Work of higher education institutes in Kuibyshev in extreme wartime conditions

Abstract


The article analyses the work of institutes in the city of Kuibyshev during the second world war. The war terms for the higher education institutions in the city of Kuibyshev were caused by the beginning of the Great Patriotic War and set by the normative legal acts which were adopted by federal and municipal, government and party authority. According to these acts all the institutes lost the main part of learning campuses, some of them were supposed to be closed. Laboratories and educational property were moved to the warehouse and as a result lost its value for educational process. It reveals the initiative position of institute directors who objected to closing the institutes and offered the plans of institute work in extreme wartime conditions. The educational process was organized in the own remaining areas as well as in the rented schools and technical colleges in the evening and even night time. The diverse institute work such as learning, scientific, educative, public, economic was changed according to the current objectives and tasks of the state. Moreover, the authors show the contribution of Kuibyshev institutes into the Victory.
The authors conclude that spiritual and physical overtension of teaching staff and students, their firm civil position, the support of local party and government authority helped to keep Kuibyshev institutes as the higher education institution system which promoted establishing a strong industrial center during the postwar period in Kuibyshev region.


About the authors

V. V. Ryabov

Moscow Pedagogical State University

Author for correspondence.
Email: morenov@ssau.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7270-2744

Doctor of Historical Sciences, professor, corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Education, president

G. E. Kozlovskaya

head of Samara branch of Moscow City University,

Email: morenov@ssau.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3966-6064

Doctor of Historical Sciences, professor

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