FORMATION OF UNIVERSAL COMPETENCES OF STUDENTS BY MEANS OF THE DISCIPLINE «HEALTH AND SAFETY»

Abstract

In connection with the deterioration of the health of the population, the negative demographic situation, frequent emergencies in Russia and around the world, etc., the discipline «health and safety» was introduced in all Russian universities. The modernization of modern education, which has been taking place in recent years in the country, is accompanied by a change in the standards of education. In the first generation FSES, health and safety was to form the competence «possession of the basic methods of protection of production personnel and the population from the possible consequences of accidents, catastrophes, natural disasters». According to the FSES 3 + bachelor’s program was to establish general cultural competence OK-9 «Ability to use first aid techniques, methods of protection in emergency situations». New FSES in 3++ expand the goals and objectives of the discipline. As a result of the development of health and safety should be formed universal competence of the UK-8 «Able to create and maintain safe living conditions, including in case of emergencies».
Thus, there was a need for the formation of young people’s motivation for a culture of safe life. The conscious need of society for safe behavior in everyday life, educational institution, at work, rest, allowing to preserve, strengthen their health, improve the quality of their lives and the lives of their loved ones, should become a vital need of every person.
To form a universal competence of the future graduate of the University in solving real problems arising in life, we use a variety of interactive teaching methods: analysis of situational problems, game modeling, thematic debates, brainstorming. The use of various methodological techniques aimed at activating the cognitive and activity functions of the individual, contributes to the actualization of its value orientations, self-development and successful socialization in society, and ultimately, forms students “ culture of safe life.

About the authors

I. G. Kretova

Samara National Research University

Author for correspondence.
Email: morenov@ssau.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7045-4310

Doctor of Medical Sciences, professor, professor of the Department of Human and Animal Physiology

References

  1. Badmaev B.Ts. Psikhologiia i metodika uskorennogo obucheniia [Psychology and principles of accelerated education]. M.: Gumanit. izd. tsentr «VLADOS», 1998, 272 p. [in Russian].
  2. Boltyanskaya T.O. Situativnye zadachi kak sredstvo formirovaniia finansovo-ekonomicheskogo myshleniia studentov tekhnikuma: dis. ... kand. ped. nauk [Contextual tasks as means of formation of financial and econmic thinking of students of a technical high school: Candidate’s of Pedagogical Sciences thesis]. Ekaterinburg, 2006, 230 p. [in Russian].
  3. Vishnevsky P.N. Metod modelirovaniia problemnykh situatsii [Method of modeling of problem situations]. Vysshee obrazovanie v Rossii [Higher education in Russia], 2017, no. 12, pp. 71–77. Available at: http://vovr.ru/upload/12-17.pdf [in Russian].
  4. Zharavina I.A. Ispol’zovanie situatsionnykh zadach v adaptatsii uchebnogo materiala gumanitarnykh distsiplin pri obuchenii studentov tekhnicheskogo vuza po zaochnoi forme [The use of situational problems in the adaptation of educational material of humanitarian disciplines in the training of students of a technical college by correspondence]. Fundamental’nye issledovaniia [Fundamental research], 2014, no. 8-4, pp. 955–960. Available at: http://fundamental-research.ru/ru/article/view?id=34702 (accessed 13.07.2018) [in Russian].
  5. Pogodina V.A., Babenko A.I., Babenko E.A., Guselnikova N.A. Dinamika zabolevaemosti u naseleniia razlichnykh vozrastnykh grupp v Rossiiskoi Federatsii i Novosibirskoi oblasti [The dynamics of morbidity in the population of different age groups in the Russian Federation and the Novosibirsk Region]. Vestnik Ural’skoi meditsinskoi akademicheskoi nauki [Journal of Ural Medical Academical Science], 2016, no. 2, pp. 170–179. DOI: https://doi.org/10.22138/2500-0918-2016-14-2-170-179 [in Russian].
  6. Polikarpov A.V., Ogryzko E.V. Dinamika zabolevaemosti naseleniia starshe trudosposobnogo vozrasta v Rossiiskoi Federatsii za 2010–2013 gody [Dynamics of morbidity of the population over working age in the Russian Federation for the period 2010–2013]. Menedzher zdravookhraneniia [Manager of Health Care], 2015, no. 2, pp. 37–46. URL: http://www.idmz.ru/jurnali/menedger-zdravoohranenija/2015/2/dinamika-zabolevaemosti-naseleniia-starshe-trudosposobnogo-vozrasta-v-rossiiskoi-federatsii-za-2010-2013-gody [in Russian].
  7. Senashenko V.S. O reformirovanii otechestvennoi sistemy vysshego obrazovaniia: nekotorye itogi [On reforming the national system of higher education: some results]. Vysshee obrazovanie v Rossii [Higher education in Russia], 2017, no. 6, pp. 5–15. Available at: http://vovr.ru/upload/6-17.pdf [in Russian].
  8. Solovova N.V. Printsipy razrabotki i aktualizatsii obrazovatel’nykh programm s uchetom professional’nykh standartov [Principles for the development and updating of educational programs in accordance with professional standards]. In: Obrazovanie v sovremennom mire: innovatsionnye strategii: sbornik nauchnykh trudov Mezhdunarodnoi nauchno-metodicheskoi konferentsii (Samara, 25 fevralia 2016 g.). Otv. red. T.I. Rudneva [Education in the modern world: innovative strategies: collection of research papers of the International research and methodological conference (Samara, February 25, 2016). T.I. Rudneva (Ed.)]. Samara: Izd-vo «Samarskii universitet», 2016, pp. 324–333 [in Russian].

Statistics

Views

Abstract: 1013

PDF (Russian): 339

Dimensions

PlumX

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Kretova I.G.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies