SPECIAL ECONOMIC ZONES OF RUSSIA: EVALUATION OF EFFICIENCY OF ACTIVITY AND PRACTICE OF ATTRACTING INVESTMENTS


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Abstract

Russia's entry into the five largest economies in the world will be ensured through the implementation of new investment projects in industry, increasing the level of production localization and the mass introduction of advanced production technologies. This is a necessary condition for the Russian economy to enter a stable growth path, increase the competitiveness of enterprises in the world market of high-tech products. The only way to accomplish this task is to switch to a growth model based on increasing the investment attractiveness of Russia and the investment activity of enterprises. One of the main drivers of the formation of a new generation economy is a developed infrastructure, the key element of which are special economic zones. The special economic zones created and functioning in Russia are an important tool for attracting investments and a large-scale project to develop the economy of the country's regions by attracting investments in priority types of economic activity. In the process of numerous studies, it was found that the creation in regions with a high level of investment development and attractiveness of special economic zones has a positive effect of a new special regime of doing business on the results of investment development of the country's regions. The article discusses the performance indicators of special economic zones and provides an assessment of their investment attractiveness.

About the authors

Tatyana A. Oruch

Volga Region State University of Service

Author for correspondence.
Email: oruch_t@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2398-5298

Candidate of Economic Sciences, associate professor of the Department of Multifunctional Economics and Territory Development

Russian Federation

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