DIRECTIONS OF ANTI-CORRUPTION IN THE LAW OF THE MOSCOW STATE OF THE 16TH CENTURY


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Abstract

The author of the article proceeds from idea of strong communication between legal tradition of the Moscow state and the previous period, and in general the Moscow right of the 16th century evolved on the strong base of the previous legal tradition, including regarding the precepts of law devoted to restriction of an imperious arbitrariness of officials and suppression of possible use of powers of authority for realization of private mercenary interest. In research literature approach according to which concrete historical forms of corruption in the Moscow right come down to the maintenance of the concept «bribery» dominates and are identified with the terms «extortion» and «bribery». Meanwhile realities of the Moscow state of the 16th century generated a much bigger variety of forms of corruption, many of which are still insufficiently studied. On the basis of the analysis of legislative monuments of the law of the Moscow state of the 16th century, public diplomas and narrative sources of information the system of corruption offenses and the main directions of anti-corruption which were created at the level of state policy comes to light: 1) precautionary measures; 2) measures of positive responsibility; 3) measures of civil and criminal liability assuming realization of functions of compensation of the caused damage and actually punishment.

About the authors

Yu. V. Ospennikov

Department of Theory and History of State and Law and International Law, Samara National Research University

Author for correspondence.
Email: grigorjewa.katerina@yandex.ru
Russian Federation

References

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Copyright (c) 2019 Ю. В. Оспенников

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