Abstract


The article is devoted to the study of Turgenev’s novel «Fathers and Sons», to the consideration of the image of Evgeny Bazarov. Despite the study of the work, some significant problems remained unsolved. One of these problems is connected with the inconsistency of Bazarov’s nature, with the central question of how his titanic possibilities for practical activity are consistent with his emotional scarcity. The task of this scientific article is determined by the need to pay attention not to the ideological characteristics of the hero, but to his psychosomatic personality type.
In this regard, the aim of the work is put forward: to systematically mark and describe the psychomental and behavioral manifestations of Bazarov, to reveal the multidimensional integrity of his anthropological type. To solve these problems, structural-semiotic, cultural-historical and comparative-historical methods are used, methods of psychiatric description are used. Sources of study were the novel by I. S. Turgenev, as well as, in addition to literary works, special studies on psychiatric problems.
The article for the first time considers the whole complex of mental and psychosomatic manifestations of Bazarov, which later psychiatrists and psychoanalysts, observing their patients, identified as signs of alexithymia. For the first time it is proved that Bazarov – alexithymic, which is characterized by emotional and lexical silence, underdeveloped imagination, operational thinking, lack of empathy, replacement of «verbal emotion» somatic reactions, practical prudence and a tendency to «escape» in repetitive actions, comprehensive nihilism-all that became the anthropological basis of his cultural and historical personality. The results of the article differ in scientific novelty, allow to clarify not only the existing ideas about the image of Bazarov, but also about the creative genius of I. S. Turgenev, who managed to embody in the word such a type of person, which in psychiatry will be described only in 1970.


About the authors

G. Yu. Karpenko

Samara National Research University

Author for correspondence.
Email: morenov@ssau.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7045-4310

Doctor of Philological Sciences, professor, Department of Russian and Foreign Literature and Public Relations

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