TEA TRADE IN THE UFA PROVINCE (SECOND HALF OF THE XIX – BEGINNING OF THE XX CENTURY)

Abstract

The main drink of the multinational population of the Southern Urals in the XIX century was the tea brought from China through Siberia. The main centers of the tea trade were first Menzelinsk, then Ufa, where large fairs were held. Tea was also sold on all smaller fairs of the Orenburg province. At the end of the XIX century increased the supply of tea from the seaports, but at the beginning of the XX century again dominated Chinese tea from Siberia. The turnover of the tea market in the Ufa province
accounted for millions of rubles. By the beginning of the XX century, there was a system of regional tea trade, in rural areas it is mainly combined the sale of tea with sugar. Ufa became one of the most important in the Russian center of wholesale tea trade. Here operated the largest tea trade firms of Vysotsky, Gribushina, “Caravan” and Kuznetsov, tea-packing factory was opened.
It is shown that by the beginning of the XX century among the multinational population of Southern Urals strong and mass culture of tea consumption was formed. The strength of this tradition even tried to use at struggle with excessive drinking by opening public tea houses all over the Ufa province.

About the authors

M. I. Rodnov

Ufa Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Author for correspondence.
Email: morenov.sv@ssau.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1825-0097
Russian Federation

V. N. Makarova

National Museum of the Republic of Bashkortostan

Email: morenov.sv@ssau.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1825-0097
Russian Federation

References

  1. Babst I.K. Kiakhtinskaia torgovlia [Kyakhtinskaya trade]. In: Atenei, zhurnal kritiki, sovremennoi istorii i literatury [Athenaeum, criticism magazine, modern history and iterature].
  2. (M.), 1858, Part March and April [in Russian].
  3. Gudkova Z.I. Predprinimateli Iuzhnogo Urala [Entrepreneurs of the Southern Urals]. Ufa, 2003 [in Russian].
  4. Gurvich N. Menzelinskaia iarmarka 1872 goda [Menzelinsky Fair of 1872]. Offprint [in Russian].
  5. Gurvich N.A. Iarmarki. K istorii iarmarok voobshche i k statistike iarmarok v Ufimskoi gubernii [Trade fairs. On the history of fairs in general and to the statistics of trade fairs in the Ufa province]. Ufa, 1884 [in Russian].
  6. Dashkevich L.A. Kupecheskaia blagotvoritel’nost’ kak iavlenie obshchestvennoi zhizni ural’skogo goroda [Merchant charity as a social phenomenon of the Ural city]. In: Material’nyi faktor i predprinimatel’stvo v povsednevnoi zhizni naseleniia Rossii: istoriia i sovremennost’ (regional’nyi aspekt). Pod obshch. red. V.A. Veremenko [Material factor and entrepreneurship in the everyday life of the Russian population: Past and Present (regional aspect)]. Veremenko V.A. (Ed.). SPb., 2016 [in Russian].
  7. Makarov V.N. Vospominaniia peterburgskogo kadeta, ili zhizn’ v provintsii v gody revoliutsii i Grazhdanskoi voiny [Memories of St. Petersburg cadet, or life in the province during the Revolution and the Civil War] in Sudeb sviazuiushchaia nit’. Kraevedcheskii al’manakh. Vyp. 4. Gl. red. i sost. G.A. Iksanova [Destiny connecting thread. Regional natural history almanac. Issue 4]. Iksanova G.A. (Ed.). Ufa, 2004 [in Russian].
  8. Moskovskie vedomosti [Moscow Gazette], 1862, October, 10 [in Russian].
  9. Mushkalov S.M. Gribushiny. Permskoi gubernii dinastiia [The Gribushins. Perm province dynasty]. Perm, 2007 [in Russian].
  10. Orenburgskie gubernskie vedomosti. Ofitsial’naia i neofitsial’naia chasti [Orenburg Provincial Gazette. Official and unofficial part] [in Russian].
  11. Petrov Yu.A. Moskovskaia burzhuaziia v nachale XX veka: Predprinimatel’stvo i politika [Moscow bourgeoisie at the beginning of the XX century: Entrepreneurship and politics]. Moscow, 2002 [in Russian].
  12. Rodnov M.I. Prostranstvo khlebnogo rynka (Ufimskaia guberniia v kontse XIX – nachale XX vv.) [Space of the grain market (Ufa province in the late XIX – early XX centuries)]. Ufa, 2012 [in Russian].
  13. Rodnov M.I. U istokov ufimskoi pressy, vkupe s progulkami po starinnoi Ufe i prostoram Bashkirii [At the root of the Ufa press, along with walks on the old Ufa and wide open spaces of Bashkiria]. Ufa, 2009 [in Russian].

Statistics

Views

Abstract: 1339

PDF (Russian): 393

Dimensions

PlumX

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2016 Rodnov M.I., Makarova V.N.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies