ABOUT SOME TYPES OF CORRUPTION CRIMES IN THE MOSCOW LAW OF THE XVI CENTURY


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Abstract

The article is devoted to criminal-legal characteristics of the false accusations with the aim of seizing someone else’s property as a form of corruption crimes, known to the medieval law of Moscow of the XVI century based on the analysis of public-law acts (statutory and labial letters), legislative (the Pskov Judicial Charter, Code of Laws of 1550) and other sources (notes of foreigners about the Moscow state in XVI century) substantiates the assignment of the considered compositions acquisitive criminal offences to the group of corruption-related crimes. The scheme of the criminal act assumed, first, the presence of secondary crime of false testimony, usually from a person already arrested robber, who pointed to their alleged «accomplices» of the obviously innocent locals. Secondly, the seizure by confiscation of property belonging to knowingly agreed and convicted of complicity in the primary crime. The acquisition of part of someone else’s property determined the selfish motivation of the secondary crime. Thirdly, especially the subject composition, the core of which were representatives of the judiciary and other officials –  a kind of organizers and active participants in the secondary criminal assault. This was the peculiarity of the analyzed tort, characterized by such a social and legal feature as complicity in a secondary mercenary crime of officials exercising their powers in the field of justice.

About the authors

A. G. Bezverkhov

Faculty of Law, Samara National Research University

Author for correspondence.
Email: grigorjewa.katerina@yandex.ru
Russian Federation

References

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