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Kisly A.E.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies