On the issue of the results and prospects of studying the Russian economy during the Civil War in the domestic and foreign historiography


The article analyzes the results and prospects of studying the Russian economy during the Civil War in domestic and foreign historiography. Possible directions of further research work of this important aspect of the problem are indicated. The relevance of the topic is due to the task set by the country's leadership to the Institute of Russian History of the Russian Academy of Sciences to create a new version of the academic history of Russia, in which the events of the Great Russian Revolution and the Civil War of 1917–1922 occupy a special place and remain one of the most controversial issues in modern historical science. This study is based on the principles of historicism and the multifactorial nature of the historical process, which are implemented by the author using historical-comparative, historical-biographical and dialectical methods of studying this problem. Based on the analysis of a significant complex of monographic works devoted to the country's economy during the Civil War or affecting certain aspects of this topic, the author of the article concluded that it was insufficiently studied, especially at the regional level, and pointed out on the need to intensify research in this direction on new sources.

About the authors

V. V. Kondrashin

Institute of Russian History, Russian Academy
of Sciences

Author for correspondence.
Email: morenov@ssau.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7552-9265

Doctor of Historical Sciences, professor, principal researcher, head of the Center for Economic History


  1. Lih 1990 – Lih L. (1990) Bread and Authority in Russia, 1914–1921. Berkeley: University of California Press, 303 p. Available at: https://publishing.cdlib.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft796nb4mj;chunk.id=0;doc.view=pri.nt.
  2. Buldakov., Кabanov 1990 – Buldakov V.P., Кabanov V.V. (1990) «War Communism»: ideology and social development. Issues of History, no 3, pp. 40–58. Available at: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=22892272. (In Russ.)
  3. Volobuev 1962 – Volobuev P.V. (1962) Economic policy of the Provisional Government. Moscow: Izd-vo Akad. nauk SSSR, 483 p. (In Russ.)
  4. Goldin 2018 – Goldin V.I. (2018) Modern historiography of the Civil War in Russia, in Petrov Yu.A. (Ed.) Russia during the Civil War, 1917–1922: power and society on both sides of the front. Moscow: [GTsMSIR], pp. 11–18. (In Russ.)
  5. Kabanov 1988 – Kabanov V.V. (1988) Peasant farm in the conditions of «war communism». Moscow: Nauka, 305 p. Available at: https://na5ballov.pro/lib/noveish/4753-kabanov-vv-krestyanskoe-hozyaystvo-v-usloviyah-voennogo-kommunizma.html. (In Russ.)
  6. Kadzikawa 1996 – Kadzikawa S. (1996) On war communism, in Russia in the XX century: the fate of historical science. Moscow, 1996, pp. 331–336. (In Russ.)
  7. Kondrashin 2009 – Kondrashin V.V. The peasantry of Russia in the Civil War: on the issue of the origins of Stalinism. Moscow: ROSSPEN; Fond Pervogo Prezidenta Rossii B.N. El'tsina, 575 p. Available at: https://na5ballov.pro/lib/noveish/4494-kondrashin-vv-krestyanstvo-rossii-v-grazhdanskoy-voyne-k-voprosu-ob-istokah-stalinizma.html. (In Russ.)
  8. Kondrashin 2020 – Kondrashin V.V. About telegrams of V.I. Lenin to Penza in connection with a peasant uprising in village Kuchki. Russian History, no. 2, pp. 90–95. DOI: http://doi.org/10.31857/S086956870009257-3. (In Russ.)
  9. Pavlyuchenkov 1997 – Pavlyuchenkov S.A. (1997) War communism in Russia: power and the masses. Moscow: Russkoe knigoizdatel'skoe tovarishchestvo – Istorik, 272 p. Available at: https://royallib.com/book/pavlyuchenkov_sergey/voenniy_kommunizm_v_rossii_vlast_i_massi.html. (In Russ.)
  10. Prisyazhniy 1994 – Prisyazhniy N.S. (1994) Economic plague: War Communism in Russia (Historical and economic analysis. 1918–1921). Rostov-on-Don: Izd-vo Rost. un-ta, 452 p. Available at: https://www.rulit.me/programRead.php?program_id=238730&page=1. (In Russ.)



Abstract: 352

PDF (Russian): 132




  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Kondrashin V.V.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies