WAYS OF OVERCOMING NATIONAL CRISIS OF 1917 IN THE VOLGA REGION

Abstract

In the article ways of overcoming national crisis of 1917 are considered, ways of relationship between the power and society in the Russian province are shown. Public political associations during the Great Russian revolution fought for the power mainly in the bepartiyny country. In this regard the mechanism of impact of political forces on «revolutionary streams» is considered. Methods of establishment of Soviet local authorities which were used by Bolsheviks are at the same time reconsidered. In this regard become clear the confrontation reason, and then and crisis in the democratic camp on the eve of October, 1917, questions of tactics in race for power of various political parties and associations are considered. Revolutionary explosion is followed by localization of organizational actions in the general direction of the movement. In this regard, it is expedient to consider him by the comparative and comparative analysis between the center and the province on the one hand, and with another – between certain provinces in a certain region. The Volga region was a peculiar example of Russian provincial mentality where all collisions between the people and the power have found the expression. Peculiar features of manifestation of system crisis caused by attempts of modernization of Russia on the western sample are shown in the article and predefiniteness of the Soviet choice is proved. For the characteristic of institutional collisions functional and structural analysis is used. At the same time the motivation of actions of compact social groups, political parties, public organizations comes to light. The comparative and comparative method allows to reveal the general and special in the development of revolution. The case of historical sources is presented by documents of funds of provincial commissioners of Provisional government, city structures of public management and some materials of periodicals. In the article scientific and significant tasks in which ways and methods of influence of social and political forces on forms of state construction in the conditions of revolution are considered are set and solved.

About the authors

N. N. Kabytova

Samara National Research University

Author for correspondence.
Email: morenov@ssau.ru

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