Innovative technologies in machinery

Abstract


The pace of innovative development of the machine-building complex and its structural changes are largely determined by the processes of automation, digitalization, improvement of machinery and equipment. The presented article discusses innovative technologies in mechanical engineering. The main trends in the innovative development of industrial production are: development of high-tech foreign economic activity, formation of an innovative space, digitalization of economy, creation of a unified database of innovative developments, formation of a new scientific base working on solving urgent problems, creation of markets for innovative products. It is determined that at all stages of the product life cycle, digital technologies are included, such as virtual reality, additive manufacturing, the industrial Internet of things, and a virtual trading platform. The definition of innovative and technological development of the machine-building complex is given. Despite the fact that innovative technologies ensure efficiency, agility and cost-effectiveness of production, in Russia the digital transformation process is in its infancy and is a promising necessity for the development of all industrial production. The transition to digital production technologies is associated with the solution of a number of problems. Such as modernization of the material and technical base, training and advanced training of personnel, preparation of the legislative framework, standardization, certification of innovative digital production technologies, search for investment resources.


About the authors

Natalya A. Dubrovina

Samara National Research University

Author for correspondence.
Email: nadubrovina@yandex.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8216-5209

Russian Federation, 34, Moskovskoye shosse, Samara, 443086, Russian Federation.

Candidate of Economic Sciences, associate professor, head of the Department of General and Strategic Management

References

  1. Borisov V.N., Pochukaeva O.V. Innovative development of the engineering industry. Studies on Russian economic development, 2013, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 26–34. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1134/S1075700713010048. (In Russ.)
  2. Borisov V.N., Pochukaeva O.V. Domestic engineering as a factor of scientific and technological development of the Russian economy. MIR (Modernization. Innovation. Research), 2019, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 12–25. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18184/2079-4665.2019.10.1.12-25.
  3. Idrisov G.I., Knyaginin V.N., Kudrin A.L., Rozhkova E.S. New technological revolution: Challenges and opportunities for Russia. Voprosy Ekonomiki, 2018, no. 4, pp. 5–25. Available at: https://
  4. akudrin.ru/uploads/attachments/file/19/vopreco4-18.pdf; https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=32767825. (In Russ.)
  5. Gorodnikova N.V., Gokhberg L.M., Ditkovsky K.A. et al. Indicators of innovative activity: 2018: statistical compilation. Moscow: NIU VShE, 2018, 344 p. Available at: https://www.hse.ru/primarydata/ii2018; https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=36725512. (In Russ.)
  6. Gokhberg L.M., Ditkovsky K.A., Kuznetsova I.A. et al. Indicators of innovation activity: 2019: statistical compilation. Moscow: NIU VShE, 2019, 376 p. Available at: https://www.hse.ru/primarydata/ii2019. (In Russ.)
  7. Gokhberg L.M., Ditkovsky K.A., Evnevich E.I. et al. Indicators of innovation activity: 2020: statistical compilation. Moscow: NIU VShE, 2020. Available at: https://www.hse.ru/primarydata/ii2020. (In Russ.)
  8. Lapteva E.N., Nazarochkina O.V. Domestic engineering – industry 4.0 technology transition problems. Mechanical engineering and computer technologies, 2019, no. 5, pp. 11–20; p. 12. DOI: http://doi.org/10.24108/0519.0001500. (In Russ.)
  9. National Technology Initiative: goals, main principles and results achieved. For discussion at a meeting of the Presidium of the Council under the President of the Russian Federation for economic modernization and innovative development of Russia. Speaker: Peskov D.N. June 9, 2015. Agency for Strategic Initiatives. Available at: http://static.government.ru/media/files/T9Crayp8PsBQU6hdVAl0SsDlu2XvCvYG.pdf. (In Russ.)
  10. Decree of the President of the Russian Federation dated 01.12.2016 № 642 «On the Strategy of Scientific and Technological Development of the Russian Federation». Retrieved from legal reference system Garant. Available at: https://base.garant.ru/71551998; «Forecast of the long-term socio-economic development of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2030» (developed by the Ministry of Economic Development of Russia). Available at: http://old.economy.gov.ru/minec/activity/sections/macro/prognoz/doc20130325_06; Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation dated April 18, 2016 № 317 «On the implementation of the National Technological Initiative». Retrieved from legal reference system Garant. Available at: https://
  11. base.garant.ru/71380666. (In Russ.)
  12. Solodilova N.A. New design technologies within the framework of the discipline «CAD in mechanical engineering». In: Universal competences: indicators, development and evaluation experience: research and methodological conference of the association of classical universities May 23, 2018. Saint Petersburg, 2018, pp. 391–396. Available at: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=38582559. (In Russ.)
  13. Feofanov A.N., Okhmat A.V., Berdyugin A.V. VR / AR-technologies and their application in mechanical engineering. Automation and Modeling in Design and Management, 2019, no. 4 (06), pp. 44–48. doi: 10.30987/2658-3488-2019-2019-4-44-48. (In Russ.)
  14. Schwab K. The fourth industrial revolution. New York: Crown Business, [2016], 184 p. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/35846430/The_Fourth_Industrial_Revolution_Klaus_Schwab.

Statistics

Views

Abstract - 6

PDF (Russian) - 1

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

PlumX

Dimensions

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Vestnik of Samara University. Economics and Management

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies