DYNAMICS OF THE SEMANTIC FIELD OF THE WORD «ВЗЯТКА» (BRIBE) IN THE RUSSIAN LANGUAGE

Abstract

The article discusses meanings of the words related to the semantic

field of ‘bribery’, which is now growing in the Russian language.

Drawing from various lexicographical sources, the author focuses on

lexical and phraseological units denoting such social vice as bribery. It

is shown how the word family with the common root “взятк-” is

expanding; how the meanings of the lexical units in this field are

transformed; and how this semantic field functions in the legal discourse.

Comparative analysis of the colloquial usage of these words and their

usage as terms in professional discourse reveals significant differences

in the meanings of certain units. The author used the Russian National

Corpus to analyze the collocations of the word «взятка» and to

reconstruct the perception of this phenomenon in Russian society.

Special attention is paid to the system of euphemistic nominations

performing various pragmatic functions: euphemisms conceal the real

nature ofsuch actions; change the negative evaluation of this phenomenon

into positive; and reduce the communicative discomfort. The article

describes how condemnation of bribery is replaced by a more ambivalent

attitude in contemporary publicistic writings.

 

About the authors

A. M. Plotnikova

Ural Federal University

Author for correspondence.
Email: morenovsv@ssau.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1825-0097

K. V. Starikova

Ural Federal University

Email: morenovsv@ssau.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1825-0097

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