Processes of development of digitalization of economic systems of the Russian Federation

Abstract


The article reflects the issues of digitalization of the Russian economy at the present stage of its development. It presents an analysis of the Program «Digital economy of the Russian Federation», which is based on the goals, solving problems, performing sales activities of digitalization, timing, and key directions of the state policy of Russia in the formation of conditions for the functioning and development of the digital economy. The article shows that the circulation of information in digital form is the main factor of social production, improving the quality of life of the population, developing the competitiveness of state, ensuring national sovereignty and sustainable economic growth of state. The implementation of this Program requires high-quality interaction between the state, business and science, since its implementation requires the formation of at least a dozen leading national companies – high-tech industrial enterprises that develop «end-to-end» technologies and manage «digital platforms», which will carry out their activities on world markets and form a strategic ecosystem, research structures and leading industry enterprises that ensure the systematic development of the digital economy of Russia. The Program implementation indicators show that the effectiveness of innovation development in the industrial sector of digitalization determines the creation of future markets, allowing industrial enterprises to create the image of the future of the regions, to carry out complex innovative activities. The relevance of the implementation of the State Program «Digital Economy of the Russian Federation», which includes the processes of innovative development of the region on the basis of NTI, is that digitalization and the creation of innovations, allows enterprises to gain leadership among similar manufacturers, producing products with a significant degree of knowledge intensity, forming new product and technology markets. Digital technologies and innovative development of the region on the basis of NTI is the creation of a network integration grouping of the industrial complex on the basis of an innovative ecosystem. A significant result of this study is the formation of a model of the innovation ecosystem of the region based on NTI. The model shows that the development of NTI startups is carried out with the help of the regional infrastructure of innovation support, the main element of which is the innovative regional clusters representing the regional ecosystem of innovation support. The main importance in the ecosystem is played by the network connections of participants in innovation activities and their organizational and technological capabilities (points of industrial technological growth and development). The paper reflects that the implementation of the Program for creating a digital society based on STI to create new markets and technologies is based on the development of innovative activity of the economic systems of the region. In the proposed model of the ecosystem of digitalization of the region, the author has developed an algorithm for evaluating the effectiveness of its activities.


About the authors

Oksana I. Zhityaeva

Samara National Research University

Author for correspondence.
Email: oij2001@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8216-5209

Russian Federation, 34, Moskovskoye shosse, Samara, 443086, Russian Federation.

head of the Centre for Distance Education Technologies

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