Authorial compatibility of words in I.A. Goncharov’s novels: comparative stylometry

Abstract


The following article deals with peculiarities of unique lexical compatibility in classical prose of the
XIX century and contains preliminary results of the cross-disciplinary corpus research performed by group of scientists of the Ural Federal University. This project suggests creation of individual syntagmatic profiles for the famous Russian writers. With works of I.A. Goncharov as an example and compared to the texts of other authors special context surrounding for words «zhizn’» («life») and «zhit’» («live») is systematized. Initial material is extracted through comparative statistical analysis of bigrams – lexical pairs, when used in the same phrase context. Lexems «zhizn’» («life») and «zhit’» («live») are one of the most frequent words in Russian language, however, each author tends to use them in his own, special context surrounding. Novels by I.A. Goncharov («A Common Story», «Oblomov», «The Precipice», «Frigate “Pallada”») provide relatively more issues of author’s individual lexical compatibility for these words, than texts created by others; in addition a full list of «syntagmatically active» words for Goncharov’s texts is represented in this article. Context analysis is conducted to show, how semantic connections between words in contexts reflect conceptual characteristics of Goncharov’s idiostyle. Comments on the individual use of words «zhizn’» («life») and «zhit’» («live») by other writers – A.P. Chekhov, L.N. Tolstoy, I.S. Turgenev and F.M. Dostoevsky – are given. Conclusions are drawn about perspectives of performing comparative statistical analysis of lexical syntagmatics in modern philology


About the authors

M. Yu. Mukhin

Ural Federal University named after the first President of Russia B.N. Yeltsin

Author for correspondence.
Email: mikhail.mukhin@urfu.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8716-9260

Russian Federation, 19, Mira Street, Yekaterinburg, 620002, Russian Federation

Doctor of Philology, professor of the Department of Fundamental and Applied Linguistics and Textology

M. Yu. Mukhin

Ural Federal University named after the first President of Russia
B.N. Yeltsin

Email: IrinaGortschakowa@yandex.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0344-2774

Russian Federation, 19, Mira Street, Yekaterinburg, 620002, Russian Federation

Candidate of Philology, researcher

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