Parametric status of the subject of utterance


The article proposes a possible solution to the problem of the poly-subjectness of narrative discourse, associated with the hybrid nature of artistic communication, in which not only the world of narration is modeled, but also the communicative situation of communication. As one of the parameters of the discursive process, the analysis of which makes it possible to observe the intensive interaction of a number of systems participating in modeling the imaginary world of a work of art, the subject of the statement is considered, in M. Foucault's terminology, an «empty position» in discourse. The narrative text can be viewed as a complex of a number of communicative phenomena, as a special type of social interaction. A speech act, in which the text becomes an integral component, represents, according to this point of view, a two-unit complex of events, the process of the speaker's production of an utterance and the process of interpretive perception of the finished speech product. The interaction of the author and the reader takes place at the point «I» – «here» – «now» (Origo), in which an event takes place, which in the theory of the speaking subject of Yu. Kristeva is defined as «passing the zero position» subject of evocation-process and statement-result. In a complexly structured artistic message, the dynamics of the subject of utterance is expressed in the alternation of pronoun forms. In the structure of discourse, the subject of utterance forms a position, filling which the grammatical subject realizes the relationship between the grammatical and the communicative system, which represents a complex perspective of communication. The «observer's area», which determines the communicative situation of narrative discourse, completely excluding interpersonal relations (this is what Bakhtin means when he speaks of the absence of dramatic relations between the author and the reader). The introduction of the observer category makes it possible to describe the position of «out-of-access», according to which the author is on the border of fiction. The perspective of the «observer» explains another feature of literary communication, described by M.M. Bakhtin as «the birth of meanings at the moment of meeting (dialogue) of the consciousnesses of both participants».

About the authors

N. K. Danilova

Samara National Research University

Author for correspondence.
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8854-2650

Doctor of Philological Sciences, professor, professor of the Department of German Philology

Russian Federation, 34, Moskovskoye shosse, Samara, 443086, Russian Federation


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