The concepts «modern», «new» and «timely» in the literary consciousness of the 1920s

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In this article, we are talking about how the time of radical changes transforms the literary situation, changes the very content of modernity. This content includes a change in the types of artistic thinking, the interaction of style trends, the emergence of relevant topics, the change in the very forms of existence of a literary work, the change in the writer's status in society, the birth of new reader requests. Literary modernity is considered as a polyvector process, which includes various creative groups and writing communities. They offer their own innovations. The essence of the novelty of the next epoch can be expressed in an active dispute with the previous literary models. Contemporaries can put different content into the concept of a new one. So, in a highly political 1920-ies features of the new could suddenly acquire focus not on the ideological dominance of creativity and talent on the aesthetic quality of its products, to update the art forms («Serapion's brothers», «Pass»). Under the new one, we understood the variants of a fruitful synthesis of fiction and everyday life, realism and symbolism, realism and expressionism, point specifics and broad abstraction. The fate of individual genres (for example, the novel) was considered. The new could manifest itself in the very understanding of the timeliness (relevance) of a literary work. With the gradual introduction of strict regulation in the literary process, the understanding of such relevance changed (the theory of social order). The non-obviousness of the new (hidden timeliness) allows us to reevaluate the literature of the 1920s, to look at it from a century-old distance. The true innovations of this time are revealed.

About the authors

Sergei A. Golubkov

Samara National Research University

Author for correspondence.
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3423-1520

Dr. philol. habil., Professor, Department of Russian and Foreign Literature and Public Relations

Russian Federation, 34, Moskovskoe Shosse (St.), Samara, 443086, Russian Federation


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