Cite item


In the article, devoted to the study of the novel of I.S. Turgenev «Fathers and sons», the issue of «family circle» of the Bazarovs is viewed, the relationship of parents with their son in his infant-childhood is reconstructed, the influence of the «Spartan ethics» of the father, and of love, «lullaby of overfeeding» of the mother on the formation of psychomental structure of the personality of the hero is traced. In the light of psychoanalysis and the «practical theory» of alexithymia, the reasons for Bazarov’s restrained attitude to parents are revealed; the son returns to them that they unwittingly, without suspecting it, in love to him and in cares of him in him generated: meager empathy, stereotype of thinkng and language enslavement, actions on «archaic algorithm», «idiosyncrasy», painful reaction to all poetically sublime. Childhood thus left in the life of the hero almost no creative «memory trace». Unlike the heroes of F. M. Dostoevsky at Bazarov was not «sacred and precious memories», carried by him in life from childhood and grace echoed in his heart. Between father’s house and Bazarov lies the psychological abyss, dug by the parents. Therefore, it is clear that he does not hurry to return home: he circles near the «mother’s hearth», but does not go home for a long time, does not come even on his angel’s day, when his mother and father are especially waiting for him. For Bazarov parental home associated with a sense of boredom. Alexithymic Bazarov, who performs mechanical actions, does not find a place where there was a reunion with the soul, the body begins to take revenge and «talk» with him about symptoms of the disease. Parental home is for Bazarov «phobic» place that awakens in the consciousness of the hero images and states of boredom, emptiness, darkness, symbolically fixed in his last perception of the outgoing life – death: «Now... darkness...»

About the authors

G. Yu. Karpenko

Samara National Research University

Author for correspondence.
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7045-4310

Doctor of Philological Sciences, professor, Department of Russian and Foreign Literature and Public Relations

L. B. Karpenko

Samara National Research University

ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1381-6992

Doctor of Philological Sciences, professor, Department of Russian Language and Mass Communication


  1. Korosteleva 1993 – Korosteleva I.S., Rotenberg V.S. Problema aleksitimii v kontekste povedencheskikh kontseptsii psikhosomaticheskikh rasstroistv [The problem of alexithymia in the context of behavioral concepts of psychosomatic disorders]. In: Telesnost’ cheloveka: mezhdistsiplinarnye issledovaniya. Sbornik statei [Human physicality: interdisciplinary studies. Collected papers]. M., 1993, pp. 136–143 [in Russian].
  2. Leibniz 1982 – Leibniz G.V. Sochineniya: v 4 t. [Writings: in 4 Vols.]. M.: mysl’, 1982–1989, Vol. 2, 686 p. [in Russian].
  3. McDougall 2002 – McDougall J. Teatr dushi. Illyuziya i pravda na psikhoanaliticheskoi stsene [Theatre of the soul. Illusion and truth on the psychoanalytic stage]. SPb.: Izdatel’stvo veip, 2002, 312 p. [in Russian].
  4. Mann 1987 – Mann Yu. V. Bazarov i drugie [Bazarov and others]. In: Mann Yu.V. Dialektika khudozhestvennogo obraza [Dialectics of the artistic image]. M.: Sovetskii pisatel’, 1987, pp. 97–132 [in Russian].
  5. Markovich 2018 – Markovich V.M. O Turgeneve: raboty raznykh let [About Turgenev: works of different years]. SPb.: Rostok, 2018, 541 p. [in Russian].
  6. Markovich 2008 – Markovich V.M. Roman I.S. Turgeneva «Ottsy i deti» v otechestvennom literaturovedenii 1952–2006 godov [I.S. Turgenev’s novel «Fathers and sons» in the domestic literary criticism of 1952–2006]. In: Turgenev I.S. Ottsy i deti. Seriya «Literaturnye pamyatniki» [«Fathers and sons». Series «Literary monuments»]. SPb.: Nauka, 2008, 640 p. [in Russian].
  7. Masing-Delic 1985 – Masing-Delic I. Bazarov pered Sfinksom: nauchnoe anatomirovanie i esteticheskaya forma v romane Turgeneva «Ottsy i deti» [Bazarov in front of the Sphinx: scientific anatomy and aesthetic form in the novel by Turgenev «Fathers and sons»]. Revue des йtudes slaves, tome 57, fascicule 3, Paris, 1985, pp. 369–383 [in Russian].
  8. Moskacheva, Kholmogorova, Garanyan 2014 – Moskacheva M.A., Kholmogorova A.B., Garanyan N.G. Aleksitimiya i sposobnost’ k empatii [Alexithymia and power to empathy]. Konsul’tativnaya psihologiya i psihoterapiya [Counseling psychology and psychotherapy], 2014, Vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 98–114. Available at: [in Russian].
  9. Pascal 2009 – Paskal B. Mysli [Thoughts]. M.: AVANTA+, 2009, 256 p. [in Russian].
  10. Svendsen 2003 – Svendsen L. Filosofiya skuki [Philosophy of boredom]. M.: Progress-Traditsiya, 2003, 256 p. [in Russian].
  11. Thompson 2000 – Thompson D. «Brat’ya Karamazovy» i poetika pamyati [«The Brothers Karamazov» and the poetics of memory]. SPb.: Akademicheskii proekt, 2000, 344 p. [in Russian].
  12. Trunov 2010 – Trunov D.G. Vidy i mekhanizmy funktsional’noi aleksitimii [The types and mechanisms of functional alexithymia]. Vestnik Permskogo universiteta. Seriya «Filosofiya, psikhologiya, sotsiologiya» [Perm University Herald. Series «Philosophy. Psychology. Sociology»], 2010, Issue 2(2), pp. 93–99. Available at: [in Russian].
  13. Fromm 2002 – Fromm E. Gumanisticheskii psikhoanaliz [Humanistic psychoanalysis]. SPb.: Piter, 2002, 544 p. [in Russian].

Copyright (c) 2018 Karpenko G.Y., Karpenko L.B.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies