The article discloses the notion of non-linearity in terms of functional (pragmasemantic) characteristics of business English discourse. The authors support the traditional concept of linearity in reference to speech structural organisation; but at the same time they note that the formation of the sense system makes a much more multifaceted process than a successive addition of text components.
Firstly, numerous links are established in a speech chain not only between adjacent units, but also between distant parts of the text. Secondly, even successive phrases acquire additional connotations and sense accretions, as in the course of speech build-up pragmatic and semantic components accrue as specific properties peculiar to this very context and disappear or transform in a different medium. Thirdly, such interaction of all the text elements results in generating «new senses» which the famous linguist, academician L.V. Shcherba, considered even more important than the text syntax. Thus, multisided and diverse discourse links and relations create its aggregate non-linear functional space, which actualises sense accretions on the principle of synergism (figuratively speaking, «2 + 2 = 5»).
The authors analise this phenomenon based on the examples of different business English registers. The authors come to the conclusion that irrespective of the genre, style, national variant of English the property of non-linearity is always realised in communicants’ actual interaction. This property must be used intentionally and appropriately for enhancing the efficiency of rhetoric impacts and harmonising partners’ interaction, especially in international communication.

About the authors

E. V. Ponomarenko

MGIMO University

Author for correspondence.
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2422-954X

Doctor of Philological Sciences, professor of English Language Department N 4

G. A. Parshutina

MGIMO University

ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1381-6992

seniour lecturer of English Language Department N 4


  1. David Lipton on energizing global growth [Electronic resource]. Available at: [in English].
  2. Dijk T.A. van. Issues in Functional Discourse Analysis, H. Pinkster (Ed.), Liber Amicorum for Simon Dik. Dordrecht: Foris, Netherlands, 1990, pp. 27-46 [in English].
  3. Khramchenko, D., Radyuk, A. The Synergy of Modern Business English Discourse: Holistic Approach to Teaching Unconventional Rhetoric. In: Proceedings of INTED2014 Conference 10th - 12th March, 2014. Valencia, Spain, pp. 6779-6783 [in English].
  4. Knyazeva E.N., Kurdyumov S.P. Foundations of Synergetics: Blow-up Regimes, Self-Organisation, Tempoworlds, Russian Federation. Available at:
  5. [in English].
  6. Malyuga E.N., Orlova S.N. The Art of Business Interviewing in ESP Training. EDULEARN16 Proceedings. Barcelona, Spain, 2016, pp. 7231–7235 [in English].
  7. Przystup J.J. Japan-China Relations: Past as Prologue. Comparative Connections. A Triannual E-Journal on East Asian Bilateral Relations, 2014, Vol. 16 (1). [Electronic resource]. Availabl;e at: [in English].
  8. Arutyunova N.D. Diskurs [Discourse]. In: Iazykoznanie. Bol’shoi entsiklopedicheskii slovar’. Gl. red. V.N. Iartseva. 2-e izd. [Linguistics. Large encyclopedic dictionary. V.N. Yartseva (Ed.). 2nd edition]. M.: Bol’shaia Rossiiskaia entsiklopediia, 2000, 688 p. [in Russian].
  9. Ledeneva S.N. O diskursivnykh svoistvakh reklamnykh tekstov [On discursive features of advertisements]. Filologicheskie nauki v MGIMO [Philology at MGIMO], 2017, no. 4 (12), pp. 36–42. Available at: [in Russian].
  10. Malakhova V.L. Vliianie diskursivnogo prostranstva na formirovanie pritiazhatel’nogo smysla [Influence of discursive space on formation of possessive meaning]. Filologicheskie nauki. Voprosy teorii i praktiki [Philological Sciences. Issues of Theory and Practice], 2015, no. 2 (44), Part 1, pp. 138–140. Available at: : [in Russian].
  11. Malakhova V.L. Funktsional’nye svoistva kategorii pritiazhatel’nosti v angliiskom diskurse: dis. … kand. filol. nauk [Functional properties of the category of possessiveness in English discourse: Candidate’s of Philological Sciences thesis]. Samara, 2011, 187 p. [in Russian].
  12. Malyuga E.N. Funktsional’no-pragmaticheskie osobennosti rechevogo povedeniia britanskikh i amerikanskikh uchastnikov mezhkul’turnoi delovoi kommunikatsii: Monografiia [Functional and pragmatic features of verbal behaviour of British and American participants in intercultural business communication: monograph]. M.: RUDN, 2007, 194 p. [in Russian].
  13. Novaia filosofskaia entsiklopediia [New encyclopedia of philosophy] Available at: [in Russian].
  14. Ponomarenko E.V. O funktsional’noi nelineinosti angliiskogo iazyka i diskursa [On functional non-linearity of English language and discourse]. Vestnik Brianskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta [The Bryansk State University Herald], 2017, no. 2(32), pp. 248–254. Available at: [in Russian].
  15. Ponomarenko E.V., Parshutina G.A. Dinamiko-sistemnye svoistva glagolov kommunikatsii v angliiskom delovom diskurse [Dynamic and systems properties of verbs of communication in English business discourse. Vestnik Samarskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta [Vestnik of Samara State University. 2015, no. 1 (123), pp. 98–103 [in Russian].
  16. Sadovskiy V.N. Sistema [System]. In: Novaia filosofskaia entsiklopediia: v 4 t.. Institut filosofii RAN. 2-e izd. [New Encyclopedia of Philosophy. RAS Institute of philosophy. 2nd edition]. M.: Mysl’, 2010. [Eleсtroniс resource]. URL: [in Russian]
  17. Haken H., Haken-Krell M. Tainy vospriiatiia. Sinergetika kak kliuch k mozgu [The mystery of perception. Synergetics as a key to the mind]. M.: In-t komp’iuternykh issledovanii, 2002, 272 p. [in Russian].
  18. Kharkovskaya A.A. Virtual’nye «vizitnye kartochki» sovremennykh amerikanskikh i britanskikh shkol: opyt diskurs-analiza [Virtual «calling cards» of modern American and British schools: experience of discourse analysis]. In: Aktual’nye problemy angliiskogo iazykoznaniia: sb. nauch. statei k iubileiu professora O.V. Aleksandrovoi. Pod red. T.A. Komovoi, D.S. Mukhortova [Topical issues of English linguistics: collection of research articles on the jubilee of the professor O.V. Aleksandrova. T.A. Komova, D.S. Mukhorotov (Eds.)]. M.: MAKS Press, 2012, pp. 383–391 [in Russian].
  19. Khramchenko D.S. Ironiia kak sredstvo aktivizatsii sinergiinykh protsessov pragma-semanticheskoi samoorganizatsii angliiskogo delovogo diskursa [Irony as a means of activation of synergetic processes of pragma-semantic self-organisation in English business discourse]. Vestnik Samarskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta [Vestnik of Samara State University], 2009, no. 1 (67), pp. 175–180 [in Russian].
  20. Shcherba L.V. Iazykovaia sistema i rechevaia deiatel’nost’ [Language system and speech activity]. M.: Editorial URSS, 2004, 428 p. [in Russian].



Abstract: 1167

PDF (Russian): 355




  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Ponomarenko E.V., Parshutina G.A.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies