RADIOUNIVERSITY IN THE SYSTEM OF ORAL ANTI-RELIGIOUS PROPAGANDA IN 1930-IES (ON THE EXAMPLE OF TASSR)

Abstract

The activity of radiouniversity as an oral tool of antireligious propaganda was represented rather widely in soviet historiography, however due to ideological constraints of the latter, the objectivity of their interpretation has been questioned by contemporary scholars in consequence of which this theme get polemical character. Turn to micro-history caused special interest to the local aspect of the problem which had been predominantly ignored in the previous years. Ethno-religious peculiarities of TASSR, which differ it from the other regions of the Soviet state, singles out the regional radiounivesity against the general system of soviet antireligious propaganda in the 1930-ies. This article looks at the diversity of forms of antireligious propaganda implemented in the TASSR as well as the question about the role of radiouniversity in the above mentioned system is placed. Special attention is paid to the analysis of its efficiency among semi-literate local population. The author concludes that the religious consciousness of the believers was rather high as well as their ability to resist ideological pressure of the authorities.

About the authors

V. N. Mukhin

Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University

Author for correspondence.
Email: morenov.sv@ssau.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1825-0097
Russian Federation

References

  1. Àteismy. Retrieved from: http://www.ateismy.net/content/spravochnik/kritika/pjatiletka
  2. [in Russian].
  3. Baltanov R.G. Sotsiologicheskie problemy v sisteme nauchno-ateisticheskogo vospitaniia [Sociological problems in the system of scientific and atheistic education]. Kazan: izd-vo Kazansk.un-ta, 1973, 215 p. [in Russian].
  4. Vakhitov M.Kh. Kul’turnaia revoliutsiia v Tatarii (1917–1937 gg.) [Cultural revolution in Tatarstan (1917 – 1937)]. Kazan, 1986 [in Russian].
  5. Voprosy nauchnogo ateizma [Issues of scientific atheism]. A.F. Okulov et al (Eds.). M.: Mysl’, 1966. Vypusk 4: Pobedy nauchno-ateisticheskogo mirovozzreniia v SSSR za 50 let. Red.
  6. A.F. Okulov [i dr.] [Issue Victories of scientific an atheistic mentality in the USSR in 50 years]. A.F. Okulov et al. (Eds.), 1967, 463 p. [in Russian].
  7. Vorontsov G.V. Massovyi ateizm: stanovlenie i razvitie [Mass atheism: formation and development]. L.: Lenizdat, 1983, 182 p. [in Russian].
  8. Nabiev R.A., Gafarov A.A., Ibragimov R.R. Gosudarstvenno-konfessional’nye otnosheniia v Rossii: uchebnoe posobie [State-confessional relations in Russia. Learning guide]. Kazan:
  9. Kazanskii universitet, 2013, p. [in Russian].
  10. Mutovkin L.A. Iz istorii otechestvennogo radio [From the history of national radio]. Omsk, 2008, 52 p.
  11. NA RT F. Ð-5263. Op. 1.D. 9. L. 31 [in Russian].
  12. Nabiev R.A. Na putiakh nauchnogo mirovozzreniia. Istoriia, problemy, uroki [On the ways of scientific mentality. History, problems, lessons]. Kazan, 1991, 255 p. [in Russian].
  13. Nabiev R.A. Politika Sovetskogo gosudarstva po otnosheniiu k religii i tserkvi v 1920–1930-e gg. Dis. dokt. ist. nauk [Soviet policy towards religion and church between 1920 and 1930-ies. Doctor’s of Historical sciences thesis]. Kazan, 1992, 218 p. [in Russian].
  14. Nabiev R.A. U istokov massovogo ateizma (Iz opyta ateisticheskoi raboty partiinoi organizatsii Tatarii v period stroitel’stva sotsializma (1917–1937 gg.)) [At the origins of mass atheism. (From the experience of atheistic activities by communist party organization in the Republic of Tatarstan in the years of socialist development) (1917–1937)). Kazan, 1984, 210 p. [in Russian].
  15. Ob antireligioznoi propagande [About anti religious propaganda]. M., 1934 [in Russian].
  16. Persits M.M. Velikaia Oktiabr’skaia sotsialisticheskaia revoliutsiia i sozdanie uslovii dlia rasprostraneniia ateizma v massakh [Great October Socialist Revolution and creation of
  17. environment to propagate atheism among the nation]. Voprosy nauchnogo ateizma, vyp. [Questions of scientific atheism. Issue 4]. M.: Mysl’, 1967, pp. 15–37 [in Russian].
  18. Saveliev S.N. Emel’ian Iaroslavskii – propagandist marksistskogo ateizma [Emelian Yaroslavsky – promoter of Marxist atheism]. L.: Izd-vo Leningr. un-ta, 1976, 104 p. [in Russian].
  19. Tatianchikov A.V. Sovetskaia istoriografiia deiatel’nosti kommunisticheskoi partii po ateisticheskomu vospitaniiu trudiashchikhsia v perekhodnyi period (1917 – konets 30-kh gg.): Dissertatsiia na soiskanie uchenoi stepeni kand. ist. nauk. 07.00.01. Nauchn. ruk. A.A. Shishkin [Soviet historiography of communist party activities in the sphere of atheistic education of working class in the transition era (1917 – late 30-ies): Candidate’s of Historical Sciences thesis 07.00.01. Scientific supervisor A.A. Shishkin]. Kazan: Kazansk. gos. universitet im. V.I. Ul’ianova-Lenina, 1988, 224 p. [in Russian].
  20. Firsov S.L. «Vlast’ i ogon’»: Tserkov’ i sovetskoe gosudarstvo: 1918 – nach. 1940-kh gg.: ocherki istorii [“Power and fire”: Church and soviet state: 1918 – 1940-ies: history notes]. M.: PSTGU, 2014, 474 p. [in Russian].
  21. Firsov S.L. Byla li bezbozhnaia piatiletka [Was there an atheistic five-year plan]. NG religii, 2002, October, 30
  22. TsGA IPD RT [Central State Archive Historical Party Documents of the RT] F.15. Op. 3. D. 1712. L.32.

Statistics

Views

Abstract: 1265

PDF (Russian): 374

Dimensions

PlumX

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2016 Mukhin V.N.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies