Study of digital diagram formation for optimum interference and noise reduction in antenna arrays of different shapes with directional radiators

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In the paper the digital beamforming is examined in azimuth and elevation, which allows more accurate formation of nulls and maximum of the radiation pattern. The minimum variance distortionless response beamformer, the sample matrix inversion algorithm using regularization, and the null steering algorithms at the output of cylindrical, hemispherical and planar lattices are considered. The ratio of the useful signal power to the active interference plus noise resulting power and the bit error ratio at the output of digital antenna arrays are estimated depending on the directivity of the antenna elements and the number of averaging samples. It has been established that a hemispherical antenna array can significantly increase the transmission reliability in comparison with the considered ones, which will reduce the computational load without using complicated diagramming algorithms.

About the authors

Yury B. Nechaev

Voronezh State University

1, Universitetskaya Square, Voronezh, 394018, Russia

Ilya V. Peshkov

Bunin Yelets State University

Author for correspondence.
28, 1, Kommunarov Street, Yelets, Lipetsk region, 399770, Russia


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Copyright (c) 2022 Nechaev Y.B., Peshkov I.V.

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