Settlement and economic development of the Mekhrengsky camp of the Kargopol district are investigated. Approximate time of emergence of settlements in the basin of the river Mekhrenga becomes clear, administrative and territorial situation, borders of the camp are established; the role of a geographical factor in the formation of the system of settlements is revealed. The causes of difference in the designation of small administrative units (volost, volostka) are explained. Development of settlements and churchyards is shown. The principles of reduction of the number of tyagloviy villages and enlargement of settlements are defined. The number of villages and yards, number, social structure of the population in the middle of the XVI – middle of the XVII centuries is defined. It is said about the formation of Kolodozersky desert in Mekhrenga camp.

About the authors

A. P. Pobezhimov

OOO «SKS-reserve»

Author for correspondence.
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1825-0097
Russian Federation


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